Central Vein Occlusion Study (CVOS)
To determine whether photocoagulation therapy can help prevent iris neovascularization in eyes with central vein occlusion (CVO) and evidence of ischemic retina.
To assess whether grid-pattern photocoagulation therapy will reduce loss of central visual acuity due to macular edema secondary to CVO.
To develop new data describing the course and prognosis for eyes with CVO.
Retinal Vein Occlusion
Procedure: Photocoagulation Therapy
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Study Start Date:||August 1988|
|Study Completion Date:||February 1994|
Central vein occlusion is a common retinal vascular disorder with potentially blinding complications. The two major complications are reduced central vision caused by macular edema and neovascular glaucoma caused by iris neovascularization. Other clinical trials have shown that laser photocoagulation is an effective treatment for complications found in diabetic retinopathy and branch vein occlusion, which have some features in common with CVO: neovascularization and reduced visual acuity caused by macular edema occur in all three disorders. Evidence from small-scale studies suggests that a grid pattern of photocoagulation reduces macular edema in CVO patients, although the associated changes in visual acuity are variable. The CVOS is a detailed investigation of grid pattern photocoagulation in a larger randomized group of patients.
Eligible patients were divided into four groups:
Group N: Eyes with extensive retinal ischemia (at least 10 disc areas of nonperfusion) were randomly assigned to receive panretinal photocoagulation or nontreatment unless iris neovascularization developed.
Group M: Eyes with visual loss ascribable to macular edema were randomly assigned to receive grid-pattern photocoagulation or nontreatment.
Group P: Eyes with relatively perfused retinas were followed to provide information about the natural history of the disease.
Group I: Indeterminate eyes in which the retina could not be visualized accurately because of hemorrhage were followed in a natural history study.
Green argon laser with a slit lamp delivery system was used for all treatments. Photographic documentation of retinal changes was obtained at entry, post-treatment, and at specified followup visits for a period of at least 3 years. The frequency of followup visits varied according to the group to which the CVO patient was assigned. Visual acuity, the primary outcome factor in the group with macular edema, was measured according to a modified Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study protocol at each visit.