Bioequivalence Study of Fixed-dose Combinations and Coadministered Individual Tablets of Saxagliptin/Metformin-Brazil

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AstraZeneca
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01365091
First received: May 16, 2011
Last updated: August 16, 2013
Last verified: August 2013
Results First Received: March 20, 2013  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study;   Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment;   Masking: Open Label
Condition: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Interventions: Drug: Saxagliptin/metformin fixed-dose combination (FDC)
Drug: Saxagliptin
Drug: Metformin extended-release (XR)
Drug: Saxagliptin/Metformin FDC
Drug: Metformin

  Participant Flow
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Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
No text entered.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Arm 1: Treatments A/B, B/A

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC) in the fasted state (Treatment A), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Then, participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5-mg, and metformin extended-release (XR), 500-mg, tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment B). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin XR, 500-mg tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment B), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Then, participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg FDC, in the fasted state (Treatment A).

Arm 2: Treatments C/D, D/C

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC), in the fed state (Treatment C), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Then, participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg, and metformin extended-release (XR), 500-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment D). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metforminXR, 500-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment D), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg FDC, in the fed state (Treatment C).

Arm 3:Treatments E/ F, F/E

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC), in the fasted state (Treatment E), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin extended-release (XR), 1000-mg tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment F). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5- mg and metformin XR, 1000-mg tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment F), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg FDC, in the fasted state (Treatment E).

Arm 4: Treatments G/ H, H/G

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin , 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC), in the fed state (Treatment G), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin extended-release (XR), 1000-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment H). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin XR, 1000-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment H), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg FDC, in the fed state (Treatment G).


Participant Flow for 2 periods

Period 1:   Period 1
    Arm 1: Treatments A/B, B/A     Arm 2: Treatments C/D, D/C     Arm 3:Treatments E/ F, F/E     Arm 4: Treatments G/ H, H/G  
STARTED     28     28     28     28  
COMPLETED     26     26     25     25  
NOT COMPLETED     2     2     3     3  
Adverse Event                 1                 0                 2                 3  
Positive test result for drugs of abuse                 1                 0                 0                 0  
No longer met study criteria                 0                 1                 0                 0  
Withdrawal by Subject                 0                 1                 0                 0  
Personal reasons                 0                 0                 1                 0  

Period 2:   Period 2
    Arm 1: Treatments A/B, B/A     Arm 2: Treatments C/D, D/C     Arm 3:Treatments E/ F, F/E     Arm 4: Treatments G/ H, H/G  
STARTED     26     26     25     25  
COMPLETED     25     26     24     25  
NOT COMPLETED     1     0     1     0  
Withdrawal by Subject                 1                 0                 0                 0  
Adverse Event                 0                 0                 1                 0  



  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Arm 1: Treatments A/B, B/A

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC) in the fasted state (Treatment A), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Then, participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5-mg, and metformin extended-release (XR), 500-mg, tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment B). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin XR, 500-mg tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment B), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Then, participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg FDC, in the fasted state (Treatment A).

Arm 2: Treatments C/D, D/C

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC), in the fed state (Treatment C), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Then, participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg, and metformin extended-release (XR), 500-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment D). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metforminXR, 500-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment D), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 500 mg FDC, in the fed state (Treatment C).

Arm 3:Treatments E/ F, F/E

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC), in the fasted state (Treatment E), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin extended-release (XR), 1000-mg tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment F). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received single oral doses of saxagliptin, 5- mg and metformin XR, 1000-mg tablets together in the fasted state (Treatment F), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg FDC, in the fasted state (Treatment E).

Arm 4: Treatments G/ H, H/G

Period 1: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin , 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg fixed-dose combination (FDC), in the fed state (Treatment G), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin extended-release (XR), 1000-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment H). Followed by a washout period of at least 4 days.

Period 2: Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5-mg and metformin XR, 1000-mg tablets together in the fed state (Treatment H), followed by a washout period of at least 7 days. Participants received a single oral dose of saxagliptin, 5 mg/metformin, 1000 mg FDC, in the fed state (Treatment G).

Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
    Arm 1: Treatments A/B, B/A     Arm 2: Treatments C/D, D/C     Arm 3:Treatments E/ F, F/E     Arm 4: Treatments G/ H, H/G     Total  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
  28     28     28     28     112  
Age, Customized  
[units: Participants]
         
<=18 years     0     0     0     0     0  
Between 18 and 55 years     28     28     28     28     112  
>=55 years     0     0     0     0     0  
Gender, Customized [1]
[units: Participants]
         
Both genders     28     28     28     28     112  
[1] The clinical study report (CSR) stated only that participants of both genders were enrolled. The CSR did not report the number of each gender enrolled.



  Outcome Measures
  Show All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Maximum Observed Concentrations (Cmax) of Metformin, Saxagliptin, and 5-Hydroxy (5-OH) Saxagliptin as a Fixed-dose Combination (FDC) and as Individual Tablets   [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2, and 3 of Periods 1 and 2 ]

2.  Primary:   AUC From Time 0 to Time of the Last Quantifiable Concentration (AUC[0-T])of Metformin, Saxagliptin, and 5-Hydroxy (5-OH) Saxagliptin as a Fixed-dose Combination (FDC) and as Individual Tablets   [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2, and 3 of Periods 1 and 2 ]

3.  Primary:   AUC From Time 0 Extrapolated to Infinite Time (AUC[0-inf]) for Metformin, Saxagliptin, and 5-Hydroxy (5-OH) Saxagliptin as a Fixed-dose Combination (FDC) and as Individual Tablets   [ Time Frame: Days 1, 2, and 3 of Periods 1 and 2 ]

4.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Death as Outcome and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs)   [ Time Frame: Continuously, from screening through Day 1 to within 30 days of drug discontinuation on Day 1 ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  More Information
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Certain Agreements:  
Principal Investigators are NOT employed by the organization sponsoring the study.
There IS an agreement between Principal Investigators and the Sponsor (or its agents) that restricts the PI's rights to discuss or publish trial results after the trial is completed.
The agreement is:
unchecked The only disclosure restriction on the PI is that the sponsor can review results communications prior to public release and can embargo communications regarding trial results for a period that is less than or equal to 60 days. The sponsor cannot require changes to the communication and cannot extend the embargo.
unchecked The only disclosure restriction on the PI is that the sponsor can review results communications prior to public release and can embargo communications regarding trial results for a period that is more than 60 days but less than or equal to 180 days. The sponsor cannot require changes to the communication and cannot extend the embargo.


Limitations and Caveats
Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
No text entered.  


Results Point of Contact:  
Name/Title: Bristol-Myers Squibb Study Director
Organization: Bristol-Myers Squibb
e-mail: Clinical.Trials@bms.com


No publications provided


Responsible Party: Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01365091     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CV181-162
Study First Received: May 16, 2011
Results First Received: March 20, 2013
Last Updated: August 16, 2013
Health Authority: Brazil: Ethics Committee
Brazil: National Health Surveillance Agency