An Open-Label Phase 3 Study of BMN 165 for Adults With PKU Not Previously Treated w/ BMN 165 (Prism301)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by BioMarin Pharmaceutical
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
BioMarin Pharmaceutical
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01819727
First received: March 18, 2013
Last updated: August 14, 2014
Last verified: August 2014

March 18, 2013
August 14, 2014
May 2013
May 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: 14 to 36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Assessments and procedures for safety and blood Phe concentration will be performed every 4 weeks throughout this study. Safety will be monitored throughout the study by assessment of vital signs, physical examination, electrocardiograms (ECGs), AEs, concomitant medications, and clinical laboratory tests (chemistry, hematology, and urinalysis).
safety and tolerability [ Time Frame: 14 to 36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Safety will be assessed through clinical laboratory tests performed monthly (Chemistry, Hematology, Urinalysis, Complements); Physical Exam every other month; Vital Signs and Injection-site Inspection weekly, Pregnancy Test, ECG and chest x-ray at baseline and at completion of the study. Patients will be assessed for adverse events each time they are seen by clinical personnel
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01819727 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
blood phe concentration [ Time Frame: 14 to 36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Subjects will be assessed for plasma blood Phe concentration at baseline (predose on Day 1), Week 3, Week 4, and every 4 weeks thereafter.
blood phe concentration [ Time Frame: 14 to 36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
All patients will be have their plasma Phe assessed at screening, Day 1, Day 15 and then monthly throughout the study.
Metabolism [ Time Frame: 14-36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
All patients will complete a 3-day diety diary to be submitted monthly. Their dietary intake will be calculated and analyzed through a computer software program, "Metabolic Pro" The diary data will be analyzed by nutritional software for total kcals, protein, phe, tyrosine, and the percentage of DRI provided for protein, phe, tyrosine, vitamins, and minerals. Blood and urine tests for glucose, calcium, nitrogen and creatinine will be evaluated on a monthly basis.
Metabolism [ Time Frame: 14-36 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
All patients will complete a 3-day diety diary to be submitted monthly. Their dietary intake will be calculated and analyzed through a computer software program, "Metabolic Pro" Blood and urine tests for glucose, calcium, nitrogen and creatinine will be evaluated on a monthly basis.
 
An Open-Label Phase 3 Study of BMN 165 for Adults With PKU Not Previously Treated w/ BMN 165
A Phase 3, Open-Label, Randomized, Multi-Center Study to Assess the Safety & Tolerability of an Induction, Titration, and Maintenance Dose Regimen of BMN 165 Self Administered by Adults w/Phenylketonuria

The BMN 165 clinical development program has been designed to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of BMN 165 in reducing blood Phe concentrations in patients equal or greater than 18 years old with hyperphenylalaninemia due to PKU. Study BMN 165-301 is a Phase 3, open-label, randomized study designed to further characterize the safety of BMN 165 during two induction, titration, and maintenance dose regimens in adults with PKU who have not had previous exposure to BMN 165 (naive). Subjects will be randomized (1:1) to titrate up to one of two dose regimens. Other key features of this study are the dose regimens chosen for induction and titration; the study duration; self administration of study drug; and the chosen tertiary objectives.

Primary and Secondary Outcomes:

The primary objective of the study is the following:

  • To characterize the safety and tolerability during induction, titration, and maintenance dosing in BMN 165-naïve subjects who self administer BMN 165 at dose levels of 20 mg/day and 40 mg/day

The secondary objective of the study is the following:

  • To evaluate blood Phe concentration during induction, titration, and maintenance dosing in BMN 165-naïve subjects who self administer BMN 165 at dose levels of 20 mg/day and 40 mg/day

The tertiary objectives of the study are the following:

  • To characterize the protein intake from medical food and from natural protein in BMN 165-naïve subjects administered BMN 165 at dose levels of 20 mg/day and 40 mg/day
  • To characterize baseline ADHD-like symptoms in BMN 165-naïve subjects
  • To evaluate trough plasma concentrations of BMN 165 in BMN 165-naïve subjects administered BMN 165 at dose levels of 20 mg/day and 40 mg/day

Primary Analysis:

All AEs will be coded using the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA). The incidence of AEs will be summarized by system organ class, preferred term, relationship to study drug, and severity for the subjects who are randomized to the 40 mg/day dose, the 20 mg/day dose, and overall. A by-subject listing will be provided for those subjects who experience an SAE, including death, or experience an AE associated with early withdrawal from the study or study drug. Hypersensitivity AEs and AEs that result in dosing interruption or dose reduction are of interest, and the percentage of subjects who report these AEs will be presented.

Clinical laboratory data will be summarized by the type of laboratory test for the subjects who are randomized to the 40 mg/day dose, the 20 mg /day dose, and overall. Frequency and percentage of subjects who experience abnormal (ie, outside of reference range) and/or clinically significant abnormalities after study drug administration will be presented for each clinical laboratory test. For each clinical laboratory test, descriptive statistics will be provided for baseline and all subsequent post-baseline visits. Changes from baseline to the post-baseline visits will also be provided. Descriptive statistics, including clinically significant changes from baseline, of vital signs, physical examination results, ECG test results, and immunogenicity test results will also be provided in a similar manner. Additionally, antibodies and titers will be summarized at the scheduled time point.

Detailed statistical methods will be provided in the Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP).

Secondary Analysis:

The secondary efficacy endpoint is change from baseline to end of study in blood Phe concentration.

Baseline is defined as the average of blood Phe concentrations collected prior to dosing at the Screening Visit and on Day 1.

The primary analysis method for the secondary endpoint will use a repeated measures model, with change from baseline Phe as the dependent variable and dose (40 mg/day or 20 mg/day), study week, and baseline Phe as independent variables.

A responder analysis will be presented as a cumulative distribution function. The percentage of subjects with blood Phe concentration below "X" umol/L at the end of the study will be plotted and summarized for various "X" as a cumulative distribution function for each of the 2 doses and overall.

Detailed statistical methods will be provided in the SAP.

Tertiary Analyses:

The statistical analysis method for tertiary endpoints (protein intake; the ADHD-RS IV score) will be descriptive. More details regarding the analysis methods for the tertiary endpoints will be provided in the SAP.

Trough plasma concentrations of BMN 165 will be evaluated.

DMC The Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) will act in an advisory capacity to

BioMarin to monitor subject safety and the efficacy of BMN 165 in subjects who participate in Study BMN 165-301 .The DMC responsibilities may include the following:

  • Review the study protocol, informed consent and assent documents, and plans for data monitoring
  • Evaluate the progress of the trial; study data quality; timeliness; subject recruitment, accrual and retention; subjects' risk versus benefit; and other factors that could affect the study outcome
  • Consider relevant information that may have an effect on the safety of the participants or the ethics of the study
  • Protect the safety of the study participants in accordance with the stopping rules as defined in study protocol
  • Make recommendations to BioMarin concerning continuation or termination of the study or other modifications of the study based on their observations
  • If appropriate, conduct interim analysis of safety and efficacy
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Phenylketonuria
Drug: BMN 165

After informed consent, eligible subjects will be randomized (1:1) to titrate up to one of two dose regimens: 20 mg/day or 40 mg/day. All subjects will initiate IP at a fixed-dose of 2.5 mg/week for 4 weeks (Induction).

After the Induction Period, subjects will enter the Titration Period (Week 5 up to Week 32) where they will increase their weekly BMN 165 dose to a daily dose regimen of 20 mg/day or 40 mg/day. The Titration Period will be individualized to each subject based on a minimum of 6 weeks (the time it takes to reach a dose regimen of 20 mg/day with no dose interruptions) and up to 28 weeks (accounts for dose interruptions due to AEs). Subjects will stop titration once they have achieved either the 20 mg/day or 40 mg/day dose. A maintenance dose will be administered for 4 weeks.

Other Names:
  • BMN 165
  • previously refered to as:
  • rAvPAL-PEG
  • PEG-PAL
  • Active Comparator: BMN 165, 20mg/day
    Subjects who meet the eligibility criteria will be randomized 1:1 to titrate to one of two dose regimens: 20 mg/day or 40 mg/day. The randomization will be stratified by the last available blood Phe concentration prior to Day 1 (600 to 900 μmol/L and > 900 μmol/L).
    Intervention: Drug: BMN 165
  • Active Comparator: BMN 165,40mg/day
    Subjects who meet the eligibility criteria will be randomized 1:1 to titrate to one of two dose regimens: 20 mg/day or 40 mg/day. The randomization will be stratified by the last available blood Phe concentration prior to Day 1 (600 to 900 μmol/L and > 900 μmol/L).
    Intervention: Drug: BMN 165
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
90
May 2015
May 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

INCLUSION CRITERIA

Individuals eligible to participate in this study must meet all of the following criteria:

  • A current diagnosis of PKU with the following:

    • Current blood Phe concentration >600 µmol/L at screening and
    • Average blood Phe concentration of >600 µmol/L over the past 6 months (per available data)
  • Have no previous exposure to BMN 165
  • Are ≥16 and ≤70 years of age at the time of screening
  • If taking Kuvan, have a treatment end date ≥14 days prior to Day 1 (ie, first dose of BMN 165)
  • Are willing and able to provide written, signed informed consent after the nature of the study has been explained and prior to any research-related procedures
  • Are willing and able to comply with all study procedures
  • For females of childbearing potential, must have a negative pregnancy test at screening and be willing to have additional pregnancy tests during the study.
  • If sexually active, must be willing to use 2 acceptable methods of contraception while participating in the study
  • Have maintained their diet (including medical formula) with no significant modifications during the 4 weeks prior to enrollment and are willing to maintain their current diet and, if needed, adjust their dietary and/or medical food protein intake according to the study protocol
  • Have neurocognitive and linguistic capacities to complete ADHD-RS IV and POMS scales.
  • If applicable, maintained stable dose of medication for ADHD, depression, anxiety, or other psychiatric disorder for ≥8 weeks prior to enrollment and willing to maintain stable dose throughout study unless a change is medically indicated
  • Are in generally good health, as evidenced by physical examination, clinical laboratory evaluations and ECG tests performed at screening

EXCLUSION CRITERIA

Individuals who meet any of the following exclusion criteria will not be eligible to participate in the study:

  • Use of any investigational product or investigational medical device within 30 days prior to screening or requirement for any investigational agent prior to completion of all scheduled study assessments.
  • Use of any medication that is intended to treat PKU (except Kuvan), including the use of large neutral amino acids, within 2 days prior to administration of study drug Day 1 (first dose of BMN 165). Note: Kuvan treatment must be stopped ≥14 days before Day 1
  • Use or planned use of any injectable drugs containing PEG (other than BMN 165), including medroxyprogesterone injection, within 3 months prior to screening and during study participation
  • Known hypersensitivity to any components of BMN 165
  • Current use of levodopa
  • A positive test for HIV antibody, hepatitis B surface antigen, or hepatitis C antibody
  • A history of organ transplantation or on chronic immunosuppressive therapy
  • A history of substance abuse (as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSM IV]) in the past 12 months or current alcohol or drug abuse
  • Current participation in the Kuvan registry study (PKU Demographics, Outcomes and Safety [PKUDOS]). Patients may discontinue the PKUDOS registry trial to allow enrollment in this study
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding at screening or planning to become pregnant (self or partner) or breastfeed at any time during the study
  • Concurrent disease or condition that would interfere with study participation or safety (eg, history or presence of clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, hematologic, gastrointestinal, endocrine, immunologic, dermatologic, neurological, oncologic, or psychiatric disease)
  • Major surgery planned during the study period
  • Any condition that, in the view of the investigator, places the subject at high risk of poor treatment compliance or terminating early from the study
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) concentration >2 times the upper limit of normal
Both
18 Years to 70 Years
No
Contact: Jeri Williams 415-506-6444 jwilliams@bmrn.com
United States
 
NCT01819727
165-301, Prism301
Yes
BioMarin Pharmaceutical
BioMarin Pharmaceutical
Not Provided
Study Director: Markus Merilainen, MD BioMarin Pharmaceutical
BioMarin Pharmaceutical
August 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP