Study of Systemic and Spinal Chemotherapy Followed by Radiation for Infants With Brain Tumors (BB'98)
The purposes of this study are to find the highest dose of mafosfamide that can be given without causing severe side effects, to see how well the combination of these chemotherapy drugs and lower doses of radiation work to delay or stop the growth of the tumor, and to evaluate the pharmacokinetics (how the body handles) of Mafosfamide.
Drug: Induction therapy (Regimen 1, Course 1, Cycle A1
Drug: Regimen 1, Course 1, Cycle A2 (Days 22 - 42)
Drug: Cycle B
Drug: Regimen 1, Course 2
Drug: Intrathecal Mafosfamide
Drug: Regimen 1 Course 2, IT mafosfamide
Drug: Regimen 2, Course 1
Drug: Regimen 2, Course, 1, Cycle C1
Drug: Regimen 2, Course 2
Radiation: radiation therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Pilot Study of Systemic and Intrathecal Chemotherapy Followed by Conformal Radiation for Infants With Brain Tumors|
- To evaluate the feasibility, including expected disease progression, of delivering 20 weeks of systemic chemotherapy plus (IT) mafosfamide. [ Time Frame: 20 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- To evaluate the safety and feasibility of a limited dose escalation schedule of IT mafosfamide in children < 3 years of age. [ Time Frame: 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
|Study Start Date:||April 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2006|
|Primary Completion Date:||December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Drug: Induction therapy (Regimen 1, Course 1, Cycle A1
2-8 hrs: Cisplatin 3.5 mg/kg + mannitol 0.4 g/kg in D5 NS (1000 ml/m2) over 6 hrs at approximately 167ml/m2/hr. 8-12 hrs: D5 NS (665 ml/m2) + KCl (2 mEq/100 ml) +MgSO4 (0.5 mEq/100 ml) at approximately 167ml/m2/hr.
12-24 hrs: D5 NS + KCl (2 mEq/100 ml) + MgSO4 (0.5mEq/100 ml) at approximately 65 ml/m2/hr.
Days 2,3: 0 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg of IVF over 15 min 15 min: Cyclophosphamide 30 mg/kg IV over 30 min 45 min: Post-chemotherapy hydration - D5 1/2 NS + KCl(1 mEq/100 ml) at approximately 130 ml/m2/hr for at least 24 hours.
3 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min 6 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min 9 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min 12 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min Day 4 G-CSF 5 µg/kg subcutaneously, daily until ANC ≥ 2000 on two consecutive days, post ANC nadir.
Day 8: Vincristine 0.05 mg/kg IV push (max dose = 2 mg) Day 15: Vincristine 0.05 mg/kg IV push (max dose = 2 mg)
Days 43 - 63) Etoposide, 1.7 mg/kg p.o. qd x 21 days. The dose will be diluted immediately prior to administration in juice flavored syrup to a final concentration of 0.4 Each dose should be aken 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.
Cycle B begins following recovery from Cycle A2; however, it begin no sooner than 21 days after the start of Cycle A2.
Monitor weekly CBC/diff/plt. If ANC < 500/mm3 or platelets (unsupported) < 50,000/mm3 then discontinue etoposide. A 25% reduction should be made for the next cycle of oral etoposide.
Interim Response Evaluation (Days 64 - 70) Interim Response Evaluation should be performed the week following the completion of Course 1.
Regimen 1, Course 2 The assigned dose is administered once with IV cyclophosphamide during each of Cycle A1 and Cycle A2, and day 1 of Cycle B for a total of 3 doses during Course 2.
Patients with an initially abnormal flow study, who show no evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus or compartmentalization on the repeat study, may begin intrathecal mafosfamide administration with the initiation of Regimen 1, Course 2. The frequency of intrathecal mafosfamide administration, for such patients, will be as outlined in Regimen 1, Course
Cycle C1 (Days 1 - 21) Day 1: Prehydrate with D5W 1/2 NS + KCl 2 mEq/100 ml) at 2 times the hourly maintenance rate until the urine specific gravity is < 1.012.
0 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV over 15 min. Dilute in 0.65 ml/kg IVF. 15 min: Vincristine 0.05 mg/kg IV push (Day 1 only)(max dose = 2 mg) 20 min: Cyclophosphamide 30 mg/kg IV over 30 min. 50 min: Post-chemotherapy hydration - D5 1/2 NS + KCl
(1 mEq/100 ml) at twice the hourly maintenance rate for at least 24 hours. 3 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min 6 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min 9 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min 12 hrs: Mesna 6 mg/kg IV in 0.65 ml/kg IVF over 15 min Day 2: Repeat day 1, but omit vincristine. Day 3: G-CSF 5 µg/kg/day subcutaneously, daily, until ANC is > 2000 on two consecutive days, post ANC nadir.
Cycle C1, Weeks 2 and 3 Day 8: Vincristine 0.05 mg/kg IV push (max dose = 2 mg) Day 15: Vincristine 0.05 mg/kg IV push (max dose = 2 mg) Cycle C2 (Days 22-42) Drugs and doses are same as in Cycle C1. Cycle C2 begins following recovery from Cycle C1, but no sooner than day 21. Patients with delays in recovery beyond day 28 should have dose modificationsCycle D (Days 43 - 63) Etoposide 1.7 mg/kg, po qd x 21 days The dose will be diluted immediately prior to administration in juice or flavored syrup as per section 3.4.3. Each dose should be taken 1 hour before or 2 hours after a meal.
Cycle D should begin following recovery from Cycle C2; however, it should begin no sooner than 21 days after the start of Cycle C2.
Conformal Irradiation Patients who are initially M0 with a CR, PR, or SD to Regimen 1 induction chemotherapy (with or without second surgery) will receive local irradiation using conformal techniques. Treatment will commence within 2 weeks of completing Regimen 1 or second surgery. Treatment planning and technique may involve 3D conformal,IMRT, or proton planning and delivery, provided the guidelines regarding volume, dose,and normal tissue restrictions are honored.
8.3.1 Fraction Size 180 cGy fractions will be used for all target volumes. 8.3.2 Fractionation Conventional fractionation will be used. Treatments will be given once daily, 5 days/week except for necessary interruptions secondary to medical or administrative reasons.
All children in the study will receive Regimen 1 chemotherapy. Children whose tumor is limited to one area at the beginning of the study will go on to have radiation therapy and then Regimen 2 chemotherapy. Children whose tumor was found in more than one part of the brain or in the cerebrospinal fluid at the beginning of the study will discontinue their treatment on this protocol after Regimen 1 chemotherapy.
Regimen 1 Chemotherapy - Those children with a normal CSF flow study at the beginning of the study will receive Regimen 1 chemotherapy along with mafosfamide. Those children with an abnormal CSF flow study will receive Regimen 1 without mafosfamide and a repeat CSF flow study will be performed at the completion of the first 10 weeks of treatment. If the CSF study reflects normal CSF flow, then intrathecal mafosfamide will be given during the second 10 weeks of Regimen 1. Regimen 1 is divided into two courses. Each course lasts about 10 weeks, for a total of 20 weeks of treatment. During Regimen 1 the patient will receive three medications (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and cisplatin) that are given through the central venous line. The patient will also receive one medication that is given by mouth (etoposide). Cyclophosphamide, vincristine, cisplatin, and etoposide are all anticancer drugs that have been useful in the treatment of brain tumors.
The experimental drug, mafosfamide, will be injected into the spinal fluid. This will be given through either a spinal tap, the Ommaya reservoir, or both. Alternating mafosfamide between the spinal tap and the Ommaya reservoir may improve how well the drug works by making sure it spreads throughout the spinal fluid. If the patient has a VP or VA shunt ( specialized devices that relieve the pressure inside the head that comes from a block in the normal flow of spinal fluid), then the patient will not receive an Ommaya reservoir, and all doses of mafosfamide will be given through a spinal tap only.
The starting dose of mafosfamide will be a dose that has been safely given to older children. If that dose does not cause severe side effects, the next group of patients will receive a higher dose of mafosfamide. If severe side effects occur, the next group of patients will receive a lower dose of mafosfamide
During and at the end of Regimen 1, the patient will be evaluated for response of the brain tumor to treatment. A second operation may be necessary to remove more of the brain tumor. Children whose tumor had spread at the time they began this study have completed treatment at this point. Children whose tumor had not spread at start of the study will begin radiation therapy, if their tumor appears to be unchanged or shrinking after Regimen 1.
Radiation Therapy - The dose, location, and timing of radiation will depend on the age of the child at diagnosis, the location of his/her tumor, and the response of his/her tumor to Regimen 1 chemotherapy. The radiation treatments used in this protocol are designed in an attempt to reduce some of the side effects that usually occur after standard radiation therapy.
The child will receive radiation using a new technology called "conformal radiation". Conformal radiation is designed to reduce the amount of normal brain tissue that is exposed to high doses of radiation.
Regimen 2 Chemotherapy - After radiation therapy,the patient will receive additional chemotherapy, which will last about 20 weeks. Regimen 2 chemotherapy is the same as the Regimen 1 chemotherapy, except that the patient will not be given the drugs cisplatin and mafosfamide.
Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies will be performed with a total of 2 doses of intrathecal mafosfamide. PK studies tell us how the patient's body handles the study drug, mafosfamide. Sampling times (times when we collect cerebrospinal fluid for the PK studies) will be prior to drug administration and at 10 minutes, 2 hours, and 4 hours following drug administration. These studies will be performed after one dose of drug given through the spinal tap and after one dose of drug is given through the Ommaya reservoir. The pharmacokinetic study is optional and you can choose not to allow these samples to be drawn. Refusing the pharmacokinetic study will not affect the patient's participation/treatment on this study.
|United States, North Carolina|
|Brain Tumor Center at Duke University|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710|
|United States, Tennessee|
|St. Jude Children's Research Hospital|
|Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105-0318|
|United States, Texas|
|Texas Children's Hospital|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Principal Investigator:||Susan Blaney, MD||Baylor College of Medicine|