CAFE Study - Cancer Patient Fracture Evaluation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Medtronic Spine LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00211237
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: February 16, 2012
Last verified: May 2010
  Purpose

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of balloon kyphoplasty treatment for painful, acute, vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) as compared to standard non-surgical therapy in patients with cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cancer
Spinal Fractures
Device: Balloon Kyphoplasty
Other: Non Surgical Management
Phase 4

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study to Compare Balloon Kyphoplasty to Non-surgical Fracture Management in the Treatment of Painful, Acute Vertebral Body Compression Fractures in Cancer Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Medtronic Spine LLC:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The Functional Status, as Measured by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ) at 1 Month [ Time Frame: Baseline and 1 Month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The full scale name is the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire; it is a validated measure of physical disability due to back pain.

    The best score is 0 (no disability) and worst is 24 (maximum disability)



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Study Treatment-related Adverse Events and Change in Neurological Status [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1 Month , 3 Month, 6 Month and 12 Month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Clinical: Change in Functional Status (as Assessed With the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire and the Karnofsky Performance Scale) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1 Month , 3 Month, 6 Month and 12 Month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Quality of Life (as Assessed by the SF-36v2™ Health Survey) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 1 Month, 3 Month, 6 Month and 12 Month ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Change in Back Pain (as Measured by a 10-point Numerical Rating Scale) [ Time Frame: Baseline, 7-10 Day Phone Call, 1 Month, 3 Month, 6 Month and 12 Month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Radiographic: Change in Spinal Deformity, Defined as the Degree of Spine Angulation (as Assessed by an Independent Radiologist at the Core Laboratory) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-op, Post-Op, 1 Month and 12 Month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Radiographic: Rate of Subsequent Vertebral Body Fractures (as Assessed by Independent Radiologists at the Core Laboratory) [ Time Frame: Baseline, Pre-op, Post-Op, 1 Month and 12 Month ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 134
Study Start Date: May 2005
Study Completion Date: December 2009
Primary Completion Date: April 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Balloon Kyphoplasty (BKP)
Randomized, Unblinded Controlled Study
Device: Balloon Kyphoplasty
Vertebral Augmentation
Other Name: KyphX Inflatable Bone Tamps
Active Comparator: Non Surgical Management
Non-surgical treatment aimed at alleviation of back pain and restoration of decreased function associated with VCF(s).
Other: Non Surgical Management
Non-surgical treatment aimed at alleviation of back pain and restoration of decreased function associated with VCF(s).

Detailed Description:

1. STUDY OBJECTIVES AND ENDPOINTS

1.1. Objectives

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of balloon kyphoplasty treatment for painful, acute, VCFs as compared to standard non-surgical therapy in patients with cancer.

1.2. Primary Endpoint

The primary endpoint of the study is the improvement in functional status, as measured by the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RDQ) at 1 month. The primary hypothesis of the study is that the mean improvement will be larger in subjects initially assigned to management with balloon kyphoplasty. Note that all subjects will undergo 12 months of follow-up after initial treatment assignment.

1.3. Secondary Endpoints

The following secondary endpoints will also be examined. Comparisons will be made at each follow-up visit.

Safety:

  • Rate of study treatment-related adverse events
  • Change in neurological status

Clinical:

  • Change in functional status as assessed with

    • the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire
    • the Karnofsky Performance Scale
  • Change in quality of life as assessed by the SF-36v2™ Health Survey
  • Change in back pain, as measured by a 10-point Numerical Rating Scale (NRS)
  • Change in back-pain analgesics used
  • Change in ambulation status
  • Changes in activities of daily living
  • Time to treatment failure

Radiographic:

  • Change in spinal deformity, defined as the degree of spine angulation as assessed by an independent radiologist at the core laboratory
  • Rate of subsequent vertebral body fractures, as assessed by independent radiologists at the core lab

In each case, the study hypothesis is that treatment with balloon kyphoplasty will result in an improvement in clinical or radiographic outcomes compared to baseline and compared to non-surgical treatment, with a preservation of outcomes in long-term follow-up.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. One to 3 painful (pain on palpation/percussion over fractured vertebral body) VCF(s), T5-L5, with either bone marrow edema imaged by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or a fracture imaged by plain radiographs using the method of Genant
  2. Pain NRS score ≥4 on a scale of 0 to 10

    • When the patient is newly diagnosed with multiple myeloma, the pain assessment must not be done until after completion of at least one pulse of steroid therapy or one week after the initiation of active multiple myeloma therapy.
  3. Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire score ≥ 10 on a scale of 0 to 24
  4. Patients must be at least 21 years old.
  5. No change in chemotherapy regimen (change in dose(s) permitted) for 1 month prior to enrollment
  6. No change in chemotherapy regimen (change in dose(s) permitted) planned for at least 1 month following enrollment
  7. No major surgery to the spine planned for at least 1 month following enrollment
  8. Life expectancy of ≥ 3 months
  9. Patient has sufficient mental capacity to comply with the protocol requirements
  10. Patient has stated availability for all study visits
  11. Patient is able to understand the risks and benefits of participating in the study and is willing to provide written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with primary tumors of the bone (e.g., osteosarcoma) or solitary plasmacytoma at site of the index VCF. Patients with these tumors in anatomic sites other than the index VCF are eligible.
  2. Concurrent Phase I investigational anti-cancer treatment
  3. Significant clinical morbidities (aside from the index fracture(s) and cancer) that may potentially interfere with the collection of data concerning pain and function
  4. VCF morphology deemed unsuitable for balloon kyphoplasty
  5. Additional non-kyphoplasty surgical treatment is required for the index fracture
  6. Patients requiring the use of high-dose steroid (≥ 100 mg prednisone or 20 mg dexamethasone per day), intravenous (IV) pain medication, or nerve block to control chronic back pain unrelated to index VCF(s). Patients who receive high-dose steroids for treatment of their cancer (for at least 30 days) are eligible.
  7. Patients with a platelet count of < 20,000 measured at the time of hospital admission for the procedure
  8. Spinal cord compression or canal compromise requiring decompression
  9. Patients with osteoblastic tumors at the site of index VCF. Patients with osteoblastic tumors outside of vertebral levels intended for kyphoplasty may be enrolled.
  10. Medical/surgical conditions contrary to the balloon kyphoplasty procedure (e.g., in the presence of active or incompletely treated local infection)
  11. Known allergy to bone cement or contrast medium used in the treatment of study subjects
  12. MRI contraindication (e.g., cerebral aneurysm clips, pacemaker, implanted biostimulators, cochlear implants, penile prosthesis)
  13. Positive baseline pregnancy test (for women of child-bearing potential)
  14. Patients who may require allogeneic bone marrow transplantation during the course of the study.

Other Reasons for Lack of Enrollment:

A. Patient is afraid to have surgery

B. Patient is afraid to have anesthesia

C. Patient/family is not willing to participate in research

D. Patient is not willing to be randomized

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00211237

  Hide Study Locations
Locations
United States, California
Valley Radiology Inc., UCSD
Escondido, California, United States, 92025
United States, Colorado
Boulder Neurosurgical Associates
Boulder, Colorado, United States, 80304
United States, Florida
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33612
United States, Maryland
Sibley Memorial Hospital
Chevy Chase, Maryland, United States, 20815
Greater Oncology Associates
Silver Spring, Maryland, United States, 20910
United States, Michigan
Karmanos Cancer Center
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
United States, Texas
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Utah
University of Utah
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84132
Australia, Victoria
St. Vincent's Hospital
Fitzroy, Victoria, Australia, 3065
The Alfred Hospital
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 3004
Belgium
Institut Jules Bordet
Brussels, Belgium
Canada, Alberta
Foothills Hospital
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2N2T9
Canada, Ontario
Toronto Western Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5T 2S8
Canada, Quebec
Montreal General Hospital
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3G 1A4
Germany
Charité Virchow-Klinikum
Berlin, Germany
Medizinische Hochschule
Hannover, Germany
Hungary
National Center for Spinal Disorders
Budapest, Hungary
Sweden
Akademiska Sjukhuset
Uppsala, Sweden
United Kingdom
Royal London
London, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medtronic Spine LLC
Investigators
Principal Investigator: James Berenson, M.D. Institute for Myeloma & Bone Cancer Research
Principal Investigator: Frank Vrionis, M.D. H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center
  More Information

No publications provided by Medtronic Spine LLC

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Medtronic Spine LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00211237     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SP0401 - CAFE Study
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Results First Received: March 31, 2010
Last Updated: February 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Medtronic Spine LLC:
Balloon Kyphoplasty
Cancer
Vertebral Compression Fracture
Back Pain
Spine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Fractures, Bone
Spinal Fractures
Fractures, Compression
Wounds and Injuries
Spinal Injuries
Back Injuries

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014