MOTOR: Maternal Oral Therapy to Reduce Obstetric Risk
The purpose of this study is to determine whether maternal periodontal therapy (tooth cleaning) decreases the rate of preterm deliveries at <37 weeks gestation and to determine the effects of maternal periodontal therapy on the birth weight of infants born less than 37 weeks gestation.
Other: multi-center, randomized, controled periodontal therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||MOTOR: Maternal Oral Therapy to Reduce Obstetric Risk|
- Birth at less than 37 weeks gestational age [ Time Frame: 37 weeks gestational age ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2004|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Periodontal Treatment
maternal periodontal therapy
Other: multi-center, randomized, controled periodontal therapy
Other Name: Periodontal Therapy
Hide Detailed Description
The intervention is designed as a multi-center, randomized, controlled, clinical trial to determine the effects of periodontal therapy on the rate of preterm birth. Study participants will be assigned to one of two study arms. All pregnant women who present to the designated Obstetrical (OB) clinics are potential subjects for this study. A total of 1800 patients will be enrolled at 3 performance sites, enrolling about 600 subjects at each site at a rate of about 171 subjects/year at each site, randomly assigning these subjects to one of 2 treatment arms. Randomization will be performed using a computer-generated assignment scheme designed and performed in a masked manner by the data coordinating center. Each performance site will enroll about 300 subjects into each treatment group using the intent-to-treat principle, obtaining follow-up on all subjects. In treatment Group 1 participants will be assigned to standard localized periodontal therapy of scaling and root planning with subgingival polishing between three and six months of gestation. Group 2 will receive the same local periodontal therapy immediately following delivery.
The dental examiner will not be aware of the randomization treatment assignments of participants until after a complete baseline periodontal examination has been conducted. The study protocol allows the dental examiner to know the treatment assignment of participants but this knowledge will not affect the assessment of the primary obstetric outcome of the study. OB personnel or individuals collecting OB data will be masked as to dental treatments. At delivery the second dental exam will be made without the examiner knowing the pregnancy outcome.
PRIMARY/SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES:
The primary outcome is preterm delivery at less than 37 weeks gestational age, as determined by ultrasound dating. Secondary outcomes include (1) preterm delivery less than 35 weeks, (2) weight for gestational age, and (3) neonatal morbidity/mortality. It is our central hypothesis that mothers with periodontitis that receive periodontal treatment during the second trimester of pregnancy will experience a lower rate of preterm delivery at <37 weeks and secondarily <35 weeks; that periodontal treatment of these pregnant mothers will result in an increase in the weight for gestational age of deliveries occurring less than 37 weeks gestational age and reduce neonatal morbidity and mortality. We will determine the effects of periodontal therapy on the rate of preterm birth at GA<37 weeks as the principal outcome and on mean birth weight among neonates with GA<35 weeks, as a secondary outcome adjusting for race, gender and gestational age.
POTENTIAL CONFOUNDERS AND COVARIATES:
There are many potential risk factors that relate to preterm birth and growth restriction that need to be considered in this investigation. There are also exposures, effect modifiers and covariates that influence periodontal disease status and preterm birth. Data will be collected on the major variables of interest to include race, age, smoking, previous preterm delivery, first births, bacterial vaginosis, chorioamnionitis, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), antibiotic usage, socioeconomic status (SES) and substance abuse. In addition we will measure fetal fibronectin and collect vaginal smears to examine for potential subclinical vaginosis. Detailed information will be collected on these potential factors and used to assure that randomization has effectively balanced risk between treatment arms and to permit post-hoc assessments.
PLAN FOR MONITORING:
There will be an administrative Steering committee consisting of the Obstetric and Periodontal Principal Investigator(PI) from each clinical site, the NIDCR co-investigators and the Data and Statistical Coordinating Center (DSCC) investigators. The Steering committee will meet twice the first year and once a year thereafter. Study coordinators will also attend one of the two annual meetings. Data will be collected on dental, obstetric and neonatal outcomes by the data & statistical coordinating center, monitoring weekly for adverse events. The DSCC will be collating adverse events and safety data centrally to provide safety assessment reports to the DSMB. The DSMB will monitor outcomes and adverse events and assure maternal and infant safety and provide feedback to NIDCR every 6 months or as needed.
The dental examiner will conduct a comprehensive oral soft tissue (cancer screening) and periodontal examination at baseline and at post partum. Following enrollment mothers will be followed up by, OB surveillance through parturition, a post-delivery dental follow-up and neonatal surveillance that includes chart review after discharge. All of these provide an opportunity to detect and monitor adverse events. All reported and observed serious adverse events will be documented on an adverse event case report form describing the onset, duration, severity, assessment of causality and relationship to treatment intervention. This will be followed until resolution. A member of the investigative team will review subject's OB charts on a weekly basis to note any adverse events or treatment provided (outside of routine). In addition all neonatal discharge summary findings will be collected to monitor any adverse neonatal morbidity such as neonatal sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis. Any dental treatment will be noted in the subject's clinical record to be reviewed by the dental examiner.
PLAN FOR DATA ANALYSIS:
The details of the analysis plan appear in the body of the protocol, and are summarized here. The incidence of preterm birth as the principal outcome will be evaluated using a chi-square test. Approximately 240 cases are expected at gestational age (GA)<35 weeks. Success of randomization for possible confounders will be evaluated by logistic regression models. Significance will be indicated by an alpha level of 0.05. Mean birth weight among preterm babies will be analyzed for correlations and significant differences between study arms using a non-parametric test (Kruskal-Wallis test) Parametric (regression) models will be used to adjust for gestational age and other factors.]. Analyses will be conducted using the intent to treat philosophy. Data will be collected on a series of potential risk factors, covariates, confounders and effect modifiers that may influence the primary and secondary outcomes or periodontal status. Any unbalanced distribution of risks or exposures will be included in the regression model analysis. Adverse event data will be reported regularly. Interim analyses for efficacy will be conducted after 600 and 1200 completed pregnancies.
|United States, North Carolina|
|University of North Carolina|
|Chapel Hill,, North Carolina, United States, 27599-7450|
|Principal Investigator:||Steven Offenbacher, DDS PhD MMS||University of North Carolina|