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A Phase II Study of Belatacept (BMS-224818) With a Steroid-free Regimen in Subjects Undergoing Kidney Transplantation

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bristol-Myers Squibb
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00455013
First received: March 30, 2007
Last updated: May 27, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
Results First Received: July 16, 2013  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Open Label;   Primary Purpose: Treatment
Condition: Disorder Related to Renal Transplantation
Interventions: Drug: Thymoglobulin
Drug: Belatacept
Drug: Sirolimus
Drug: Tacrolimus
Drug: Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)

  Participant Flow
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Recruitment Details
Key information relevant to the recruitment process for the overall study, such as dates of the recruitment period and locations
First 6 months (July 2007 to October 2008) assessed acute rejection of the renal transplant up to that time. All outcome measures were also assessed at 12 months post transplantation. Participants who wished to continue into the long term extension (LTE) signed a new consent form and were evaluated at 24, 36, and 48 Months post transplantation.

Pre-Assignment Details
Significant events and approaches for the overall study following participant enrollment, but prior to group assignment
Epstein-Barr virus positive recipients of renal allograft from living or deceased donor. Excluded if panel reactive antibodies greater than, equal to (>=) 50 % or prior graft loss due to acute rejection. 93 participants randomized; 89 transplanted/treated: (1) fever on the day of surgery, (1) problem with allograft, and (2) withdrawal of consent.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; intravenous infusion (IV) belatacept: 10 milligram per kilogram of weight (mg/kg) Day 1 (day of transplant) and Day 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2,4,6,8,10,12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g twice daily(BID). Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus. Background immunosuppressive medications: methylprednisolone administered as 500, 250, 125, and 60 mg IV on Days 1, 2, 3, 4; thymoglobulin 1.5 mg/kg IV infusion on Days 1 (day of transplant), 2, 3, 4, up to maximum dose of 6 mg/kg.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL) for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until 12 months. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF. Background immunosuppressive medications: methylprednisolone was administered as 500, 250, 125, and 60 mg IV on Days 1, 2, 3, 4, up to maximum dose of 6 mg/kg.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF 1g BID. Background immunosuppressive medications: methylprednisolone administered as 500, 250, 125, and 60 mg IV on Days 1, 2, 3, 4; thymoglobulin 1.5 mg/kg IV infusion on Days 1, 2, 3, 4 up to maximum dose of 6 mg/kg.

Participant Flow for 2 periods

Period 1:   Short Term Period
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
STARTED     33 [1]   26 [2]   30 [3]
COMPLETED     27 [4]   21 [5]   28 [6]
NOT COMPLETED     6     5     2  
Adverse Event                 2                 5                 0  
Withdrawal by Subject                 0                 0                 1  
Lack of Efficacy                 4                 0                 0  
Unspecified                 0                 0                 1  
[1] 35 randomized, 33 transplanted and treated.
[2] 27 randomized, 26 transplanted and treated.
[3] 31 randomized, 30 transplanted and treated
[4] 5 discontinued belatacept by Month 6 (1 more by Month 12), 2 switched from MMF to sirolimus.
[5] 5 discontinued belatacept by Month 6; 10 additional switched from sirolimus to MMF.
[6] 1 discontinued tacrolimus by Month 6 and 2 discontinued by Month 12 (1 more by Month 12)

Period 2:   Long Term Extension (LTE)
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
STARTED     27     19 [1]   27 [2]
COMPLETED     25     16     20  
NOT COMPLETED     2     3     7  
Adverse Event                 0                 1                 1  
Withdrawal by Subject                 1                 0                 1  
Death                 1                 1                 0  
No longer met criteria                 0                 0                 1  
Subject Request or refused                 0                 0                 3  
Poor non-compliance                 0                 1                 0  
non-specified                 0                 0                 1  
[1] 2 Participants chose not to enter the LTE.
[2] 1 Participant chose not to enter the LTE.



  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
All participants who received transplant and were treated with drug were analyzed up to Month 12 post transplant.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF     Total  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30     89  
Age  
[units: participants]
       
<=18 years     0     0     0     0  
Between 18 and 65 years     33     24     26     83  
>=65 years     0     2     4     6  
Age  
[units: years]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
  49.2  ± 11.1     52.7  ± 10.8     53.6  ± 13.2     51.7  ± 11.8  
Gender  
[units: participants]
       
Female     8     6     8     22  
Male     25     20     22     67  
Region of Enrollment  
[units: participants]
       
North America     22     16     20     58  
Europe     11     10     10     31  



  Outcome Measures
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1.  Primary:   Number of Participants With Acute Rejection (AR) of Transplant up to 6 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat (ITT) Population   [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Month 6 post-transplantation ]

Measure Type Primary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Acute Rejection (AR) of Transplant up to 6 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat (ITT) Population
Measure Description AR is clinicopathological event requiring clinical evidence and biopsy confirmation by central pathologist. One or more conditions were met and a renal biopsy revealed histologic evidence of rejection: unexplained rise of serum creatine (SCr) greater than or equal to 25% from baseline plus one or more of the following: unexplained decreased urine output; fever, graft tenderness; SCr that remained elevated 14 days post-transplantation and clinical suspicion of AR; other reason and participant treated for episode. Day 1=transplantation. Banff 97 working classification of kidney transplant pathology: Type I=tubulointerstitial AR without arteritis (IA: interstitial infiltration with >25% of parenchyma affected and moderate tubulitis with >4 mononuclear cells/tubular cross section; IB: >10 mononuclear cells; Type II vascular AR with (IA) intimal arteritis (IIA=mild - moderate; IIB=severe; Type III=severe rejection with transmural arterial changes, necrosis of smooth muscle cells.
Time Frame Day 1 to Month 6 post-transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Participants with more than one episode of AR were counted once only and the episode with the worst grade was used. For 95% Confidence Interval (CI) within each group, normal approximation was used if N greater than, or equal to (>=) 5. Otherwise, exact method was used. ITT population defined as all randomized and transplanted participants.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants With Acute Rejection (AR) of Transplant up to 6 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat (ITT) Population  
[units: participants]
     
Total Number of Participants with AR     4     1     1  
Mild Acute IA     0     0     0  
Mild Acute IB     0     0     0  
Moderate Acute IIA     2     0     1  
Moderate Acute IIB     1     1     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Acute Rejection (AR) of Transplant up to 6 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat (ITT) Population



2.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Month 12 post transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description AR defined as a clinicopathological event requiring clinical evidence and biopsy confirmation by central pathologist. One or more conditions were met and a renal biopsy revealed histologic evidence of rejection: unexplained rise of serum creatine (SCr) >= 25 % from baseline plus one or more of the following: unexplained decreased urine output; fever and graft tenderness; a SCr that remained elevated within 14 days after transplantation and clinical suspicion of AR; reason other than those listed and participant was treated for this episode. Day 1 was day of transplantation. Banff grade used Banff 97 working classification of kidney transplant pathology. ITT population was all randomized and transplanted participants.
Time Frame Day 1 to Month 12 post transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
For 95% CI within each group, normal approximation was used if N greater than, equal to 5. Otherwise, exact method was used.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
     
Total number of participants with AR     5     1     1  
Mild Acute IA     0     0     0  
Mild Acute IB     0     0     0  
Moderate Acute IIA     3     0     1  
Moderate Acute IIB     2     1     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population



3.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death up to Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Month 6 and Month 12 post transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death up to Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Graft loss was defined as either functional loss or physical loss. Functional loss was defined as either: sustained level of SCr greater than or equal to (>=) 6.0 mg/dL (530 micromoles/Liter; micromol/L) for >= 4 weeks as determined by the local laboratory; regularly scheduled dialysis treatments over a period of 56 days; impairment of renal function to such a degree that the participant undergoes re-transplant. Day 1 was day of transplantation. ITT population defined as all participants randomized and transplanted.
Time Frame Day 1 to Month 6 and Month 12 post transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Participants surviving with a functioning graft were 30, 24, 30 in belatacept/MMF, belatacept/sirolimus, tacrolimus/MMF arms, respectively. Participant who died had functioning graft at time of death.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death up to Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
     
Graft loss up to Month 6 post transplantation     1     1     0  
Graft loss up to Month 12 post transplantation     2     2     0  
Death up to Month 6 post transplantation     1     0     0  
Death up to Month 12 post transplantation     1     0     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death up to Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population



4.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 6 - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Month 6 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 6 - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Participants with graft loss or death prior to Month 6 were considered having an event of AR, therefore, the incidence of AR was reported as a composite of AR, death, and graft loss.
Time Frame Day 1 up to Month 6  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Intent to treat population included all randomized and transplanted participants.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 6 - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
  6     2     1  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 6 - Intent to Treat Population



5.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to Month 12 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Subjects with graft loss or death prior to Month 12 were considered having an event of AR, therefore, the incidence of AR was reported as a composite of AR, death, and graft loss.
Time Frame Day 1 up to Month 12  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
  7     3     1  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Composite of Death, Graft Loss and Acute Rejection up to Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population



6.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Delayed Graft Function - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: From Day 1 up to and including Day 8 post transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Delayed Graft Function - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Delayed graft function (DGF) is defined as participant requiring dialysis within the first week (Day 1-8) post transplantation. Participants losing their graft less than 48 hours post transplant and receiving chronic dialysis were not considered as having DGF. Day 1 was day of transplantation. Intent to treat population defined as all participants randomized and transplanted
Time Frame From Day 1 up to and including Day 8 post transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants With Delayed Graft Function - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
  6     4     2  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Delayed Graft Function - Intent to Treat Population



7.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With New Onset Diabetes Mellitus From Baseline to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 12 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With New Onset Diabetes Mellitus From Baseline to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description

Baseline defined as day before transplantation. A participant who did not have diabetes prior to randomization and received an antidiabetic medication for a duration of at least 30 days or a participant who meets the following criteria and did not have diabetes prior to randomization: Symptoms of diabetes plus casual plasma glucose (PG) concentration ≥ 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L); or fasting plasma glucose ≥ 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L); or 2-hour PG ≥ 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) during an oral glucose tolerance test and a confirmatory laboratory test based on measurements of venous PG must have been done on another day in the absence of unequivocal hyperglycemia accompanied by acute metabolic decompensation.

Intent to treat population included all participants randomized and transplanted.

Time Frame Baseline to Month 12  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
No text entered.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants With New Onset Diabetes Mellitus From Baseline to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
  0     2     1  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With New Onset Diabetes Mellitus From Baseline to Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population



8.  Secondary:   Number of Participants Who Used Anti-hypertension Medications at Baseline and at 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants Who Used Anti-hypertension Medications at Baseline and at 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Baseline was defined as day prior to transplantation. Number of anti-hypertension medications taken were categorized from 1 to 6 and greater than (>)6. Intent to treat population included all participants randomized and transplanted.
Time Frame Baseline and Month 12  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
ITT population, 33, 26, 30 for each arm, respectively, was used for each time point (baseline and Month 12). At baseline, 2 participants in each arm were not using at least one medication. 8, 6, and 10 participants in each arm respectively, were not using at least one medication at Month 12.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants Who Used Anti-hypertension Medications at Baseline and at 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
     
Total using at least 1 medication at baseline     31     24     28  
Total using at least 1 medication at Month 12     25     20     20  
Participants using 1 medication at baseline     10     9     5  
Participants using 1 medication at Month 12     11     5     4  
Participants using 2 medications at baseline     5     5     8  
Participants using 2 medications at Month 12     6     8     13  
Participants using 3 medications at baseline     8     5     8  
Participants using 3 medications at Month 12     6     5     0  
Participants using 4 medications at baseline     3     2     3  
Participants using 4 medications at Month 12     1     2     3  
Participants using 5 medications at baseline     3     1     2  
Participants using 5 medications at Month 12     0     0     0  
Participants using 6 medications at baseline     2     2     1  
Participants using 6 medications at Month 12     1     0     0  
Participants using >6 medications at baseline     0     0     1  
Participants using >6 medications at Month 12     0     0     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants Who Used Anti-hypertension Medications at Baseline and at 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population



9.  Secondary:   Mean Systolic, Diastolic and Arterial Blood Pressure at Baseline and Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Baseline and 12 months post transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Mean Systolic, Diastolic and Arterial Blood Pressure at Baseline and Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressures were measured in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). Baseline was defined as value obtained before transplantation. Intent to treat population included all participants randomized and transplanted.
Time Frame Baseline and 12 months post transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Number analyzed at baseline presented above. Number analyzed at Month 12: 28, 22, 29 in belatacept/MMF, belatacept/sirolimus, and tacrolimus/MMF treatment arms,respectively. Measurements obtained immediately after drug infusion were excluded from analysis.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Mean Systolic, Diastolic and Arterial Blood Pressure at Baseline and Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: mm Hg]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
     
Systolic blood pressure at baseline     133.1  ± 26.43     126.9  ± 18.72     141.8  ± 23.79  
Systolic blood pressure at Month 12     129.3  ± 19.24     131.0  ± 19.88     138.2  ± 19.50  
Diastolic blood pressure at baseline     78.6  ± 12.50     72.3  ± 11.27     75.3  ± 15.08  
Diastolic blood pressure at Month 12     73.3  ± 11.96     75.1  ± 10.71     77.6  ± 10.51  
Mean Arterial pressure at baseline     96.8  ± 15.60     90.5  ± 12.84     97.5  ± 15.87  
Mean Arterial pressure at Month 12     91.9  ± 12.80     93.7  ± 11.64     97.8  ± 10.90  

No statistical analysis provided for Mean Systolic, Diastolic and Arterial Blood Pressure at Baseline and Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population



10.  Secondary:   Number of Participants Using Antihyperlipidemic Medications at Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Month 12 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants Using Antihyperlipidemic Medications at Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Participants using > = 1 antihyperlipidemic medication at Month 12.
Time Frame Month 12  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Analysis based on all participants who were followed up at least 364 days.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  31     26     26  
Number of Participants Using Antihyperlipidemic Medications at Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
  11     10     9  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants Using Antihyperlipidemic Medications at Month 12 - Intent to Treat Population



11.  Secondary:   Mean Change From Baseline (BL) to Month 12 Post Transplantation in Lipid Values - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Baseline to Month 12 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Mean Change From Baseline (BL) to Month 12 Post Transplantation in Lipid Values - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Baseline (BL) was value obtained day prior to transplantation. Lipid values measured in milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) included: high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides. Intent to treat population included all participants randomized and transplanted.
Time Frame Baseline to Month 12  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
33, 26, 30 participants were included in the ITT population. Number of participants analyzed for HDL-C = 26, 22, 26; non-HDL-C = 26, 22, 26; LDL-C = 20, 14, 21; TC = 26, 22, 26; triglycerides = 20, 14, 21, in belatacept/MMF, belatacept/sirolimus, and tacrolimus/MMF arms, respectively.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Mean Change From Baseline (BL) to Month 12 Post Transplantation in Lipid Values - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: mg/dL]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
     
HDL-C change from BL to Month 12     1.5  ± 12.70     -3.7  ± 12.94     -0.5  ± 12.24  
Non-HDL-C change from BL to Month 12     16.0  ± 45.25     16.1  ± 45.15     20.5  ± 42.56  
LDL-C change from BL to Month 12     23.9  ± 38.18     25.0  ± 37.17     34.0  ± 30.18  
Total cholesterol change from BL to Month 12     17.5  ± 40.69     12.5  ± 49.03     20.0  ± 45.80  
Triglycerides change from BL to Month 12     -11.4  ± 63.31     -1.1  ± 88.88     -14.2  ± 94.83  

No statistical analysis provided for Mean Change From Baseline (BL) to Month 12 Post Transplantation in Lipid Values - Intent to Treat Population



12.  Secondary:   Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Month 3, Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Months 3, 6 and 12 post transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Month 3, Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in mg/dL; Albumin (Alb) in g/dL;Serum creatinine (SCr) in mg/dL; Age in years. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated based upon serum creatinine (SCr) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula as suggested by Levey et al: MDRD GFR = 170 x [SCr/0.95]^(-0.999) x [Age]^(-0.176) x [0.762 if participant was female] x [1.180 if participant was black] x [BUN]^(-0.170) x [Alb]^(+0.318). Intent to Treat (ITT) population is defined as all participants randomized and transplanted.
Time Frame Months 3, 6 and 12 post transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Month 12 n presented above. Calculated GFR, values >180 mL/min/1.73 m2 (beyond upper limit of biologic plausibility)were truncated at 180 mL/min/1.73 m^2. Based on median (SD) GFR of 83 (50).

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  29     24     29  
Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Month 3, Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: mL/min/1.73m^2]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
     
Month 3 post transplantation(n=29,24,27)     57.8  ± 15.41     60.5  ± 26.69     51.2  ± 14.78  
Month 6 post transplantation(n=29,24,25)     57.5  ± 14.75     58.7  ± 28.36     51.7  ± 17.80  
Month 12 post transplantation(n=27, 23, 29)     63.6  ± 27.27     61.8  ± 30.66     54.0  ± 14.95  

No statistical analysis provided for Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Month 3, Month 6 and Month 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population



13.  Secondary:   Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at 6 and 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Day 1 through Month 12 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at 6 and 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Participants were said to be corticosteroid-free at Month 6 if they were not receiving corticosteroids for greater than (>) 7 consecutive days during Days 141 through Days 196, and at Month 12 if not receiving corticosteroids for > 7 days during Days 337 through 392. Intent to treat population included all randomized and transplanted participants.
Time Frame Day 1 through Month 12  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
For 95% CI within each group, normal approximation was used if N greater than, equal to (>=)5. Otherwise, exact method was used. Numbers of participants analyzed at Month 6 in each arm were 33, 26, 30 and numbers of participants analyzed at Month 12 were 32, 26, 30, in belatacept/MMF, belatacept/sirolimus, and tacrolimus/MMF arms, respectively.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at 6 and 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
     
At 6 Months post transplantation     27     23     28  
At 12 Months post transplantation     24     20     28  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at 6 and 12 Months Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population



14.  Secondary:   Number of Participants Who Were Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 and Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population   [ Time Frame: Day 1 to Month 12 post transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants Who Were Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 and Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population
Measure Description Participants were said to be CNI-free at Month 6 or 12 if they were not receiving a CNI during Day 141 to Day 196, or Day 337 to Day 392. Participants in the tacrolimus arm were not relevant to this analysis because tacrolimus is a calcinurin inhibitor. Participants were corticosteroid-free (CS-free) at Month 6 if they were not receiving corticosteroids for > 7 consecutive days during Days 141 through Days 196, and at Month 12 if not receiving corticosteroids for > 7 days during Days 337 through 392. Day 1 was day of transplantation. Intent to treat population included all randomized and transplanted participants.
Time Frame Day 1 to Month 12 post transplantation  
Safety Issue Yes  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
Analysis on both CNI-free and CS-free participants based on all followed up at least 151 days for Month 6 or 347 days for Month 12. One participant in the tacrolimus arm was counted as CNI-free since he discontinued tacrolimus on Day 2 of transplant and no data were available regarding immunosuppressive therapy after discontinuation.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  33     26     30  
Number of Participants Who Were Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 and Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population  
[units: participants]
     
CS-free Month 6 (N=33, 26, 30)     27     23     28  
CS-free Month 12 (N=32, 26, 30)     24     20     28  
CNI-free + CS-free Month 6 (N=32, 26, 30)     25     19     1  
CNI -free + CS-free Month 12 (N=32,26,30)     24     18     1  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants Who Were Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 and Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 6 and 12 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population



15.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to End of Month 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension   [ Time Frame: End of Month 12 to end of Month 48 Post Transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to End of Month 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension
Measure Description AR defined as a clinicopathological event requiring clinical evidence and biopsy confirmation by central pathologist. One or more conditions were met and a renal biopsy revealed histologic evidence of rejection: unexplained rise of serum creatine (SCr) >= 25 % from baseline plus one or more of the following: unexplained decreased urine output; fever and graft tenderness; a SCr that remained elevated within 14 days after transplantation and clinical suspicion of AR; reason other than those listed and participant was treated for this episode. Day 1 was day of transplantation. Banff grade used Banff 97 working classification of kidney transplant pathology. ITT population was all randomized and transplanted participants.
Time Frame End of Month 12 to end of Month 48 Post Transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
All participants who completed the short term (ST) period, were eligible and accepted to enter the LTE by signing a new informed consent form.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  27     19     27  
Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to End of Month 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension  
[units: participants]
  0     0     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Acute Rejection of Transplant up to End of Month 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension



16.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension   [ Time Frame: End of Month 12 to end of Long Term Extension (Year 4) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension
Measure Description Graft loss was defined as either functional loss or physical loss. Functional loss was defined as either: sustained level of SCr greater than or equal to (>=) 6.0 mg/dL (530 micromoles/Liter; micromol/L) for >= 4 weeks as determined by the local laboratory; regularly scheduled dialysis treatments over a period of 56 days; impairment of renal function to such a degree that the participant undergoes re-transplant. Day 1 was day of transplantation. ITT population defined as all participants randomized and transplanted.
Time Frame End of Month 12 to end of Long Term Extension (Year 4)  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
N=participants randomized and transplanted and in LTE.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  27     19     27  
Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension  
[units: participants]
     
Graft Loss or Death at Month 24 (N=27,19,27)     0     1     0  
Graft Loss or Death at Month 36 (N=27,19,27)     1     2     0  
Graft Loss or Death at Month 48 (N=27,19,27)     1     2     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants With Graft Loss or Death at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension



17.  Secondary:   Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Months 24, 36 and 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension   [ Time Frame: Months 24, 36 and 48 post transplantation ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Months 24, 36 and 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension
Measure Description GFR was calculated based upon serum creatinine (SCr) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) formula as suggested by Levey et al: MDRD GFR = 170 x [SCr/0.95]^(-0.999) x [Age]^(-0.176) x [0.762 if participant was female] x [1.180 if participant was black] x [BUN]^(-0.170) x [Alb]^(+0.318). Age in years, Alb = Albumin in g/dL; SCr = in mg/dL; BUN =Blood urea nitrogen in mg/dL. Intent to Treat population is defined as all participants randomized and transplanted.
Time Frame Months 24, 36 and 48 post transplantation  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
N=All participants who were randomized, transplanted, in the LTE and had data available at the specific time point.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  27     18     27  
Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Months 24, 36 and 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension  
[units: mL/Min/1.73m^2]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
     
Month 24 (N=27, 18, 27)     60.6  ± 15.12     66.0  ± 23.75     52.2  ± 12.14  
Month 36 (N=25, 16, 22)     62.8  ± 14.05     69.9  ± 22.43     55.5  ± 15.38  
Month 48 (N=18, 14, 15)     59.6  ± 15.30     72.2  ± 25.21     55.7  ± 13.47  

No statistical analysis provided for Mean (Standard Deviation) in Calculated Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) mL/Min/1.73m^2 at Months 24, 36 and 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension



18.  Secondary:   Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension   [ Time Frame: End of Month 12 to end of Long Term Extension (Year 4) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension
Measure Description In the LTE, a participant was considered corticosteroid-free if they were not receiving corticosteroids for >7 consecutive days during Day 701 and Day 756, Day 1065 and Day 1120, as well as Day 1429 and Day 1484, respectively.
Time Frame End of Month 12 to end of Long Term Extension (Year 4)  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
N= All participants who completed the ST period, were eligible and accepted to enter the LTE by signing a new informed consent form, and had data available at the specific time point were analyzed.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  27     18     27  
Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension  
[units: participants]
     
Month 24 (N=27, 18, 27)     22     15     25  
Month 36 (N=26, 16, 23)     22     14     20  
Month 48 (N=19, 14, 16)     16     12     16  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Corticosteroid-free Participants at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension



19.  Secondary:   Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension   [ Time Frame: Months 24, 36, 48 ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension
Measure Description Participants were considered corticosteroid-free at Months 24, 36, and 48 if they were not receiving corticosteroids for >7 consecutive days during Day 701 and Day 756, Day 1065 and Day 1120, as well as Day 1429 and Day 1484, respectively. Participants were considered CNI-free at Months 24, 36, and 48 if they were not receiving CNI during Day 701 and Day 756, Day 1065 and Day 1120, as well as Day 1429 and Day 1484, respectively. Participants in the tacrolimus arm were not relevant to this analysis because tacrolimus is a calcinurin inhibitor.
Time Frame Months 24, 36, 48  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
N= All participants who completed the ST period, were eligible and accepted to enter the LTE by signing a new informed consent form, and had data available at the specific time point were analyzed.

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  27     18     27  
Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension  
[units: participants]
     
Month 24 (N=27, 18, 27)     22     15     0  
Month 36 (N=26, 16, 23)     22     14     0  
Month 48 (N=19, 14, 16)     16     12     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants Who Were Both Calcineurin Inhibitor-free (CNI-free)and Corticosteroid-free at Months 24, 36, 48 Post Transplantation - Intent to Treat Population in Long Term Extension



20.  Secondary:   Number of Participants Who Switched Between MMF and Sirolimus During Long Term Extension up to Study Completion   [ Time Frame: End of Month 12 to end of Study (Month 48) ]

Measure Type Secondary
Measure Title Number of Participants Who Switched Between MMF and Sirolimus During Long Term Extension up to Study Completion
Measure Description Long Term extension was the period from the end of Month 12 to the end of Month 48 post transplantation and the completion of the study 31 July 2012. At any time in the study, participants who were unable to tolerate MMF in the Bela-MMF and Tac-MMF groups could discontinue (DC) MMF and switch to sirolimus and remain in the study and those in the Bela-Siro group who were unable to tolerate sirolimus could DC sirolimus and switch to MMF and remain in the study. Study completion=data base (DB) lock.
Time Frame End of Month 12 to end of Study (Month 48)  
Safety Issue No  

Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
N= All participants who completed the ST period, were eligible and accepted to enter the LTE by signing a new informed consent form

Reporting Groups
  Description
Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF) Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24), after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; MMF 1g BID. Participants were allowed to switch from MMF to sirolimus.
Belatacept, Sirolimus Thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; IV belatacept: 10 mg/kg Days 1 and 5, then every other week through Month 3 (Weeks 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12), and then every 4 weeks through Month 6 (Weeks 16, 20, 24),after 6 months, 5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until Month 12; sirolimus 5 mg/day on Day 1 and continued through Day 2, dosing to be adjusted to keep pre-dose C0 (concentration at time zero after administration) levels at 7-12 ng/mL for first 6 months, followed by 5 - 10 ng/mL until Month 12. Participants were allowed to switch from sirolimus to MMF.
Tacrolimus, MMF Comparator regimen: thymoglobulin 1.5mg/kg for 4 days plus 4 corresponding doses of corticosteroids; oral tacrolimus 0.1 mg/kg/day in 2 divided doses with initial targeted trough level of 8-12 ng/mL for Days 1 - 30 with dose reduction to achieve 12 hour trough target of 5-10 ng/mL for 12 months; MMF (mycophenolate mofetil) 1g BID.

Measured Values
    Belatacept, Mycophenolate Mofetil (MMF)     Belatacept, Sirolimus     Tacrolimus, MMF  
Number of Participants Analyzed  
[units: participants]
  27     19     27  
Number of Participants Who Switched Between MMF and Sirolimus During Long Term Extension up to Study Completion  
[units: participants]
     
By Month 24 Switched between MMF and Sirolimus     0     1     0  
By Month 36 Switched between MMF and Sirolimus     0     2     0  
By Month 48 Switched between MMF and Sirolimus     0     3     0  
Up to DB Lock Switched between MMF and Sirolimus     0     3     0  

No statistical analysis provided for Number of Participants Who Switched Between MMF and Sirolimus During Long Term Extension up to Study Completion




  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
  Hide Limitations and Caveats

Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
Main limitations of this study include: small size (small number of participants in each treatment arm), the open-label nature of the trial, its exploratory nature, and the high rate of switches from sirolimus to MMF in one of the belatacept groups.


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