Study of Effectiveness of Hand Exercises to Treat Symptoms of Hand Osteoarthritis

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
The Arthritis Research Institute of America
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00375947
First received: September 11, 2006
Last updated: August 22, 2007
Last verified: August 2007
  Purpose

Participants in this study will do hand exercises once per day for 16 weeks. The purpose of the study is to determine if hand exercises designed to improve range of movement and strength are an effective way to decrease functional limitations for people with hand osteoarthritis. The study will also attempt to determine if pain and stiffness are improved, and if hand strength and dexterity are improved.


Condition Intervention
Osteoarthritis
Other: Hand Exercise
Other: sham hand cream

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Single Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of a Home-Based Hand Range-of-Motion and Strength Training Exercise Program for Improvement of Hand Function in Older Adults With Hand Osteoarthritis: a Randomized Controlled Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by The Arthritis Research Institute of America:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Australian-Canadian Osteoarthritis Index (AUSCAN)hand disability score at 16 weeks of exercise

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • AUSCAN hand pain score at 16 weeks of exercise
  • AUSCAN hand stiffness score at 16 weeks of exercise
  • Maximal and average grip strength at 16 weeks of exercise
  • Maximal and average key pinch strength at 16 weeks of exercise
  • Maximal and average 3-point pinch strength at 16 weeks of exercise
  • Purdue Peg Board dexterity scores at 16 weeks of exercise

Estimated Enrollment: 65
Study Start Date: November 2005
Study Completion Date: April 2007
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Home-based hand exercise program
Other: Hand Exercise
Placebo Comparator: 2
Sham hand cream
Other: sham hand cream
placebo intervention

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common joint disorders in the elderly, yet few studies have targeted symptomatic osteoarthritis, especially symptomatic hand osteoarthritis.

Hand OA is a chronic disease for which no cure is currently available, the symptomatic pharmacologic treatment has significant side effects , and none of the recommended passive modality physical therapies have been demonstrated to improve function. To this end, our study constitutes a systematic approach to show how patients with hand OA might benefit from an intervention that is free of side effects, easily administered, and readily acceptable.

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of exercise for the reduction of hand functional disability associated with hand osteoarthritis that is both symptomatic and radiographic.

Intervention activity: A 16-week, home-based exercise program designed to decrease physical impairment of the hands. The exercise routine consists of nine (9) exercises performed once daily, bilaterally. The program will take about 10-20 minutes to complete. Six (6) exercises involve active range-of-motion (AROM) and three (3) involve hand and finger flexion using a Thera-Band ® Hand Exerciser (Hygenic Corporation, Akron, OH). The Hand Exerciser is a polymer ball with resistance that varies by color, with yellow 'extra soft' at approximately 1.5 lbs when 50% compressed, red "soft" at 3 lbs, green "medium" at 5 lbs, and blue "firm" at 8 lbs. The Hand Exerciser comes in two sizes; "regular" will be used for small to average sized hands and "extra large" for larger hands. The starting resistance for each subject will be determined by baseline grip and pinch static strength testing. Those with weaker grip or key pinch will use a softer ball, stronger subjects will use medium or firm, per predetermined standards. Some subjects may use more than one color of ball depending on clinical presentation (e.g., greater pain and dysfunction in MCP may require softer ball for pinching exercises, while a firmer ball is appropriate for gripping). A study booklet with written instructions and photos will describe how to perform the exercises.

Control activity: Application of a fragrance-free non-therapeutic topical cream, applied once daily. A study booklet with written instructions and photos will describe how to apply the cream.

Order of activities in this crossover study is assigned randomly using a random number table.

There will be a 16-week washout period of no intervention between the two treatment periods, regardless of the order in which the subjects began using the treatments. The washout period is designed to allow all measures to return to original baseline as much as possible.

The study will be 48 weeks in duration (three 16-week periods). Subjects will be enrolled as a dynamic entry cohort. Subjects are to note any adverse reactions to the exercises or the topical hand cream. They are to report such to the principal investigator of the trial. All subjects will be asked to complete a Participation Log. This will give study investigators a surrogate measure of participation and compliance.

As well as collecting information concerning demographics, medications, and relevant medical and social history at baseline, at each assessment participants will be asked to complete the AUSCAN Index (Australian Canadian Osteoarthritis Hand Index (AUSCAN) [Bellamy, 2002]). The AUSCAN Index is a self-administered questionnaire that assesses the three dimensions of pain, joint stiffness, and disability due to hand osteoarthritis using a battery of 15 questions. Scaled on 5-point Likert scales and 100mm Visual Analog Scales, the AUSCAN 3.1 is a valid, reliable and responsive measure of outcome. The index has been subject to validation studies that have addressed the following clinometric issues: reliability - stability, internal consistency; validity - face, content, construct; and responsiveness. The 100mm VA Scale will be used in the current study.

At baseline and 16 weeks of each of the two treatment periods (exercise and and cream) subjects' maximum grip, key pinch, and 3-point pinch strengths will be assessed using Jamar® grip and pinch dynamometers (Sammons Preston Rolyan, Bolingbrook, IL). Dexterity will be measured using standard tests of the Purdue Peg Board (Lafayette Instruments, Lafayette, IN).

Data collection schedule

The AUCSAN Index will be administered after a subject has completed specified lengths of participation. All participants will be assessed three times during both the exercise and hand cream intervention periods.

  1. Baseline
  2. 8 weeks
  3. 16 weeks

In addition, bilateral hand grip, key pinch, & 3-point pinch maximum strength, and hand dexterity (all best of 3 trials) will be tested at two points during each of the two intervention periods.

  1. Baseline
  2. 16 weeks

STATISTICAL METHODS

Statistical analysis will be performed using SAS statistical software (version 9.12, Cary, NC). Group differences of change between baseline and 16 weeks in hand function will be compared. Values and scores will be tested for Gaussian distribution (normality test). If the data are normally distributed, a parametric test (paired t-test) will be used. If the data are not normally distributed, a non-parametric test (signed ranks test) will be used. Data will be analyzed per intent-to-treat.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men and women
  • Ages 50 years and older
  • Reside within Tampa Bay Region, Florida
  • Presence of symptomatic OA as determined by the AUSCAN Index. Specifically, a hand function score of > 225 mm for the AUSCAN VA-subscale
  • Presence of radiographic hand OA, as defined by grades 2, or higher, per the Kellgren and Lawrence scale in one or more joints.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Concomitant rheumatic disease (e.g., rheumatoid arthritis, gout, lupus, fibromyalgia)
  • Current hand or wrist injury (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome, palmer tenosynovitis, fracture, sprain)
  • Use of an assistive device such as a cane or crutch
  • Has hand surgery scheduled within the 48 weeks following the start of the study
  • Prior hand surgery requiring joint replacement or other instrumentation in the hands
  • Received any intra-articular injection (hyaluronic acid, corticosteroid, or joint lavage) during the 3 months preceding the study
  • Currently participating in another conflicting research study
  • Currently using a therapeutic hand cream or practicing a hand exercise routine
  • Unwilling to sign an informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00375947

Locations
United States, Florida
The Arthritis Research Institute of America
Clearwater, Florida, United States, 33755
Sponsors and Collaborators
The Arthritis Research Institute of America
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Matthew W Rogers, MS The Arthritis Research Institute of America
Study Director: Frances V Wilder, PhD The Arthritis Research Institute of America
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00375947     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ARIA-0001
Study First Received: September 11, 2006
Last Updated: August 22, 2007
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by The Arthritis Research Institute of America:
exercise
hand disability
arthritis
AUSCAN

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoarthritis
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014