A Study of MVA85A in Healthy Infants

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
University of Oxford
University of Cape Town
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aeras
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00953927
First received: July 31, 2009
Last updated: February 4, 2014
Last verified: February 2014
Results First Received: October 23, 2013  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor);   Primary Purpose: Prevention
Condition: Tuberculosis
Interventions: Biological: MVA85A/AERAS-485
Biological: Candida Skin Test Antigen

  Participant Flow
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Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
No text entered.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Investigational Vaccine MVA85A/AERAS-485; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.
Control Group Candida Skin Test Antigen control; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.

Participant Flow:   Overall Study
    Investigational Vaccine     Control Group  
STARTED     1399     1398  
COMPLETED     1294     1303  
NOT COMPLETED     105     95  
Lost to Follow-up                 61                 65  
Withdrawal by Subject                 36                 25  
Death                 7                 4  
Other study discontinuation                 1                 1  



  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Intent to treat population

Reporting Groups
  Description
Investigational Vaccine MVA85A/AERAS-485; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.
Control Group Candida Skin Test Antigen control; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
    Investigational Vaccine     Control Group     Total  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
  1399     1398     2797  
Age  
[units: participants]
     
<=18 years     1399     1398     2797  
Between 18 and 65 years     0     0     0  
>=65 years     0     0     0  
Age  
[units: years]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
  .401  ± .039     .399  ± .037     .400  ± .038  
Gender  
[units: participants]
     
Female     691     682     1373  
Male     708     716     1424  
Region of Enrollment  
[units: participants]
     
South Africa     1399     1398     2797  



  Outcome Measures
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1.  Primary:   To Evaluate the Safety Profile of MVA85A/AERAS-485 in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) -Vaccinated, HIV-negative Infants.   [ Time Frame: AEs recorded 28 days post-vaccination; SAEs recorded for entire study period. ]
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Measure Type Primary
Measure Title To Evaluate the Safety Profile of MVA85A/AERAS-485 in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) -Vaccinated, HIV-negative Infants.
Measure Description Adverse events (AE) were collected for 28 days after vaccination. The subject's parent or guardian recorded information regarding occurrences of solicited adverse events in diary cards through 7 days after vaccination. Serious adverse events (SAE) were collected from the time of study vaccine dosing throughout the entire study. A safety cohort (the first 330 infants enrolled) also had serum chemistry and hematology testing up to 28 days post-vaccination.
Time Frame AEs recorded 28 days post-vaccination; SAEs recorded for entire study period.  
Safety Issue Yes  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
All subjects vaccinated.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Investigational Vaccine MVA85A/AERAS-485; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.
Control Group Candida Skin Test Antigen control; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.

Measured Values
    Investigational Vaccine     Control Group  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  1399     1396  
To Evaluate the Safety Profile of MVA85A/AERAS-485 in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) -Vaccinated, HIV-negative Infants.  
[units: percentage of all subjects vaccinated]
Number ( 95% Confidence Interval )
  95.9  
  ( 94.7 to 96.8 )  
  83.7  
  ( 81.7 to 85.6 )  

No statistical analysis provided for To Evaluate the Safety Profile of MVA85A/AERAS-485 in Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) -Vaccinated, HIV-negative Infants.



2.  Secondary:   To Evaluate the Efficacy of the MVA85A/AERAS-485 Vaccine Compared to Controls in Prevention of Tuberculosis Using an Endpoint Derived From Epidemiological Cohort Surveys in BCG Vaccinated Infants.   [ Time Frame: 15 to 36 months post-vaccination ]
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Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title To Evaluate the Efficacy of the MVA85A/AERAS-485 Vaccine Compared to Controls in Prevention of Tuberculosis Using an Endpoint Derived From Epidemiological Cohort Surveys in BCG Vaccinated Infants.
Measure Description The number (percentage) of subjects with a diagnosis of tuberculosis based on clinically-derived tuberculosis (TB) diagnostic criteria were summarized by treatment group for all subjects.
Time Frame 15 to 36 months post-vaccination  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Per protocol population

Reporting Groups
  Description
Investigational Vaccine MVA85A/AERAS-485; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.
Control Group Candida Skin Test Antigen control; subset into cohorts to explore different safety and immunogenicity tests.

Measured Values
    Investigational Vaccine     Control Group  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  1399     1395  
To Evaluate the Efficacy of the MVA85A/AERAS-485 Vaccine Compared to Controls in Prevention of Tuberculosis Using an Endpoint Derived From Epidemiological Cohort Surveys in BCG Vaccinated Infants.  
[units: participants with a diagnosis of TB]
  32     39  

No statistical analysis provided for To Evaluate the Efficacy of the MVA85A/AERAS-485 Vaccine Compared to Controls in Prevention of Tuberculosis Using an Endpoint Derived From Epidemiological Cohort Surveys in BCG Vaccinated Infants.



3.  Secondary:   To Evaluate the Immunogenicity of the MVA85A/AERAS-485 Vaccine Compared to Controls as Described by Flow Cytometric Intracellular Cytokine Staining of CD4 and CD8 T Cells.   [ Time Frame: 28 days post-vaccination ]

4.  Secondary:   To Evaluate the Immunogenicity of the MVA85A/AERAS-485 Vaccine Compared to Controls as Described by the ex Vivo Enzyme Linked Immunospot (ELISPOT) Test Used in Previous MVA85A/AERAS-485 Human Trials.   [ Time Frame: 7 days post-vaccination ]

5.  Secondary:   To Evaluate the Immunogenicity of the MVA85A/AERAS-485 Vaccine Compared to Controls as Described by the University of Capetown (UCT) Whole Blood Intracellular Cytokine Assay.   [ Time Frame: 28 days post-vaccination ]

6.  Secondary:   To Discover Correlates of Protection From Tuberculosis in Infants Vaccinated With MVA85A/AERAS-485.   [ Time Frame: 15 to 36 months post-vaccination ]

7.  Secondary:   To Evaluate the QuantiFERON Conversion Rate at Final Study Assessment in MVA85A/AERAS-485 Recipients Compared to Controls in Infants Without a Diagnosis of Tuberculosis During the Trial.   [ Time Frame: 15 to 36 months post-vaccination ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
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Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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