Family Studies of Uveal Coloboma
This study will identify the genes responsible for uveal coloboma, an abnormal development of the eye caused by incomplete closure of a normally-occurring gap in the eye (the optic fissure) after the fifth week of life in a human embryo. There have been studies of families in which more than one person has been affected by this disorder. Coloboma occurs in about 1 of 10,000 live births and may cause significant vision loss. Researchers seek a better understanding of the genes responsible for this disorder.
Adults and children who have more than one member of the family with uveal coloboma may be eligible for this study. Patients will undergo a detailed medical history and eye examination appropriate for their age. The pupils will be dilated, through the use of eye drops. Dilation will continue for 4 to 6 hours, and wearing of sunglasses can reduce temporary glare that many patients may experience in brightly lit areas. In addition, pictures will be taken of the front or back of the eye, a procedure that also involves dilation of the pupils. Patients who have coloboma will undergo a complete physical examination. Blood samples will be collected, with a total of about 2 tablespoons from patients ages 10 and older and about 1 teaspoon for each 5 pounds of body weight for younger patients. Also, patients with coloboma may be asked to undergo X-rays , ultrasound, or other tests that are medically indicated.
To have enough DNA to study, the researchers may create a cell line to grow more DNA. Laboratory samples will be coded so that there is no identifying information about participants in this study. No other testing or research will be done on blood samples collected unless patients give permission. The researchers will not provide information about patients' health to other people without your express permission.
|Official Title:||Family Studies of Uveal Coloboma|
|Study Start Date:||July 2006|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2013|
Objective: To describe phenotypes and find genes causing a developmental and potentially blinding eye condition, uveal coloboma.
Study population: Families where more than one family member has uveal coloboma. Both affected and genetically informative, unaffected members of the family will be recruited.
Design: Observational study.
Outcome measures: Clinical examination, genetic mapping and mutation identification.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|
|Principal Investigator:||Robert B Nussenblatt, M.D.||National Eye Institute (NEI)|