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Ginkgo Biloba Prevention Trial in Older Individuals

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00010803
First received: February 2, 2001
Last updated: March 11, 2013
Last verified: March 2013
Results First Received: March 27, 2009  
Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized;   Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study;   Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment;   Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator);   Primary Purpose: Prevention
Conditions: Dementia
Alzheimer's Disease
Interventions: Drug: Ginkgo biloba
Drug: Placebo

  Participant Flow


  Baseline Characteristics
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Population Description
Explanation of how the number of participants for analysis was determined. Includes whether analysis was per protocol, intention to treat, or another method. Also provides relevant details such as imputation technique, as appropriate.
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Reporting Groups
  Description
Ginkgo Biloba 120 mg twice daily, total 240 mg
Placebo Placebo 1 pill twice daily
Total Total of all reporting groups

Baseline Measures
    Ginkgo Biloba     Placebo     Total  
Number of Participants  
[units: participants]
  1545     1524     3069  
Age  
[units: participants]
     
<=18 years     0     0     0  
Between 18 and 65 years     0     0     0  
>=65 years     1545     1524     3069  
Age  
[units: years]
Mean ± Standard Deviation
  79.1  ± 3.3     79.1  ± 3.3     79.1  ± 3.3  
Gender  
[units: participants]
     
Female     702     716     1418  
Male     843     808     1651  
Region of Enrollment  
[units: participants]
     
United States     1545     1524     3069  



  Outcome Measures
  Show All Outcome Measures

1.  Primary:   Number of Participants With Incident Dementia   [ Time Frame: Brief neuropsychological testing every 6 months, detailed testing annually, average 6.1 years follow up ]

2.  Secondary:   Number of Participants With the Indicated Cardiovascular Disease or Mortality   [ Time Frame: 6 months ]

3.  Secondary:   Progression of Cognitive Decline in Standardized Z-score Scale. Higher Z-scores Indicate Worse Performance.   [ Time Frame: 6 months/annually ]


  Serious Adverse Events


  Other Adverse Events


  Limitations and Caveats
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Limitations of the study, such as early termination leading to small numbers of participants analyzed and technical problems with measurement leading to unreliable or uninterpretable data
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