Nutrition Intervention Trials in Linxian Follow-up Study

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00342654
First received: June 19, 2006
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

Two large, nutritional intervention trials were conducted in Linxian, China between 1985-1991. These trials tested the effect of multiple vitamins and minerals in the prevention of esophageal cancer in a population with the highest known rate for this disease in the world. Results from the trials showed that Beta-carotene + Vitamin E + selenium reduced total mortality, total cancer mortality, and stomach cancer incidence and mortality. Multivitamins/minerals also showed reduction in premalignant lesions. Preliminary follow-up data obtained for the time period after cessation of intervention in 1991 suggests that the observed benefit for total and cancer mortality is reduced but that the benefit for stomach cancer remains.

The objectives of the follow-up study are: (1) to continue to determine cancer incidence and all causes of mortality in trial participants after intervention to permit examination of potential effects of the interventions on total and cause-specific mortality and cancer incidence in the post-intervention period; (2) to conduct a cross-sectional nutritional survey in a subsample of living trial participants to evaluate their nutritional status, asses the validity of dietary questionnaires, and relate neurologic status to vitamin B12 plasma levels; (3) to collect a blood sample from all living trial participants to permit further etiologic investigations of genetic and environmental hypotheses; and (4) to perform nested case-control studies of selected genetic and environmental hypotheses.

To accomplish the objectives of the follow-up study, we will: (1) determine updated vital status and cancer status data on all trial participants via monthly checks of village doctor records and quarterly checks of the Linxian Cancer Registry; conduct a Vital/Cancer Status Interview Survey among all (n-34,000 trial participants (or their surrogates); identify, collect, and store all available diagnostic materials for trial participants identified as having developed cancer or died with cancer during the follow-up period; (2) conduct a Nutritional Survey on a subsample (n-1000) of living trial participants that will include (a) a physical exam and brief medical history, (b) a neurologic history, (c) a cognitive function exam, (d) a hair/mouth skin exam, (e) a neurological exam, (f) a nutritional questionnaire, and (g) collection of a blood sample for hematologic/biochemical analyses; (3) conduct a Blood Collection Survey of all living trial participants (n-23,000) to obtain (a) a physical exam and brief medical history and (b) a single 10-ml blood sample for separation and preservation as WBCs (both viable and nonviable), RBCs, and plasma for genetic (e.g., xenobiotic polymorphisms) and environmental (e.g., plasma ascorbic acid) hypothesis testing; and (4) perform Nested Case-Control Studies of selected genetic and environmental hypothesis related to the etiology and prevention of esophageal cancer and stroke. These will be done using serum from the new cancer and stroke cases (-2500) and controls (-2500) previously identified from 1991-1996, as well as using new cancer and stroke cases and controls for the period 1996-2004 (-9000).

The followup for endpoints will continue monthly for an additional 5 years (through the year 2003). The Nutritional Survey and Blood Collection Survey will be conducted in the spring of 1999. The Nested Case-Control studies will be performed annually beginning in 2000, and the Vital/Cancer Interview Survey will be conducted in the Spring of 2001.


Condition
Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Nutritional Intervention Trials in Linxian China- Continued Follow-up

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 34000
Study Start Date: May 1999
Detailed Description:

Two large, nutritional intervention trials were conducted in Linxian, China between 1985-1991. These trials tested the effect of multiple vitamins and minerals in the prevention of esophageal cancer in a population with the highest known rate for this disease in the world. Results from the trials showed that Beta-carotene + Vitamin E + selenium reduced total mortality, total cancer mortality, and stomach cancer incidence and mortality. Multivitamins/minerals also showed reduction in premalignant lesions. Preliminary follow-up data obtained for the time period after cessation of intervention in 1991 suggests that the observed benefit for total and cancer mortality is reduced but that the benefit for stomach cancer remains.

The objectives of the follow-up study are: (1) to continue to determine cancer incidence and all causes of mortality in trial participants after intervention to permit examination of potential effects of the interventions on total and cause-specific mortality and cancer incidence in the post-intervention period; (2) to conduct a cross-sectional nutritional survey in a subsample of living trial participants to evaluate their nutritional status, asses the validity of dietary questionnaires, and relate neurologic status to vitamin B12 plasma levels; (3) to collect a blood sample from all living trial participants to permit further etiologic investigations of genetic and environmental hypotheses; and (4) to perform nested case-control studies of selected genetic and environmental hypotheses.

To accomplish the objectives of the follow-up study, we will: (1) determine updated vital status and cancer status data on all trial participants via monthly checks of village doctor records and quarterly checks of the Linxian Cancer Registry; conduct a Vital/Cancer Status Interview Survey among all (n approximately 34,000 trial participants (or their surrogates); identify, collect, and store all available diagnostic materials for trial participants identified as having developed cancer or died with cancer during the follow-up period; (2) conduct a Nutritional Survey on a subsample (n approximately 1000) of living trial participants that will include (a) a physical exam and brief medical history, (b) a neurologic history, (c) a cognitive function exam, (d) a hair/mouth skin exam, (e) a neurological exam, (f) a nutritional questionnaire, and (g) collection of a blood sample for hematologic/ biochemical analyses; (3) conduct a Blood Collection Survey of all living trial participants (n approximately 23,000) to obtain (a) a physical exam and brief medical history and (b) a single 10-ml blood sample for separation and preservation as WBCs (both viable and nonviable), RBCs, and plasma for genetic (e.g., xenobiotic polymorphisms) and environmental (e.g., plasma ascorbic acid) hypothesis testing; and (4) perform Nested Case-Control Studies of selected genetic and environmental hypothesis related to the etiology and prevention of esophageal cancer and stroke. These will be done using serum from the new cancer and stroke cases (approximately 2500) and controls (approximately 2500) previously identified from 1991-1996, as well as using new cancer and stroke cases and controls for the period 1996-2004 (approximately 9000).

The followup for endpoints will continue monthly for an additional 5 years (through the year 2003). The Nutritional Survey and Blood Collection Survey will be conducted in the spring of 1999. The Nested Case-Control studies will be performed annually beginning in 2000, and the Vital/Cancer Interview Survey will be conducted in the Spring of 2001.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • No eligibility criteria listed.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00342654

Locations
China
Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Beijing, China
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Philip R Taylor, M.D. National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00342654     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 999999031, OH99-C-N031
Study First Received: June 19, 2006
Last Updated: March 14, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Epidemiology
Cancer
Environment
Genetics
Nutrition

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 22, 2014