IMPROVE-IT: Examining Outcomes in Subjects With Acute Coronary Syndrome: Vytorin (Ezetimibe/Simvastatin) vs Simvastatin (P04103 AM5)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00202878
First received: September 13, 2005
Last updated: February 28, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
  Purpose

This is a randomized, active-control, double-blind study of subjects with stabilized high-risk acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The primary objective is to evaluate the clinical benefit of Ezetimibe/Simvastatin Combination 10/40 (single tablet, under the brand VYTORIN in the United States) compared with Simvastatin 40 mg. As per the original protocol, if low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) response was inadequate, the dose of simvastatin in the VYTORIN arm or simvastatin arm, could be increased to 80 mg (Note: per June 2011 protocol amendment, criteria for continued use of 80 mg simvastatin were modified and new increases of simvastatin dose to 80 mg were stopped). Clinical benefit will be defined as the reduction in the risk of the occurrence of the composite endpoint of CV death, major coronary events, and stroke.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hypercholesterolemia
Myocardial Infarction
Drug: ezetimibe/simvastatin
Drug: simvastatin
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Double-Blind, Randomized Study to Establish the Clinical Benefit and Safety of Vytorin (Ezetimibe/Simvastatin Tablet) vs Simvastatin Monotherapy in High-Risk Subjects Presenting With Acute Coronary Syndrome (IMProved Reduction of Outcomes: Vytorin Efficacy International Trial - IMPROVE IT)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • To measure the effect of treatment with ezetimibe/simvastatin compared with simvastatin monotherapy on death due to any cardiovascular events, non-fatal coronary events (such as heart attack), and non-fatal strokes [ Time Frame: Trial will continue until a minimum of 5,250 subjects have a primary endpoint event and each subject is followed for a minimum of 2.5 years. Thus, the anticipated completion dates below may be adjusted on the basis of actual event occurrance. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • To measure the effect of treatment with ezetimibe/simvastatin compared with simvastatin monotherapy on death due to any cause, non-fatal coronary events (such as heart attack), and non-fatal stroke [ Time Frame: Trial will continue until a minimum of 5,250 subjects have a primary endpoint event and each subject is followed for a minimum of 2.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To measure the effect of treatment with ezetimibe/simvastatin compared with simvastatin monotherapy on coronary heart disease-related death, non-fatal heart attack, and by-pass surgery [ Time Frame: Trial will continue until a minimum of 5,250 subjects have a primary endpoint event and each subject is followed for a minimum of 2.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To measure the effect of treatment with ezetimibe/simvastatin compared with simvastatin monotherapy on death due to any cardiovascular events, non-fatal heart attack, angina leading to hospitalization, by-pass surgery, and non-fatal stroke [ Time Frame: Trial will continue until a minimum of 5,250 subjects have a primary endpoint event and each subject is followed for a minimum of 2.5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 18141
Study Start Date: October 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: September 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: ezetimibe/simvastatin Drug: ezetimibe/simvastatin
Ezetimibe/simvastatin 10/40 mg per day from randomization through the end of participation. As per the original protocol, if LDL-C response was inadequate, the dose of simvastatin in the VYTORIN arm or simvastatin arm, could be increased to 80 mg (Note: per June 2011 protocol amendment, criteria for continued use of 80 mg simvastatin were modified and new increases of simvastatin dose to 80 mg were stopped).
Other Names:
  • Vytorin
  • Inegy
Active Comparator: simvastatin Drug: simvastatin
Simvastatin 40 mg per day from randomization through the end of participation. As per the original protocol, if LDL-C response was inadequate, the dose of simvastatin in the VYTORIN arm or simvastatin arm, could be increased to 80 mg (Note: per June 2011 protocol amendment, criteria for continued use of 80 mg simvastatin were modified and new increases of simvastatin dose to 80 mg were stopped).
Other Name: Zocor

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Clinically stable subjects may be eligible to enroll within 10 days following hospital admission with high-risk acute coronary syndrome (either STEMI or Non-STEMI or unstable angina)
  • Subjects not taking a statin must have an LDL-C of 125 mg/dl or less. Subjects taking a statin must have an LDL-C of 100 mg/dl or less.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant or lactating woman, or intending to become pregnant
  • Subject with active liver disease or persistent unexplained serum transaminase elevation
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse
  • History of sensitivity to statin or ezetimibe
  • A subject for whom discontinuation of existing lipid lowering regimen poses an unacceptable risk.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

No publications provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00202878     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P04103
Study First Received: September 13, 2005
Last Updated: February 28, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.:
hypercholesterolemia
myocardial infarction
cholesterol
randomized controlled trials
acute coronary syndrome
angina

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypercholesterolemia
Infarction
Myocardial Infarction
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Hyperlipidemias
Dyslipidemias
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Necrosis
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Angina Pectoris
Chest Pain
Pain
Signs and Symptoms
Simvastatin
Ezetimibe
Hypolipidemic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Lipid Regulating Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Anticholesteremic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 22, 2014