An Open-Label Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Topiramate in the Treatment of Tourette Syndrome.
Previous studies using topiramate in Tourette subjects have shown that with the use of this medication subjects report that their tics get better. The purpose of this study is to study if topiramate improves the symptoms of Tourette syndrome, such as motor tics, or other associated symptoms such as attention or obsessive-compulsive problems.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||An Open-Label Study to Determine the Efficacy and Safety of Topiramate in the Treatment of Tourette Syndrome|
|Study Start Date:||October 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2008|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
In order to enroll in this study, you must have completed the Double-Blind phase of CAPSS-176 or discontinued the Double-Blind phase of CAPSS-176 after a minimum of 6 weeks because it has been determined that your symptoms of Tourette Syndrome were getting worse. You must also continue to meet the specific inclusion and exclusion criteria outlined in CAPSS-176.
The Titration/Maintenance Period: will last for 10 weeks, as it did during CAPSS-176. During the Titration and Maintenance Periods of the study, you will visit the study center 4 times. Visit 1 (Day 1) will be the same day as your final visit for CAPSS-176. You will have had a physical examination (including sitting blood pressure, pulse and weight), a urine pregnancy test if you are a female that is capable of having a child and been given the scale that measures the severity of your symptoms of Tourette Syndrome as part of the final visit procedures for CAPSS-176. This information will also be included as part of Visit 1.
During this visit, a blood sample will be taken (approximately 3 teaspoons) and tested to rule out any abnormalities and to make sure that your liver is working properly and your electrolytes are normal. You will also be asked to answer questions for the scale that measures your symptoms, if any, of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (A-D/HD). If you have Bipolar II Disorder, you will be asked to answer questions for one scale that measures your symptoms of mania. If you have obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), you will be asked to answer questions for one scale that measures those symptoms. The study doctor or his staff will complete two scales that assess the severity of your condition.
If you continue to be eligible for the study, you will begin the Titration Period of the study by taking 1 tablet of commercial topiramate 25 mg in the evening. This will be Day 1 of the study. After one week of this phase of the study, your topiramate dose will be increased to 2 tablets of topiramate (50 mg total), one tablet in the morning and one in the evening. Your topiramate dose may continue to be increased until you have reached the dose level the study doctor determines to be appropriate for you, or, you are taking a maximum dose of 200 mgs per day of topiramate. Your study doctor may adjust your topiramate dose as necessary.
During the study, you will be expected to visit your study doctor or his staff again on Day 28 (Visit 2), Day 56 (Visit 3) and Day 70 (Visit 4) after beginning treatment. Extra visits may be scheduled at the discretion of your study doctor. At each visit, you will have your blood pressure, pulse and weight measured. You will be asked how you are feeling and if you have started taking any new medications or had changes in other medications you may be taking. All of the scales that were completed at Visit 1, and the scale that was completed at the final visit of CAPSS-176, will be completed again at each visit. You will have a urine pregnancy test performed at each visit if you are a female capable of having a child. The test must be negative to continue in the study. You will have blood drawn again (approximately three teaspoons) at Visits 2 and 4 to make sure that your liver is functioning properly and your electrolytes are normal.
You will be called between Visits 1 and 2 (Day 14 of the study) and Visits 2 and 3 (Day 42 of the study) on the telephone by one of the people working on this study. During these phone calls you will be asked how you are feeling, if you have had any changes in medications you are taking and how you are doing with topiramate.
Commercial topiramate will be provided in 25 mg tablets.Study medication is provided in child resistant bottles.All bottles should be returned(regardless of whether they are partial, empty or full) at each visit. It is important that you follow your study doctor or his staff's instructions on when and how to take the topiramate. At Visit 4 (Day 70), you will be given instructions about reducing your topiramate dose gradually for the next week. You will visit the study doctor or his staff again on Day 77 (Visit 5) after you have completely stopped taking the topiramate.