Enhanced HIV Prevention in Couples: Feasibility Study #1 (EPIC)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wafaa Mahmoud El-Sadr, Columbia University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02027714
First received: November 7, 2013
Last updated: January 2, 2014
Last verified: January 2014

November 7, 2013
January 2, 2014
April 2011
May 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Percent of pregnant and postpartum women who have been tested for HIV [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Using quantitative surveys conducted at the study sites, pregnant and postpartum women within 6 months of delivery will be asked if they have ever been tested for HIV.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT02027714 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Percentage of index participants that live with their partner [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess the feasibility of home-based testing, we will assess the percentage of pregnant and recently post-partum women that live with their partners.
  • Percentage of male participants who have been circumcised [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    We will ask male participants if they have been circumcised to determine the feasibility and need for MC inclusion in future interventions.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Enhanced HIV Prevention in Couples: Feasibility Study #1
Enhanced HIV Prevention in Discordant Couples in Lesotho: Feasibility Study #1

The purpose of this study is to gather information needed to develop a large prevention trial to decrease the risk for HIV transmission among HIV-discordant couples (where one person is HIV-positive and the other is HIVnegative) in Lesotho. The protocol team would like to learn more about men, women and couples in Lesotho and what they think about various topics related to HIV, including HIV testing and counseling, male circumcision and HIV treatment.

There will be three parts to the study including 1) a survey 2) focus group discussions; and 3) in-depth interviews. Two hundred pregnant or recently postpartum women will be recruited to participate in the survey. Women who answer the questionnaire will also be asked to participate in the focus groups. A total of 6-8 groups consisting of 6-12 women each will be conducted. Thirty men from the community will be recruited to participate in an in-depth individual interview.

Studies to date indicate that HIV negative partners within HIV-discordant couples (where one partner is HIV+ and the other is HIV-) are at substantial risk of acquiring HIV infection and that such transmission may play animportant role in heterosexual transmission of HIV in countries with high seroprevalence in sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study is to conduct preparatory research needed to design and implement an HIV-prevention intervention trial aimed at decreasing the risk for HIV infection among HIV-discordant couples in Lesotho.

Using both quantitative and qualitative research methods, the study aims to:

  • Establish baseline characteristics of the proposed study population, specifically pregnant and recently postpartum women and of men in Lesotho
  • Explore the types of sexual and social relationships that exist between men and women in Lesotho
  • Assess individual knowledge, understanding and perceptions around different HIV prevention strategies, including HIV testing and treatment, couples counseling and male circumcision
  • Identify interpersonal and individual-level barriers to accessing these types of HIV prevention interventions.

There will be three study components including 1) quantitative survey 2) focus group discussions; and 3) in-depth individual interviews. A quantitative cross-sectional survey will be administered to 200 pregnant and recently postpartum women. Qualitative components will be based on open-ended iterative inquiry via focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with two groups: (1) pregnant and recently postpartum women; and (2) men. Data gathered during this study will inform the study design and intervention components of the proposed prevention intervention study.

Observational
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Not Provided
Not Provided
Non-Probability Sample

Pregnant and postpartum women within 6 months of delivery and men will be enrolled.

This feasibility study is targeting women seeking care in ANCs as these clinics are where large numbers of women learn their HIV status and become engaged in HIV prevention and/or care and treatment services. It is through these women that men from the community will be recruited for participation in the study.

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Not Provided
  • Women's Quantitative Survey

    We will administer quantitative surveys to 200 pregnant and recently postpartum women. Surveys will be conducted in either English or Sesotho depending on the participant's preference. Surveys will be administered by a study-staff member. Survey activities will be conducted in a private space either within or around the clinic building. All study activities will take approximately 1 hour to complete.

    The survey is comprised of 62 close-ended questions. Included in this survey are questions related to demographics, sexual behaviors, HIV and various HIV testing services.

  • Women's Focus Group Discussions

    We will conduct 6-8 focus groups of approximately 6-12 pregnant or recently postpartum women. Focus group discussions will be organized according to HIV serostatus to allow for open dialogue and participant comfort. All group discussions will be conducted in Sesotho. Each group discussion will be facilitated, preferably, by a female study-staff member. All group discussions will be held in a private space either within a study site or another specified location within the community. All study activities will take approximately two hours to complete.

    Topics that will be discussed during these interviews include relationship dynamics between Basotho men and women, knowledge of HIV and various related issues, including HIV testing, HIV treatment and discordancy in HIV status. Additionally, questions about knowledge and attitudes regarding male circumcision will be asked.

  • Male Interviews

    We will conduct 30 in-depth individual interviews with men. In-depth semi structured interviews consisting of open-ended questions will be conducted in either English or Sesotho depending on the participant's preference. Interview activities will be conducted in a private space either within or around the clinic building.

    Topics that will be discussed during these interviews include relationship dynamics between Basotho men and women, knowledge of HIV and various related issues, including HIV testing, HIV treatment and discordancy in HIV status. Additionally, questions about knowledge and attitudes regarding traditional and medical male circumcision will be asked.

    Following the completion of the interview, the same facilitator will administer a brief survey to the study participant.

Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
230
May 2014
May 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

Women's Quantitative Survey

  • Women at least 18 years of age
  • Pregnant or within 6 months postpartum
  • Receiving antenatal care at target clinic
  • Ability to speak English or Sesotho

Women's Focus Group Discussion

  • All inclusion criteria listed in Women's Quantitative Survey AND
  • Ability to speak Sesotho, specifically
  • Willingness to disclose HIV status within FGD
  • Willingness to allow audio- recording of FGD

Male Individual Interviews

  • Men between 18 and 50 years of age
  • Living or working in one of the two targeted districts
  • Ability to speak Sesotho
  • Willingness to allow audio- recording of interview

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Individuals meeting any of the exclusion criteria will be excluded from study participation.

For all quantitative and qualitative components

  • Individuals who do not meet the inclusion criteria outlined above
  • Any condition which in the opinion of the investigators would interfere with adherence to study requirements
Both
18 Years to 50 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Lesotho
 
NCT02027714
AAAF0372, 1R01AI083038-01
No
Wafaa Mahmoud El-Sadr, Columbia University
Columbia University
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Wafaa M El-Sadr, MD/MPH ICAP-NY, Columbia University
Columbia University
January 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP