The Effect of FES on Children With Spinal Cord Injury
Regular exercise is strongly recommended to help maintain a healthy lifestyle. Unfortunately, children and young adults with damaged spinal cords may not be able to exercise regularly. However, there is an exercise bike specially designed for persons with damaged spinal cords that enables them to pedal by directly stimulating the muscles in their legs. Our study is designed to determine the benefits of exercise for Spinal Cord Injured (SCI) patients using this bike.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||The Effect of FES on Children With Spinal Cord Dysfunction|
- Change in Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory Version 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0)Score. [ Time Frame: pre- and post-intervention; time frame among participants ranged from 4 to 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The PedsQL™ 4.0 is a modular instrument for measuring health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. The questionnaire asks how much of a problem each item has been during the past month, using a 5-point response scale. This study used the Emotional Functioning, Social Functioning, and School Functioning modules. Scores on these three modules are combined to yield a Psychosocial Health Summary Score (range = 0-100 with 100 being the maximum positive outcome). Pre- and post-intervention scores were compared to determine improvement.
- Change in Bone Mineral Density Measured Via DEXA Scan [ Time Frame: At entry until completion (range 4-14 months) (One participant's DEXA scan was obtained late due to illness) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans using a GE LUNAR system. DEXA has been used in patients with loss of ambulation due to SCI to monitor changes in body composition over time and to evaluate the effectiveness of exercise in preventing or reducing the disease-related complications of SCI. It was used in the present study to determine BMD in the right distal femur at baseline; after 3 months of intervention; after 6 months; and for children who biked for the full duration of the study, at the completion of 9 months of intervention.
|Study Start Date:||January 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||January 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||September 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: RT 300-P FES Cycle
Participants exercised using functional electrical stimulation cycling (FES) using the RT 300-P FES cycle (Restorative Therapies, Baltimore, MD).
Device: RT 300-P FES Cycle
Participants exercised using functional electrical stimulation cycling (FES) using the RT 300-P FES cycle (Restorative Therapies, Baltimore, MD). Children were scheduled to attend three cycling sessions per week on non-consecutive days for up to 30 minutes per session over a 9 month period. The intervention was provided at Children's Specialized Hospital in Mountainside, and families were required to provide their own transportation. During the study, the participants continued to participate in their standard, primary rehabilitation program.
The inability to walk due to spinal cord dysfunction has profound effects on patients, both physiologically and psychologically. Complications associated with walking upright include loss of muscle mass from atrophy, reduction in bone mineral density (osteoporosis), compromised cardiovascular endurance, loss of sense of well-being, etc. Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES) of the lower extremities has been found to reverse many of these complications. We propose to examine the use of FES in children who have suffered from spinal cord injury (SCI). We plan to examine the effect of FES bike therapy on bone mineral density and psychological well-being.