Intraoperative Laryngeal Electromyography (LEMG) in Children With Vocal Fold Immobility: a Longitudinal Study
The goal of this study is to further study the role of LEMG in accurately predicting the recovery of vocal function as well to study the timing of a change of LEMG activity prior to such return of function. We aim to do this by collaborating with several active pediatric otolaryngological practices throughout the country who in turn have agreed to evaluate infants and children with vocal fold immobility who fit a standardized inclusion and exclusion criteria by means of a standardized LEMG protocol over a one year period of time. Our particular goal is to collect and then review information over a one year period of time on all children evaluated for vocal fold immobility by means of LEMG.
Vocal Fold Immobility
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Intraoperative Laryngeal Electromyography (LEMG) in Children With Vocal Fold Immobility: a Longitudinal Study|
- return of vocal fold function [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2008|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|children with vocal fold immobility|
Hide Detailed Description
Primary central hypothesis:
Operative LEMG performed in a serial fashion can predict return of RLN function in children after iatrogenic injury.
Operative LEMG performed in a serial fashion will allow some projection as to the timing of RLN recovery
- Children age 0-18 with vocal fold immobility documented by laryngeal fiberoptic evaluation
- Children who have had a recent, identifiable cardiac surgical etiology for RLN injury and subsequent VFI
- Children whose parents sign informed consent and who themselves sign assent if they are old enough to do so.
- Children whose families do not give informed consent or who themselves do not give informed assent ( if the children are old enough to understand)
- Children with congenital VFI where the etiology is not clearly identified
Data to be recorded:
- Age of patient
- Age of initial fiberoptic evaluation and of initial diagnosis
- Serial Laryngeal Recordings
- Fiberoptic Evaluations
While in a light plane of anesthesia, the following recordings will be routinely performed:
- 10 seconds of both right and left vocal fold LEMG simultaneously recorded with a gain of 50 V
- 10 seconds of both right and left vocal fold LEMG simultaneously recorded with a gain of 200 V
- 10 seconds of right vocal fold LEMG recorded with a gain of 50 V
- 10 seconds of right vocal fold LEMG recorded with a gain of 200 V
- 10 seconds of left vocal fold LEMG recorded with a gain of 50 V
- 10 seconds of left vocal fold LEMG recorded with a gain of 200 V
Total recording time: 60 seconds
Timing of LEMG and Awake Fiberoptic Laryngoscopy
Following current standard clinical evaluation we are performing at MEEI, we propose to perform awake fiberoptic laryngoscopy and operative LEMG at the following time points: initially (within 3 weeks of injury if possible), at the 3 month post-injury mark, and at the 9- month post injury mark ( 3 recordings in total; we will perform a final fiberoptic laryngoscopy in the office at the one year time interval). The time points were chosen as each recording necessitates an operative procedure with general anesthesia so we wanted to limit the over number of general anesthetics. We recognize that the risk of limiting the number of operative LEMG recordings is that we lose some data-points to chart recovery of RLN function, but we felt that the risks of multiple general anesthetics were sufficient enough to warrant limiting the number of recordings as much as possible.
Data Collection and Database protection
All Data collected will be entered into a password protected database.
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Principal Investigator:||Christopher J Hartnick, MD||Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary|