A Safety and Efficacy Study of Canagliflozin in Older Patients (55 to 80 Years of Age) With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Research & Development, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01106651
First received: April 1, 2010
Last updated: September 24, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
Results First Received: April 1, 2013  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator);   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition: Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Interventions: Drug: Canagliflozin 100 mg
Drug: Canagliflozin 300 mg
Drug: Antihyperglycemic agent(s)
Drug: Placebo

  Participant Flow


  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
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Reporting Groups
  Description
Placebo Each patient received matching placebo once daily for 104 weeks with/without stable doses of antihyperglycemic agent(s) taken at the time of study entry.
Canagliflozin 100 mg Each patient received 100 mg of canagliflozin once daily for 104 weeks with/without stable doses of antihyperglycemic agent(s) taken at the time of study entry.
Canagliflozin 300 mg Each patient received 300 mg of canagliflozin once daily for 104 weeks with/without stable doses of antihyperglycemic agent(s) taken at the time of study entry.
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
    Placebo     Canagliflozin 100 mg     Canagliflozin 300 mg     Total  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
  237     241     236     714  
Age  
[units: participants]
       
<=18 years     0     0     0     0  
Between 18 and 65 years     151     141     149     441  
>=65 years     86     100     87     273  
Age  
[units: years]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
  63.2  ± 6.21     64.3  ± 6.46     63.4  ± 5.99     63.6  ± 6.24  
Gender  
[units: participants]
       
Female     94     117     107     318  
Male     143     124     129     396  
Region of Enrollment  
[units: participants]
       
AUSTRALIA     6     6     11     23  
CANADA     24     32     28     84  
COLOMBIA     18     15     20     53  
FRANCE     2     2     3     7  
GREECE     1     1     1     3  
HONG KONG     1     1     2     4  
INDIA     8     3     11     22  
NEW ZEALAND     16     10     11     37  
POLAND     11     12     14     37  
ROMANIA     8     10     7     25  
SOUTH AFRICA     9     12     10     31  
SPAIN     2     3     8     13  
SWEDEN     4     4     2     10  
SWITZERLAND     2     2     0     4  
UKRAINE     3     8     3     14  
UNITED KINGDOM     19     22     8     49  
UNITED STATES     103     98     97     298  



  Outcome Measures
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1.  Primary:   Change in HbA1c From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

2.  Secondary:   Percentage of Patients With HbA1c <7% at Week 26   [ Time Frame: Week 26 ]

3.  Secondary:   Change in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

4.  Secondary:   Percent Change in Body Weight From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

5.  Secondary:   Change in Total Fat From Baseline to Week 26 in a Subset of Patients Undergoing Specific Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) Analysis for Body Composition   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

6.  Secondary:   Change in Region Percent Total Fat From Baseline to Week 26 in a Subset of Patients Undergoing Specific Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) Analysis for Body Composition   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

7.  Secondary:   Change in Tissue Percent Total Fat From Baseline to Week 26 in a Subset of Patients Undergoing Specific Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) Analysis for Body Composition   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

8.  Secondary:   Change in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

9.  Secondary:   Percent Change in Triglycerides From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

10.  Secondary:   Percent Change in High-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

11.  Secondary:   Percent Change in Lumbar Spine Bone Mineral Density (BMD) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

12.  Secondary:   Percent Change in Distal Forearm Bone Mineral Density (BMD) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

13.  Secondary:   Percent Change in Femoral Neck Bone Mineral Density (BMD) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]

14.  Secondary:   Percent Change in Total Hip Bone Mineral Density (BMD) From Baseline to Week 26   [ Time Frame: Day 1 (Baseline) and Week 26 ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
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Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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