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Phase I Pediatric FMP2.1/AS02A Trial in Mali

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)
GlaxoSmithKline
University of Maryland, Baltimore County
Information provided by:
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00358332
First received: July 27, 2006
Last updated: October 18, 2011
Last verified: October 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to test the safety and dosages of a malaria vaccine in 100 children, 1-6 years old, in Bandiagara, Mali. The study is testing the safety of the vaccine when it is given to people who are regularly exposed to malaria and it will provide information regarding optimal vaccine dosage. This study will compare 3 injections of different vaccine doses to a rabies vaccine that is already approved. During the study, the child's health will be checked in the clinic and during home visits. Children may participate for about 14 months, and blood will be taken from each child throughout the study. If the child becomes sick from malaria, he/she will be treated. Information from this study may be used to develop a malaria vaccine that will help control the disease.


Condition Intervention Phase
Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria
Biological: FMP2.1/AS02A
Biological: Rabies vaccine (RabAvert)
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Randomized, Controlled, Dose Escalation Phase I Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of WRAIR's AMA-1 Malaria Vaccine (FMP2.1) Adjuvanted in GSKBio's AS02A Vs. Rabies Vaccine in 1-6 Year Old Children in Bandiagara, Mali

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Occurrence of Solicited Systemic Symptoms During a 7-day Surveillance Period (Systematically Collected) Following Vaccinations at Days 0, 30, and 60. [ Time Frame: 7 Days following any vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants reporting drowsiness irritability/fussiness, loss of appetite, vomiting, and feverishness. Participants are counted only once but may have experienced symptoms on multiple occasions.

  • Occurrence of Unsolicited Symptoms During a 30-day Surveillance Period Following Vaccinations at Days 0, 30, and 60. [ Time Frame: Day of vaccination and 30 subsequent days. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants spontaneously reporting any symptom (defined as any Adverse Event considered associated with the product) within 30 days of any vaccination. Participants are counted only once but may have experienced events on multiple occasions.

  • Number of Subjects Spontaneously Reporting Any Serious Adverse Event. [ Time Frame: 1 year after the last vaccination. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Any untoward medical occurrence that resulted in death, persistent/significant disability/incapacity, required in-patient hospitalization or prolongation thereof, was life threatening or a congenital anomaly/birth defect in offspring of a study subject; or may have jeopardized the participant or required intervention to prevent one of the outcomes.

  • Occurrence of Solicited Local Symptoms During a 7-day Surveillance Period (Systematically Collected) Following Vaccinations at Days 0, 30, and 60. [ Time Frame: 7 Days following any vaccination ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    The number of participants reporting pain, swelling and erythema. Participants are counted only once but may have experienced symptoms on multiple occasions.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Anti-FMP2.1 Antibody Titers Measured by ELISA, at Day 0 [ Time Frame: Day 0 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This outcome is the mean of the log anti-FMP2.1 antibody response measured by ELISA.

  • Anti-FMP2.1 Antibody Titers Measured by ELISA, at Day 30 [ Time Frame: Day 30 +/- 7 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This outcome is the mean of the log anti-FMP2.1 antibody response measured by ELISA.

  • Anti-FMP2.1 Antibody Titers Measured by ELISA, at Day 60 [ Time Frame: Day 60 +/- 7 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This outcome is the mean of the log anti-FMP2.1 antibody response measured by ELISA.

  • Anti-FMP2.1 Antibody Titers Measured by ELISA, at Day 90 [ Time Frame: Day 90 +/- 10 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This outcome is the mean of the log anti-FMP2.1 antibody response measured by ELISA.

  • Anti-FMP2.1 Antibody Titers Measured by ELISA, at Day 180 [ Time Frame: Day 180 +/- 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This outcome is the mean of the log anti-FMP2.1 antibody response measured by ELISA.

  • Anti-FMP2.1 Antibody Titers Measured by ELISA, at Day 272. [ Time Frame: Day 272 +/- 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This outcome is the mean of the log anti-FMP2.1 antibody response measured by ELISA.

  • Anti-FMP2.1 Antibody Titers Measured by ELISA, at Day 364 [ Time Frame: Day 364 +/- 14 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    This outcome is the mean of the log anti-FMP2.1 antibody response measured by ELISA.


Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: November 2006
Study Completion Date: December 2007
Primary Completion Date: December 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1: FMP2.1/AS02A 10 mcg dose or rabies vaccine.
20 children will be randomized to receive either the 10 mcg dose of FMP2.1/AS02A (n=15) or rabies vaccine (n=5) on study days 0, 30 +/- 7, and 60 +/- 7.
Biological: FMP2.1/AS02A
FMP2.1 will be reconstituted in AS02A adjuvant. Dosages: 10, 25, or 50 mcg of FMP2.1 or 0.1, 0.25 or 0.5 mL of FMP2.1/AS02A administered by intramuscular injection.
Biological: Rabies vaccine (RabAvert)
RabAvert, white, freeze-dried vaccine for reconstitution with diluent. Dosage: 1.0 mL of rabies vaccine.
Experimental: Group 2: FMP2.1/AS02A 25 mcg dose or rabies vaccine.
40 children will be randomized to receive either the 25 mcg dose of FMP2.1/AS02A (n=30) or rabies vaccine (n=10) on study days 0, 30 +/- 7, and 60 +/- 7.
Biological: FMP2.1/AS02A
FMP2.1 will be reconstituted in AS02A adjuvant. Dosages: 10, 25, or 50 mcg of FMP2.1 or 0.1, 0.25 or 0.5 mL of FMP2.1/AS02A administered by intramuscular injection.
Biological: Rabies vaccine (RabAvert)
RabAvert, white, freeze-dried vaccine for reconstitution with diluent. Dosage: 1.0 mL of rabies vaccine.
Experimental: Group 3: FMP2.1/AS02A 50 mcg dose or rabies vaccine.
40 children will be randomized to receive either the 50 mcg dose of FMP2.1/AS02A (n=30) or rabies vaccine (n=10) on study days 0, 30 +/- 7, and 60 +/- 7.
Biological: FMP2.1/AS02A
FMP2.1 will be reconstituted in AS02A adjuvant. Dosages: 10, 25, or 50 mcg of FMP2.1 or 0.1, 0.25 or 0.5 mL of FMP2.1/AS02A administered by intramuscular injection.
Biological: Rabies vaccine (RabAvert)
RabAvert, white, freeze-dried vaccine for reconstitution with diluent. Dosage: 1.0 mL of rabies vaccine.

Detailed Description:

This study is a randomized, controlled, dose-escalation, phase I trial of the FMP2.1/AS02A malaria vaccine, using rabies vaccine as a control. This study is linked to DMID protocol 07-0003. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and reactogenicity of FMP2.1/AS02A in children naturally exposed to P. falciparum malaria infection. The secondary objective is to measure the magnitude and duration of antibody response to FMP2.1 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). One hundred healthy children aged 1-6 years in Bandiagara, Mali, will be randomized to 1 of 3 possible groups. Twenty subjects will be enrolled in cohort 1 and 40 subjects each in cohorts 2 and 3. Children within each cohort will be randomized in a 3:1 ratio to receive 10, 25 or 50 micrograms of FMP2.1 (in cohorts 1, 2 and 3, respectively) adjuvanted with a proportionate volume of the AS02A, or rabies vaccine. Thus a total of 75 children will receive the malaria vaccine and 25 the rabies vaccine. Immunizations will be given on days 0, 30 and 60 in a staggered fashion, with the first administrations of the 25 and 50 microgram dose levels of FMP2.1 following the first administration of the 10 and 25 microgram dose levels, respectively, by 2-3 weeks. Solicited adverse events will be recorded on the days of immunization and days 1, 2, 3 and 7 after each immunization, and unsolicited adverse events will be recorded for 30 days after each immunization. Children will be followed for 1 year after the last immunization. Sera will be collected for anti-FMP2.1 antibody titers on the days of immunization and 14 days after each immunization as well as 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after the first immunization. Each child will participate in the study for up to 414 days, which includes the screening period. The primary outcome measures include: occurrence of solicited symptoms after each vaccination during a 7-day surveillance period (day of vaccination and days 1, 2, 3 and 7 after vaccination), occurrence of unsolicited symptoms after each vaccination during a 30-day surveillance period (day of vaccination and 30 subsequent days); and occurrence of serious adverse events throughout the study period. The secondary outcome measure is titers and activity of anti-FMP2.1 antibody at each time point where serology samples are analyzed, measured by ELISA.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 6 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 1-6 years inclusive at the time of screening.
  • Residing in Bandiagara town.
  • Appear to be in generally good health based on clinical and laboratory investigation.
  • Separate written informed consent obtained from the parent/guardian before screening and study start, respectively.
  • Available to participate in follow-up for the duration of study (14 months).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous vaccination with an investigational vaccine or a rabies vaccine.
  • Use of a investigational or non-registered drug or vaccine other than the study vaccine(s) within 30 days preceding the first study immunization, or planned use up to 30 days after the third immunization.
  • Chronic administration (defined as more than 14 days) of immunosuppressants or other immune-modifying drugs within six months prior to the first immunization. This includes any dose level of oral steroids or inhaled steroids, but not topical steroids.
  • Confirmed or suspected immunosuppressive or immunodeficient condition, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • Confirmed or suspected autoimmune disease.
  • History of allergic reactions or anaphylaxis to immunizations or to any vaccine component.
  • History of serious allergic reactions to any substance, requiring hospitalization or emergent medical care.
  • History of allergy to tetracycline, doxycycline, nickel or Imidazole.
  • History of splenectomy.
  • Laboratory evidence of liver disease (alanine aminotransferase [ALT] greater than the upper limit of normal of the testing laboratory = 49.6 U/L).
  • Laboratory evidence of renal disease (serum creatinine greater than the upper limit of normal of the testing laboratory = 0.5 mg/dL (44.2 micromol/L), or more than trace protein or blood on urine dipstick testing).
  • Laboratory evidence of hematologic disease (absolute leukocyte count <5,300/mm^3 or >15,300/mm^3, absolute lymphocyte count <2,300 mm^3, platelet count <133,000/mm^3, or hemoglobin <9.0 g/dL).
  • Chronic skin condition that could interfere with vaccine site reactogenicity assessment.
  • Administration of immunoglobulins and/or any blood products within the three months preceding the first study immunization or planned administration during the study period.
  • Simultaneous participation in any other interventional clinical trial.
  • Acute or chronic pulmonary, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal or neurological condition, severe malnutrition, or any other clinical findings that in the opinion of the Principal Investigator (PI) may increase the risk of participating in the study.
  • Other condition that in the opinion of the PI would jeopardize the safety or rights of a participant in the trial or would render the participant unable to comply with the protocol.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00358332

Locations
Mali
University of Bamako, Malaria Research and Training Center
Bamako, Mali
Sponsors and Collaborators
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR)
GlaxoSmithKline
University of Maryland, Baltimore County
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Director, ORA, HHS/NIAID/DMID
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00358332     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 05-0146, U19AI065683, 2U01AI065683-06, GSKBio: Malaria 051 (106874)
Study First Received: July 27, 2006
Results First Received: December 9, 2008
Last Updated: October 18, 2011
Health Authority: Mali: University of Bamako Faculty of Medicine Institutional Review Board
United States: Institutional Review Board
United States: Federal Government
United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command:
malaria, vaccine, Mali, children

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Malaria
Malaria, Falciparum
Parasitic Diseases
Protozoan Infections

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 27, 2014