Clinical Trial of SAHA in Patients With Breast Cancer
- evaluate the safety of Vorinostat.
- evaluate the effectiveness of Vorinostat in treating breast cancer
- evaluate how the study subject's body reacts to Vorinostat, how these reactions relate to the subject's genes, and whether protein changes in the subject blood may be used to predict how the subject's cancer will respond to Vorinostat
We hypothesize that Vorinostat, as a novel class of anti-cancer agents, may induce response in patients with recurrent or metastatic breast cancer who have been previously treated with anthracyclines and taxanes. In addition, we hypothesize that serum Vorinostat levels may correlate with clinical response and toxicities, and that Vorinostat may induce unique protein changes in the plasma in responding patients, and that these proteins may in turn be used as predictive biomarkers for treatment response.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase I/II Clinical Trial of Vorinostat in Patients With Recurrent and/or Metastatic Breast Cancer|
- Clinical laboratory tests [ Time Frame: Screening (Visit 1) and weekly during Cycle 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Laboratory tests will include the following: full blood count, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin, BUN, calcium, chloride, creatinine, glucose, LDH, potassium, total protein, AST, ALT, sodium and uric acid
- Vital signs [ Time Frame: Screening (Visit 1) and at subsequent visits ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]Vital signs will include pulse, blood pressure, temperature, and respiration rate. Any treatment-emergent clinically significant vital sign abnormalities should be reported and followed as an adverse event.
- Electrocardiograms [ Time Frame: (Visit 1) and every 12 weekly while on treatment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]ECG results will be reviewed by the investigator, and any treatment-emergent clinically significant ECG abnormality should be reported and followed as an adverse event.
- Vorinostat concentration in serum samples [ Time Frame: Cycle 1 Day 1 (Week 1) and Cycle 1 Day 15 (Week 3) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Vorinostat and its two metabolites SAHA-glucuronide and n-phenyl succinamic acid in human serum samples will be isolated by high throughput liquid chromatograph (HTLC) on-line extraction system.AUC, terminal elimination rate constant,total serum clearance (CL), volume of distribution (Vz) and bioavailability after oral administration will be calculated
- Level of histone H3 acetylation [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 weeks after initiation of Vorinostat treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]10ml whole blood will be collected in heparinized tubes at baseline and 3 weeks after initiation of Vorinostat treatment, and centrifuged to obtain peripheral mononuclear cells. Histones will be isolated and acetylated histone H3 evaluated by Western blot analysis and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
- Known functional single nucleotide polymorphisms [ Time Frame: prior to start of treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Known functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes encoding for proteins that are relevant to the pharmacokinetic disposition and pharmacodynamics of Vorinostat will be characterized. More comprehensive genotyping using high-throughput sequencing techniques will be carried out in 'outliers' who have extreme pharmacokinetic parameters, or who experience exceptional toxicity or tumor response, to identify novel functional SNPs.
- Baseline plasma protein profiles and changes in response to chemotherapy [ Time Frame: baseline, on day 1 of each subsequent treatment cycle for the first 6 cycles, followed by 3 monthly until documented disease progression. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Plasma proteomics studies using SELDI-MS with the Ciphergen technology will be collected serially to identify protein markers that are associated with Vorinostat response.
- Tumor histone acetylation studies, genomics and proteomics studies (optional) [ Time Frame: at baseline, and 3 weeks after initiation of Vorinostat treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Tumor samples will be snap frozen in liquid nitrogen for subsequent RNA and protein extraction for tumor histone acetylation studies, gene expression studies and proteomic studies in an attempt to identify biomarkers that correlate with Vorinostat biological effects and clinical response.
|Study Start Date:||January 2007|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||January 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
A phase I portion that will determine the safety of 400mg Vorinostat once a day, continuously in the Asian population. A pre-determined dose reduction schema will be followed in the event of significant dose-limiting toxicities at this dose. Phase II will recruit additional patients at the determined dose with the goal of evaluating drug efficacy.
MK-0683 capsules, 100 mg, 400mg once a day, continuously (at dose level 0 - Phase 1 part of the study)
Other Name: MK-0683
Breast cancer is sensitive to a range of chemotherapeutics agents, but despite initial sensitivity, resistance typically emerges, resulting in disease relapse or progression. Exploration of novel classes of agents in the treatment of breast cancer is therefore in urgent need. Vorinostat or SAHA, a potent inhibitor of histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity, represents a novel class of anti-cancer agents in early stages of development. Vorinostat is active in inducing differentiation, cell growth arrest, and/or apoptosis in a wide variety of transformed cells in culture, and has shown activity against breast cancer in cell lines and animal models. Exploratory pharmacokinetic analysis has demonstrated that oral Vorinostat has excellent bioavailability. Oral Vorinostat has been administered to more than 300 patients enrolled in completed or ongoing clinical studies. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is 400 mg q.d. or 200 mg b.i.d. continuously, or 300 mg b.i.d. x 3 consecutive days per week. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) are non-hematologic (anorexia, dehydration, diarrhea and fatigue), that resolve quickly once drug administration is interrupted. This study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of Vorinostat in breast cancer patients who have failed anthracyclines and taxanes, and if proven active, will add an important new class of agents to the treatment armamentarium of breast cancer. The study will be divided into 2 phases: phase I to determine the MTD in our population, starting with 400mg q.d. continuously, with progressive dose decrements in the event of DLT; and phase 2 to determine efficacy of Vorinostat at MTD in 12-37 evaluable patients. Correlative studies (pharmacokinetics, pharmacogenetics, plasma proteomics, tumor histone acetylation, genomics and proteomics) will be carried out to identify markers that will predict treatment response and/or toxicity to Vorinostat, to achieve the future goal of tailored therapy.
|National University Hospital|
|Singapore, Singapore, 149547|
|National Cancer Centre|
|Singapore, Singapore, 169610|
|Study Chair:||Soo Chin LEE, MBBS,MRCP||National University Hospital, Singapore|