Cholinergic Modulation of Condition and Emotion in Mood Disorders: Functional Neuroimaging Studies

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2014 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00055575
First received: March 6, 2003
Last updated: June 10, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

This study looks at the role of a specific brain chemical system in the mood and attention symptoms seen in major depression and bipolar disorders using functional brain imaging.


Condition Intervention
Mood Disorders
Healthy
Unipolar Depression
Bipolar Depression
Drug: Transderm Scopolamine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Cholinergic Modulation of Cognition and Emotion in Mood Disorders: Functional Neuroimaging Studies

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of the antidepressant effects of the antimuscarinic agent scopolamine [ Time Frame: 5 to 10 years ]

Estimated Enrollment: 388
Study Start Date: February 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Intervention Details:
    Drug: Transderm Scopolamine
    N/A
  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:
  1. Objective

    The goal of this research project is to evaluate the role of the cholinergic system in behavioral and cognitive symptoms observed in mood disorders in humans, using functional brain neuroimaging techniques. Specific aspects of behavior and cognition are impaired in mood disorders, including selective attention, set-shifting and memory; and there is also evidence that depressed subjects exhibit a mood congruent processing bias whereby they more readily process negatively toned information as compared to positively toned information. This cognitive pattern lends itself to evaluation with functional brain imaging, both in terms of identifying the anatomical correlates of the specific behavioral and cognitive deficits as well as characterizing the effects of pharmacological manipulation.

    Attention and memory functions are closely tied to the cholinergic neurotransmitter system. The cholinergic system is one of the neurotransmitter systems implicated in the pathophysiology of mood disorders. Evidence suggests that during major depressive episodes, the cholinergic system is hypersensitive to acetylcholine. Agents that enhance muscarinic cholinergic receptor function increase depressive symptoms in depressed subjects, and can produce symptoms of depression in healthy subjects. The preclinical literature more specifically implicates the muscarinic receptors and indicates that the use of muscarinic antagonists, in the context of animal models of depression, results in improvement in the behavioral analogs of depression.

  2. Study Population

    The accrual ceiling for this protocol is 388 participants. 143 currently depressed patients with major depressive disorder, 100 currently depressed patients with bipolar disorder, and 145 healthy controls will participate in this study.

  3. Design

    The antimuscarinic agent, scopolamine, will be administered in a double-blind, placebo controlled manner across all studies. Clinical ratings, cognitive tasks and neuroimaging will be conducted at various timepoints to evaluate the clinical effects of scopolamine on depression, to assess the acute mood response to scopolamine; and to study the neurobiological correlates of the clinical and behavioral drug effects.

  4. Outcome Measures

The proposed inpatient or outpatient project investigates the role of cholinergic neurotransmission in the behavioral and cognitive symptoms observed in the depressed phase of both major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). The studies proposed here will identify anatomical correlates of the mood congruent processing bias, working memory, attention and set-shifting deficits observed in depressed subjects. Further, these studies will evaluate the effects of the cholinergic antagonist, scopolamine, both on the performance deficits and on neural activity in brain regions recruited as subjects perform these tasks.

Dose escalation studies will be conducted to determine if higher doses of scopolamine will increase the antidepressant response rate in patients with major depressive disorder. Based on earlier work showing the predictive value in baseline neuroimaging data to predict treatment outcome, we will stratify participants at baseline into groups based on expected response to scopolamine treatment.

This approach is expected to reveal how neuromodulators influence processing in brain structures recruited to perform these tasks, both in healthy subjects and in major depressive disorders. The combined use of functional brain imaging and pharmacological manipulation to evaluate the role of neurotransmitter dysfunction in depression may direct us to potential therapeutic approaches.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD):

  • Age 18-55
  • Current diagnosis of MDD, as defined by DSM-IV criteria for recurrent MDD
  • Current depressive episode
  • Current IDS score in the moderately-to-severely depressed range
  • Right handed
  • Able to provide informed consent

Patients with Bipolar Disorder (BD):

  • Age 18-55
  • Current diagnosis of bipolar disorder, as defined by DSM-IV
  • Current depressive episode
  • Current IDS score in the moderately-to-severely depressed range
  • Right handed
  • Able to provide informed consent

Healthy Controls:

  • Age 18-55
  • Able to provide informed consent
  • Medically healthy

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Patients MDD & BD:

  • Serious suicidal ideation or behavior (with a current plan or intent), or current delusions or hallucinations
  • Medical or neurological illnesses likely to affect physiology or anatomy
  • History of drug or alcohol abuse within 1 year or a lifetime history of alcohol or drug dependence (DSM IV criteria)
  • Current or past history of other axis I disorders that preceded the onset of MDD or BD
  • Current pregnancy (documented by pregnancy testing within 24 hours prior to pilot studies and 24 hours prior to scanning)
  • Current breast feeding
  • General MRI exclusion criteria (including the presence of pacemakers, cochlear implants, surgical clips or metal fragments in their eyes or body parts)
  • Vision and/or hearing problems severe enough to interfere with testing
  • Electrocardiographic evidence of ischemia, arrhythmia, conduction defect, or myocardial infarction
  • Current blood pressure of > 140 mm Hg or < 90 mm Hg systolic, or > 90 mm Hg diastolic (due to the potential cardiovascular effects of scopolamine and physostigmine)
  • Clinically significant cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease, hypertension, congestive heart disease, angina pectoris, advanced arteriosclerosis, gross neurological impairment, hyperthyroidism, known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to anticholinergic agents, glaucoma, renal or hepatic impairment
  • Clinical history of glaucoma or narrow angle glaucoma (due to the possibility of exacerbation of this condition by scopolamine)
  • Age of onset greater than 45 years (to reduce the biological heterogeneity encompassed by the MDD and BD criteria, since subjects with a late age-at onset for depression have a far greater likelihood of having MRI correlates of cerebrovascular disease than age-matched, healthy controls or age-matched, early-onset depressives)
  • Exposure within two weeks to medications likely to effect cerebral blood flow and metabolism or likely to interact with anti-cholinergic medications (e.g. narcotics or anti-cholinergic agents)- as verified by history and urine drug screen
  • HIV positive status
  • Weight over 275 pounds

Healthy Controls:

  • Medical or neurological illness
  • Current pregnancy (documented by pregnancy testing within 24 hours prior to pilot studies and 24 hours prior to scanning)
  • Current breast feeding
  • General MRI exclusion criteria (including the presence of pacemakers, cochlear implants, surgical clips or metal fragments in their eyes or body parts)
  • Vision and/or hearing problems severe enough to interfere with testing
  • Electrocardiographic evidence of ischemia, arrhythmia, conduction defect, or myocardial infarction
  • Current blood pressure of > 140 mm Hg or < 90 mm Hg systolic, or > 90 mm Hg diastolic (due to the potential cardiovascular effects of scopolamine and physostigmine)
  • Clinically significant cerebrovascular or cardiovascular disease, hypertension, congestive heart disease, angina pectoris, advanced arteriosclerosis, gross neurological impairment, hyperthyroidism, known hypersensitivity or idiosyncrasy to anticholinergic agents, glaucoma, renal or hepatic impairment
  • Clinical history of glaucoma or narrow angle glaucoma (due to the possibility of exacerbation of this condition by scopolamine)
  • HIV positive status
  • Weight over 275 pounds

For BD patients being recruited for the scopolamine efficacy trial, they may forgo imaging and thus will not be excluded for imaging related exclusion criteria (including general MRI exclusion criteria and vision and/or hearing problems).

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00055575

Contacts
Contact: Maura L Furey, Ph.D. (301) 594-7773 mfurey@mail.nih.gov

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010    prpl@mail.cc.nih.gov   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Maura L Furey, Ph.D. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00055575     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 030108, 03-M-0108
Study First Received: March 6, 2003
Last Updated: June 10, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Scopolamine
Depression
fMRI
Cognition
Emotion
Brain
Bipolar Disorder
Major Depressive Disorder
MDD
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Mood Disorders
Disease
Behavioral Symptoms
Mental Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Cholinergic Agents
Butylscopolammonium Bromide
Scopolamine Hydrobromide
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Parasympatholytics
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Muscarinic Antagonists
Cholinergic Antagonists
Adjuvants, Anesthesia
Central Nervous System Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Mydriatics

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 19, 2014