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Apixaban for the Prevention of Stroke in Subjects With Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00412984
First received: December 18, 2006
Last updated: September 27, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

The trial seeks to determine if apixaban, an investigational anticoagulant (blood-thinner) is as effective as standard therapy (warfarin) in preventing stroke and systemic embolism in subjects with atrial fibrillation and risk factors for stroke.


Condition Intervention Phase
Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial Flutter
Drug: warfarin
Drug: apixaban
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 3, Active (Warfarin) Controlled, Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel Arm Study to Evaluate Efficacy and Safety of Apixaban in Preventing Stroke and Systemic Embolism in Subjects With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With First Event of Ischemic/Unspecified Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, or Systemic Embolism (SE) During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Time to first event in "Intended Treatment Period": started on day of randomization, ended at efficacy cut-off date (date target number of primary efficacy events [448] was expected to have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    All suspected efficacy events were adjudicated by the Central Events Committee (CEC). Diagnosis of stroke=the nontraumatic focal neurological deficit lasting at least 24 hours, and includes ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke with hemorrhagic conversion, stroke of uncertain type, and retinal ischemic event (embolism, infarction). Diagnosis of SE=clinical history consistent with an acute loss of blood flow to a peripheral artery (or arteries), supported by evidence of embolism from surgical specimens, autopsy, angiography, vascular imaging, or other objective testing.

  • Rate of Adjudicated Stroke or Systemic Embolism (SE) During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Rate=Number of adjudicated stroke or SE events per 100 patient years. Diagnosis of stroke=the nontraumatic focal neurological deficit lasting at least 24 hours, and includes ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, ischemic stroke with hemorrhagic conversion, stroke of uncertain type, and retinal ischemic event (embolism, infarction). Diagnosis of SE=clinical history consistent with an acute loss of blood flow to a peripheral artery (or arteries), supported by evidence of embolism from surgical specimens, autopsy, angiography, vascular imaging, or other objective testing.

  • Number of Participants With Event of Major (International Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis [ISTH]) Bleeding During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    ISTH Bleeding Criteria: Major bleeding=a bleeding event that was: clinically overt bleeding accompanied by a decrease in hemoglobin (Hgb) of 2 g/dL or more over a 24-hour period and/or a transfusion of 2 or more units of packed red blood cells; bleeding that occurred in at least 1 of the following critical sites: intracranial, intraspinal, intraocular (within the corpus of the eye; a conjunctival bleed is not an intraocular bleed), pericardial, intra-articular, intramuscular with compartment syndrome, and retroperitoneal; bleeding that was fatal.

  • Rate of Adjudicated Major (ISTH) Bleed Events During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Rate=number of adjudicated major (ISTH) bleed events per 100 patient years. ISTH Bleeding Criteria: Major bleeding=a bleeding event that was: clinically overt bleeding accompanied by a decrease in hemoglobin (Hgb) of 2 g/dL or more and/or a transfusion of 2 or more units of packed red blood cells; bleeding that occurred in at least 1 of the following sites: intracranial, intraspinal, intraocular (within the corpus of the eye; a conjunctival bleed is not an intraocular bleed), pericardial, intra-articular, intramuscular with compartment syndrome, and retroperitoneal; bleeding that was fatal.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Events of All-Cause Death During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Death was defined as all-cause mortality. All unobserved deaths were assumed to be cardiovascular in nature unless a non-cardiovascular cause could be clearly provided. Cardiovascular=deaths due to ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, SE, myocardial infarction (MI), sudden death, heart failure, other cardiovascular, and unobserved deaths. Non-cardiovascular=all deaths due to a clearly documented non-cardiovascular cause (further classified into the categories: bleeding, study drug toxicity other than bleeding, malignancy, infection, trauma, and pulmonary causes of death).

  • Rate of Adjudicated All-Cause Death During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    All unobserved deaths were assumed to be cardiovascular in nature unless a non-cardiovascular cause could be clearly provided. Cardiovascular=deaths due to ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, SE, MI, sudden death, heart failure, other cardiovascular, and unobserved deaths. Non-cardiovascular=all deaths due to a clearly documented non-cardiovascular cause (further classified into the categories: bleeding, study drug toxicity other than bleeding, malignancy, infection, trauma, and pulmonary causes of death).

  • Rate of Ischemic or Unspecified Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, Systemic Embolism (SE), and Myocardial Infarction (MI) (as Individual Endpoints) During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Diagnosis for an acute or evolving MI=elevation of creatine kinase-MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) or Troponin T or I ≥ 2 × the upper limit of normal (ULN), or if no CK-MB or troponin values are available, a total CK ≥ 2×ULN, or new, significant (≥0.04 s) Q waves in ≥2 contiguous leads. For descriptions of Stroke and SE, see Outcome Measure 1.

  • Rate of Ischemic or Unspecified Stroke, Hemorrhagic Stroke, Systemic Embolism (SE), Myocardial Infarction (MI) and All-Cause Death (ACD) (as Composite Endpoints) During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Diagnosis for an acute or evolving MI=elevation of CK-MB or Troponin T or I ≥ 2 × the ULN, or if no CK-MB or troponin values are available, a total CK ≥ 2×ULN, or new, significant (≥0.04 s) Q waves in ≥2 contiguous leads. For descriptions of Stroke and SE, see Outcome Measure 1. For description of ACD, see Outcome Measure 5.

  • Number of Warfarin/Vitamin K Antagonist (VKA) Naive Participants With Composite Stroke / Systemic Embolism (SE) / Major Bleeding During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    For descriptions of Stroke and SE, see Outcome Measure 1. For description of Major bleeding, see Outcome Measure 3.

  • Rate of Composite Stroke / Systemic Embolism / Major Bleeding in Warfarin/Vitamin K Antagonist (VKA) Naive Participants During the Intended Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Intended Treatment Period" started on the day of randomization and ended at the efficacy cut-off date (date on which it was expected that the target number of primary efficacy events [448] would have occurred; set to 30-Jan-2011, prior to unblinding). ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of Participants With Events of Major or Clinically Relevant Nonmajor (CRNM) Bleed During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Major bleeding=bleeding that is clinically overt and that either resulted in a decrease in hemoglobin of 2 g/dL or more over a 24-hour period, led to a transfusion of 2 or more units of packed red blood cells, occurred in a critical site, or led to death. CRNM bleeding=bleeding that is clinically overt, that satisfies none of the additional criteria required for the event to be adjudicated as a major bleeding event, that led to either hospital admission for bleeding, physician-guided medical or surgical treatment for bleeding, or a change in antithrombotic therapy.

  • Rate of Events of Major or Clinically Relevant Non-Major (CRNM) Bleed During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Rate=number of major or CRNM bleed events per 100 patient years. Major=clinically overt and either 1) resulted in a decrease in hemoglobin of 2 g/dL or more over a 24-hour period, or 2) led to a transfusion of 2 or more units of packed red blood cells, or 3) occurred in a critical site, or 4) led to death. CRNM bleeding=clinically overt, but satisfied no additional criteria required to be adjudicated as a major bleeding event, and led to either 1) hospital admission for bleeding or 2) physician guided medical or surgical treatment for bleeding or 3) a change in antithrombotic therapy.

  • Number of Participants With All Bleeding Events During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    All bleeding events include major bleeding, CRNM bleeding (see Outcome Measure 12 Description for definitions), plus events of minor bleeding and fatal bleeding. Minor bleeding: All acute clinically overt bleeding events not meeting the criteria for either major bleeding or clinically relevant non-major bleeding will be classified as minor bleeding. Fatal bleeding is defined as a bleeding event that the Clinical Events Committee determines is the primary cause of death or contributes directly to death.

  • Rate of All Bleeding Events During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Rate=number of all bleeding events per 100 patient years. "All bleeding events" include major bleeding, CRNM bleeding (see Outcome Measure 12 Description for definitions), plus events of minor bleeding and fatal bleeding. Minor bleeding: All acute clinically overt bleeding events not meeting the criteria for either major bleeding or clinically relevant non-major bleeding will be classified as minor bleeding. Fatal bleeding is defined as a bleeding event that the Clinical Events Committee determines is the primary cause of death or contributes directly to death.


Other Outcome Measures:
  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs), Bleeding AEs, Serious Adverse Events (SAEs), Discontinuations Due to AEs, or Deaths During the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    AE: all SAEs or AEs with onset from first dose through 2 days (AEs) or 30 days (SAEs) after the last dose of blinded study drug (BSD). SAE: all SAEs with onset from first dose through 30 days after the last dose of BSD. Bleeding AE: all serious or non-serious bleeding-related AEs with onset from first dose through 2 days after the last dose of BSD. Discontinuations due to AE: all SAEs or AEs with onset from first dose of BSD and with action taken=drug discontinued. Deaths: all deaths occurring from first dose through 30 days after the last dose of BSD.

  • Rate of Adjudicated Bleeding Endpoints Per Global Use of Strategies to Open Occluded Coronary Arteries (GUSTO) During the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Rate=number of adjudicated GUSTO bleeding events per 100 patient years. GUSTO Bleeding Criteria: GUSTO severe (or life-threatening) bleeding: either intracranial hemorrhage or bleeding that causes hemodynamic compromise and requires intervention. GUSTO moderate bleeding: bleeding that requires blood transfusion but does not result in hemodynamic compromise.

  • Rate of Adjudicated Bleeding Endpoints Per Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) During the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Rate=number of adjudicated TIMI bleeding events per 100 patient years. TIMI Bleeding Criteria: Major bleeding=Intracranial bleeding and/or clinically overt bleeding associated with ≥5 gm/dL fall in Hgb or 15% fall in hematocrit (Hct) from baseline, accounting for transfusions. Minor bleeding=Clinically overt bleeding associated with ≥3 gm/dL fall in Hgb or a ≥10% fall in Hct from baseline, accounting for transfusions.

  • Number of Participants With Net-Clinical Benefit During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Net-Clinical Benefit = Composite of stroke, systemic embolism and ISTH major bleeding.

  • Rate of Net-Clinical Benefit During Treatment Period [ Time Frame: "Treatment Period" started with first dose of blinded study drug and ended 2 days after the last dose of blinded study drug. Mean duration of exposure to double-blind study drug was 1.7 years in each treatment group. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Rate=number of events of net-clinical benefit per 100 patient years. Net-Clinical Benefit = Composite of stroke, systemic embolism and ISTH major bleeding


Enrollment: 18201
Study Start Date: December 2006
Study Completion Date: June 2011
Primary Completion Date: June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: 1 Drug: warfarin
Oral tablets, 2.0 mg, adjusted to an INR of 2.5 (range 2.0 to 3.0)
Other Names:
  • Coumadin
  • BMS-565793
Experimental: 2 Drug: apixaban
Oral tablets, 5.0 mg or 2.5 mg, twice daily
Other Name: BMS-562247

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males and females ≥ 18 yrs with atrial fibrillation (AF) and one or more of the following risk factors for stroke:
  • Age ≥ 75, previous stroke
  • transient ischemic attack (TIA) or Systemic Embolism (SE)
  • Symptomatic congestive heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%
  • Diabetes mellitus or hypertension requiring pharmacological treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00412984

  Show 1012 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Study Director: Bristol-Myers Squibb Bristol-Myers Squibb
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Bristol-Myers Squibb

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

Responsible Party: Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00412984     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CV185-030
Study First Received: December 18, 2006
Results First Received: January 25, 2013
Last Updated: September 27, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Atrial Flutter
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Warfarin
Anticoagulants
Hematologic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014