Combined Levothyroxine/Liothyronine Supplementation in Hypothyroid Patients With Brain Tumors

This study has been terminated.
(Slow accrual.)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00488644
First received: June 19, 2007
Last updated: June 14, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

Primary Objectives:

  1. Assess whether combined treatment with Levothyroxine and Liothyronine improves learning and memory.
  2. Explore the relationship between T3 treatment and other domains of cognitive function, quality of life, and mood.

Condition Intervention
Hypothyroidism
Brain Tumor
Drug: Levothyroxine
Drug: Liothyronine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Combined Levothyroxine/Liothyronine Supplementation in Hypothyroid Patients With Brain Tumors

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants Demonstrating Improvement With Impaired Neuro-cognitive Function (NCF) Based on Results of a Series Neuro-cognitive Exams Administered at Baseline and 8 Weeks After Liothyronine Therapy [ Time Frame: At baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    At baseline, each participant's scores for standardized/widely-used NCF exams are recorded (recalled words/objects/sequence repetition/etc per tests listed below). After 8 weeks liothyronine therapy, participants are tested again and scores compared to baseline scores. If the participant recalls more numbers/objects/sequence repetition faster/etc., than previous scores, this constitutes an improvement in NCF function for that individual. Scores are not compared to other participants. NCF tests: Memory by RAVLT (Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test), scored by the number of words correctly recalled at different timepoints; Attention by Digit Span Exam (accurately repeating a sequence of numbers just spoken); Processing speed by Digit Symbol Exam (accurately matching numbers with associated symbols) Executive function by Trail Making Tests and Controlled Oral Word Association; Motor dexterity evaluated by correctly placing pegs in pegboards in a specified time.


Enrollment: 12
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: March 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Levothyroxine + Liothyronine
Levothyroxine 75 mcg by mouth (PO) Daily for 8 Weeks + Liothyronine 15 mcg PO Daily for 8 Weeks
Drug: Levothyroxine
75 mcg by mouth (PO) Daily for 8 Weeks
Other Name: Synthroid
Drug: Liothyronine
15 mcg PO Daily for 8 Weeks
Other Name: Cytomel

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Hypothyroidism causes the body to not be able to produce enough thyroid hormones. Levothyroxine and liothyronine are synthetic (man-made) hormones that may help treat hypothyroidism by increasing the metabolism (activity) of cells of all tissues in the body. The combination treatment, given to patients with hypothyroidism, may help improve normal body and brain functioning.

Levothyroxine is a man-made type of hormone that is made and released by the thyroid gland (thyroxine [T4]). Liothyronine is also a man-made type of hormone, but it is made by the thyroid gland (triiodothyronine [T3]). Both levothyroxine and liothyronine effect different functions in the body that help regulate (control) the activity and amount of energy that cells use.

Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have what are called "screening tests." These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in this study. You will have your complete medical history recorded. You will have a neuropsychological evaluation (a series of tests that evaluate how well your brain is performing). This evaluation includes an interview, and tests will be performed to check your memory, language, and thinking abilities. You will have a neurological exam performed, which will include measurement of your weight, height, and performance status (how well you are able to perform daily activities). This will be done within 14 days before the start of this study.

You will have blood collected (about 2 tablespoons) for routine laboratory tests (free T4, total T3) for patients with hypothyroidism. You will also be given 4 questionnaires to fill out that will ask about your general QoL and changes in your mood. These questionnaires will take about 20 minutes total to complete.

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will receive your standard dose of levothyroxine (after you have your blood collected for laboratory tests and physical measurements taken) by mouth. You will receive liothyronine by mouth on Day 1 of this study and then have a neuro-cognitive test ( that evaluates how well your brain is performing). The dose of liothyronine you receive will depend on the dose of levothyroxine that you are already on.

Approximately 4 weeks after you start on the treatment, you will be called by a research data coordinator or research nurse who will ask you questions about any symptoms of hyperthyroidism that you may be having. This is in case your dose of liothyronine is too high and may need to be adjusted.

You will be receiving levothyroxine and liothyronine for up to 8 weeks. However, you will be taken off this study, if your disease gets worse or you experience any intolerable side effects.

You will be asked to return again to the hospital 8 weeks after your first visit for an end-of-study visit. You will have another neuropsychological evaluation performed. Blood (around 2 tablespoons) will again be collected to test the levels of free T4 and total T3 in your body. You will also have your physical measurements taken. You will receive another standard dose of levothyroxine. You will have another neurocognitive test performed, and you will be given 4 more questionnaires to evaluate your QoL and any changes in your mood. The questionnaires will take about 20 minutes total to complete.

Your participation in this study will be over after your end-of-study visit.

This is an investigational study. Liothyronine and levothyroxine each are approved by the FDA for hypothyroidism and are commercially available. However, the use of these drugs in combination is experimental. Up to 26 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All patients must have the diagnosis of hypothyroidism.
  • Patients must be already on thyroid hormone replacement.
  • Patients must be greater than or equal to 18 years old.
  • Patients must have a diagnosis of a primary or secondary brain tumor and must have received prior radiation.
  • Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 6 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previously established dementing illness.
  • Other medical conditions known to cause dementia.
  • Significant psychiatric illness.
  • Uncontrolled seizures.
  • Acute or chronic pulmonary disease.
  • Active severe infections.
  • Signs or symptoms of coronary artery disease.
  • History of congenital hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, thyroidectomy, 131I-therapy, or thyroid cancer.
  • Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, or any serious unstable medical condition.
  • Inability to read and write in English.
  • Patients must not be taking any medications that interfere with thyroid hormone metabolism (Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents, Antiarrhythmic drugs, Antipsychotic Agents, Tricyclic Antidepressants, Amiodarone, Iodine, Lithium, and Alpha-Interferon).
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00488644

Locations
United States, Texas
UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Victor Levin, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00488644     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2005-0804
Study First Received: June 19, 2007
Results First Received: March 22, 2012
Last Updated: June 14, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
Hypothyroidism
Brain Tumor
Levothyroxine
Liothyronine
Synthroid
Cytomel

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Hypothyroidism
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Thyroid Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014