CT-2103 in Combination With Gemcitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer
The goal of this phase I clinical study is to find the highest safe dose of gemcitabine and CT-2103 that can be given in combination for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. The safety and effectiveness of this combination will also be studied. This clinical trial will be offered to patients who are being considered for treatment with gemcitabine. Research lab samples and research biopsies will not be requested as part of this study.
Metastatic Breast Cancer
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Phase I Study of CT-2103 in Combination With Gemcitabine in Metastatic Breast Cancer|
- Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) of CT-2103 [ Time Frame: 21 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]MTD defined as the level of CT-2103 at which 2 out of 6 patients had dose limiting toxicity (DLT) where the primary DLT events of CT-2103 are uncomplicated neutropenia, febrile neutropenia, and/or grade 3 neuropathy. Assessments during the first cycle of therapy, where cycle is 21 days.
- Number of Participants with Response [ Time Frame: 6 weeks following chemotherapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Evaluation of response in participants with measurable disease after each 6 weeks of chemotherapy
|Study Start Date:||December 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||October 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||October 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: CT-2103 + Gemcitabine
CT-2103 135 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV) on Day 1. Gemcitabine 1000 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1 and 8.
135 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1.
Other Name: XyotaxDrug: Gemcitabine
1000 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1 and 8.
Other Name: Gemzar
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CT-2103 is a chemotherapy drug designed to deliver an active chemotherapy medication (paclitaxel) inside of tumor cells. Gemcitabine is FDA approved for the treatment of breast cancer.
Before you can start receiving drug on this study, you will have what are called "screening tests." These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in the study. You will have a complete medical history and physical exam. You will have a CT scan of the chest and abdomen, a bone scan, and a chest x-ray performed to document the size and location of the tumor(s). Blood (about 2 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood-pregnancy test.
If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be assigned to a dose of CT-2103. Participants in this study will be enrolled in groups of 3. The first group will receive the lowest dose of CT-2103. Each new group of patients will receive a higher dose until the highest safe dose is found. The dose that you receive will depend on how many patients have received CT-2103 before you. You will only be assigned to one dose level, and you will stay at this same dose level for the entire study unless you have a serious side effect that requires the dose to be decreased or stopped. All participants will receive the same dose of gemcitabine, though it too may be lowered if severe side effects occur.
Both CT-2103 and gemcitabine are given through a vein. On the first day of your therapy (called 'Day 1'), you will receive a routinely given medication, ondansetron (Zofran), that will help decrease the risk of nausea. About 30 minutes later, CT-2103 will be given over 10-20 minutes followed by gemcitabine over 30 minutes.
One week later ('Day 8'), you will receive gemcitabine through the vein over about 30 minutes. You will return to see your doctor 3 weeks after your first dose of chemotherapy ('Day 21'), and then this pattern or cycle of treatment will be given again.
You will continue on therapy as long as the cancer is being controlled and you are not having unexpected or intolerable side effects. All chemotherapy will be given at M. D. Anderson.
You will have blood (about 2 tablespoons) collected once a week while you are on study to monitor the effects of chemotherapy on your bone marrow and liver and kidney function. You will see your doctor every 3 weeks to monitor how you are tolerating the therapy. At these visits, your doctor will discuss any symptoms you are having, and you will have a physical exam. If you are taking warfarin (Coumadin) you will need to have blood (about 1 tablespoon) collected three times a week to monitor you warfarin levels.
After each 6 weeks of chemotherapy, you will have repeat scans to evaluate the effects of the study drugs upon your cancer.
Once you have stopped taking therapy with CT-2103 and gemcitabine, you will be asked to return to see your physician in about 6 weeks to evaluate how you are doing and to find out if there has been any additional change in the cancer. You will have a complete medical history and physical exam. You will have a CT scan of the chest and abdomen, a bone scan, and a chest x-ray performed to document the size and location of the tumor(s).
This is an investigational study. Gemcitabine is FDA approved for the treatment of breast cancer when given in combination with paclitaxel. Gemcitabine will not be provided free of charge. CT-2103 is not yet FDA approved and will be provided free of charge during the study. Any laboratory testing that is not standard of care will be paid for by the supporting company. About 18 women will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.
|United States, Texas|
|UT MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Marjorie Green, MD||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|