Using Implementation Intentions to Increase Safe Sex Practices in MSM

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2013 by University of Sydney
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
The Albion Centre - South Eastern Sydney Local Health District
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ben Andrew, University of Sydney
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01926418
First received: August 17, 2013
Last updated: August 19, 2013
Last verified: August 2013

August 17, 2013
August 19, 2013
November 2013
July 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Self reports of anal sex with and without condoms [ Time Frame: 3 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01926418 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Variables in the Theory of Planned Behaviour: attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioural control, and intention [ Time Frame: at baseline and 3 months later ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Using Implementation Intentions to Increase Safe Sex Practices in MSM
Using Implementation Intentions to Increase Safe Sex Practices Among and Australian Sample of Men Who Have Sex With Men

The purpose of this study is to assess the utility of the Theory of Planned Behavior in predicting condom use among men who have sex with men. It also aims to assess the utility of two interventions, one known as "implementation intentions", the other involves the practice of a planning task known as "the tower of Hanoi", in increasing condom use in this population.

The purpose of this study is two-fold. The first part of the study aims to assess the validity of a theory of health behaviour, known as the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) in predicting condom use in and Australian sample of men who have sex with men (MSM). The TPB states that a person's intention to use condoms is the best predictor of their actual condom use behaviour. The TPB indicates that intention is predicted by an individual's attitude towards condom use, whether they believe their family and friends feel that they should use condoms (known as "subjective norm"), and how much control the person feels that they have over condom use (known as perceived behavioral control). In order to measure this, participants will be asked to complete questions regarding their attitudes, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, intention towards condom use, and actual condom use behavior. It is expected that the TPB will be successful in predicting condom use in this population.

The second part of the study aims to assess whether two different interventions are effective in increasing condom use among men who have sex with men (MSM).

The first intervention is known as "implementation intentions" and asks that participants specify when, where and how they might increase their condom use in the future (e.g. by buying condoms). It is predicted that in making this plan that the likelihood of preparing to use condoms will increase as will actual condom use.

The second intervention asks participants to practice a task several times per week that is thought to improve planning ability. The task is known as "The Tower of Hanoi" which is a computer based program that requires participants to shift discs across three different pegs in and ordered and planned way. It is thought that this practice can improve an individual's planning ability. It is thought that this planning ability may then generalise to other tasks such as planning to use condoms. It is predicted that this intervention will increase actual condom use among this population.

A control group that receives no intervention will also be employed.

Measures of the TPB will be taken at baseline and three months after the interventions have taken place to assess any changes to the variables thought to predict condom use, and any changes in condom use behavior. It is expected that the the TPB variables will all increase in the intervention groups.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV
  • Sex
Behavioral: Planning tasks

Implementation intentions: Participants are asked to specify when, where and how they plan to use condoms in the future.

Executive function training aims to improve planning ability and therefore aims to increase condom use planning.

Other Names:
  • implementation intentions
  • executive function training
  • No Intervention: Control
    The control group receives the TPB questionnaires but receives no intervention
  • Experimental: Implementation intentions
    Participants are asked to specify when, where and how they will use condoms in the future. They will be sent weekly email reminders of their implementation intentions.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Planning tasks
  • Experimental: Planning task
    Participants will be asked to practice the Tower of Hanoi task four times per week for ten to fifteen minutes.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Planning tasks
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Not yet recruiting
180
December 2014
July 2014   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men who have sex with men
  • Adults (over 18 years old)
  • Sexually active

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Women
  • Minors (under 18 years old)
  • Those who have never been sexually active
  • Those unable to provide consent
Male
18 Years and older
Yes
Contact: Benjamin J. Andrew, DCP/MSc +61 414416906 band3675@uni.sydney.edu.au
Contact: Barbara Mullan, PhD +61 2 9351 6811 barbara.mullan@sydney.edu.au
Australia
 
NCT01926418
USydney
Yes
Ben Andrew, University of Sydney
University of Sydney
The Albion Centre - South Eastern Sydney Local Health District
Principal Investigator: Barbara Mullan, PhD The University of Sydney
Principal Investigator: Benjamin J. Andrew, DCP/Msc The University of Sydney
Principal Investigator: John de Wit, PhD National Center in HIV Social Research
Principal Investigator: Kim Begley, PhD The Albion Center
University of Sydney
August 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP