A Study of Valacyclovir as Treatment for Genital Herpes Simplex Virus in HIV-Infected Patients

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified July 2001 by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005663
First received: May 11, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: July 2001
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to see if valacyclovir (Valtrex) is a safe and effective treatment for ano-genital HSV infections (herpes simplex virus infections of the anus and external genitals) in HIV-infected patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
Herpes Simplex
HIV Infections
Herpes Genitalis
Drug: Valacyclovir hydrochloride
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An International, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Valacyclovir for the Suppression of Recurrent Ano-Genital HSV Infections in HIV-Infected Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

Study Start Date: June 1999
Detailed Description:

Patients are randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive either Valtrex or placebo, twice daily, for up to 6 months. Patients come to the clinic for routine monthly assessments for 6 months, and return to the clinic for evaluation within 24 hours of the first signs or symptoms of an ano-genital HSV recurrence. Once the clinician confirms the presence of at least the macular/papular lesion stage, double-blind suppressive therapy is discontinued and open-label treatment with a higher dose of Valtrex twice daily for 5 days is initiated. For the first recurrence, patients are instructed to return to the clinic for further clinical assessments on Day 5 of the recurrence. Patients who have not healed by Day 5 may be offered an additional five days of open-label treatment, as deemed appropriate by the clinical investigator. If an additional 5-day course of open-label treatment medication is dispensed, the patient returns to the clinic on Day 10 for evaluation. Patients who have not healed by Day 10 are managed as deemed appropriate by the investigator. Once treatment of the first ano-genital HSV recurrence is complete and the patient is healed, patients are switched to open-label suppressive therapy with Valtrex for the remainder of the study period (up to a maximum of 6 months). The total duration of the study for all patients is 6 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have herpes simplex virus (HSV) 2.
  • Have received combination anti-HIV therapy for at least 2 months before entering the study.
  • Have had 4 or more recurrences of ano-genital HSV (herpes infection of the anus and genitals) in the last 12 months. (If patient is taking medication to control HSV, then he/she must have had 4 or more recurrences of ano-genital HSV per year before beginning regular anti-HSV therapy, which is defined as therapy of 12 or more weeks.)
  • Agree to use effective methods of birth control from 2 weeks before taking study drug, throughout the study, and for 4 weeks after completing the study. (A female may be eligible if not able to have children.)

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have blood vessel disease.
  • Are sensitive to acyclovir, Valtrex, famciclovir, or ganciclovir.
  • Are unable to take medications by mouth.
  • Have non-healed sores on the anus or genitals at beginning of study.
  • Are using anti-herpes drugs. To be eligible for enrollment, patients currently using anti-herpes drugs must stop treatment with these drugs at the beginning of the study; however, therapy may be started again if the investigator finds it necessary.
  • Are using interferon. Patients receiving interferon must stop interferon before beginning the study.
  • Have kidney or liver problems.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Have a type of HSV that is resistant to acyclovir, Valtrex, famciclovir, or ganciclovir.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005663

  Show 24 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Glaxo Wellcome
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005663     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 104C, HS230018
Study First Received: May 11, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Herpes Simplex
Antiviral Agents
Anus Diseases
Herpes Genitalis
Recurrence
valacyclovir

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Communicable Diseases
Herpes Genitalis
Herpes Simplex
HIV Infections
Infection
DNA Virus Infections
Genital Diseases, Female
Genital Diseases, Male
Herpesviridae Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Skin Diseases
Skin Diseases, Infectious
Skin Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Acyclovir
Valacyclovir
Anti-Infective Agents
Antiviral Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 23, 2014