Impact of Ranolazine on Myocardial Ischemia Detected by High-Field 3T Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Imaging and P-31 Spectroscopy

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2013 by Westside Medical Associates of Los Angeles
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Gilead Sciences
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
David Gallegos, RN, Westside Medical Associates of Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01804543
First received: August 3, 2012
Last updated: March 4, 2013
Last verified: March 2013

August 3, 2012
March 4, 2013
June 2012
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
parameters of cellular ischemia by 31P MRS [ Time Frame: post 4 weeks of therapy with ranolazine ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01804543 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
myocardial perfusion indices [ Time Frame: post 4 weeks of therapy with ranolazine ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Impact of Ranolazine on Myocardial Ischemia Detected by High-Field 3T Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Imaging and P-31 Spectroscopy
Impact of Ranolazine on Myocardial Ischemia Detected by High-Field 3T Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Imaging and P-31 Spectroscopy

Evaluation of use of ranolazine in patients with stable heart pain with cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) and phosphorous-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS). Subsequent testing using these modalities will show improved oxygen to the heart muscle.

Specific Aim:

To determine in patients with stable coronary artery disease with documented inducible ischemia, if treatment with ranolazine leads to reduced intracellular ischemia as detected by CMR perfusion imaging and 31P spectroscopy at 3 Tesla.

Abstract:

Despite many advances in cardiovascular medicine for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), many patients in the United States continue to have the morbidity and mortality associated with chronic stable angina. Ranolazine is a novel late sodium current inhibitor shown to be effective in treating angina in patients with chronic stable coronary artery disease without affecting the blood pressure heart rate product. It has been shown to reduce myocardial energy utilization by enhancing diastolic myocardial relaxation and possibly by increasing myocardial blood flow. While ranolazine has been demonstrated to improve size and severity of stress-induced myocardial perfusion defects, it's direct effect on myocardial metabolism and cellular ischemia has not been tested in humans. We propose using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) and phosphorous-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) to evaluate patients with chronic stable angina before and after 4 weeks of a stable dose of ranolazine to detect changes in myocardial blood flow, ventricular function, myocardial scar and metabolic parameters of cellular ischemia.

Observational
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Not Provided
Not Provided
Non-Probability Sample

Subject with chest pain or equivalence (atypical chest pain, shortness of breath, or fatigue)

  • Angina
  • Heart Disease
Drug: Ranolazine
ranolazine 500 mg, then 1000 mg twice a day
Other Name: Ranexa
Angina, Heart Disease
ranolazine 500 mg twice daily for 1 week, then 1000 mg twice daily for 3 weeks
Intervention: Drug: Ranolazine
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
30
December 2014
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age >18 years of age with stable angina pectoris or an anginal equivalent symptom (e.g. atypical chest discomfort, dyspnea, easy fatigue) AND
  2. Mild, moderate or severe myocardial ischemia detected on nuclear perfusion imaging (exercise or pharmacologic SPECT or Rubidium PET), exercise stress echocardiography or stress cardiac MRI OR Documentation of obstructive coronary artery with at least one major coronary artery (left anterior descending, circumflex or right coronary artery) of at least 70% by either conventional or CT coronary angiography.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Acute coronary syndrome including unstable angina or non ST elevation myocardial infarction within the last 60 days
  2. ST-elevation myocardial infarction within 60 days
  3. Equivocal myocardial ischemia on non-invasive testing or studies demonstrating reversible perfusion defects complicated by significant attenuation artifacts.
  4. Recent PCI within the last 60 days
  5. Recent CABG within the last 60 days
  6. Inability to sign informed consent
  7. Patients who have taken ranolazine within 30 days of screening
  8. Patients taking strong CYP3A inhibitors e.g. ketoconazole, itraconazole, clarithromycin, nefazodone, nelfinavir, ritonavir, indinavir, and saquinavir
  9. Patients taking inducers of CYP3A e.g. rifampin, rifabutin, rifapentine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, carbamazepine, and St. John's wort
  10. Patients with liver cirrhosis or liver disease that is Grade B or C by the Child-Pugh Classification
  11. Prior allergic reaction or intolerance to ranolazine
  12. Patients with a history of inherited or acquired prolonged QT interval
  13. Moderate to severe claustrophobia or previous inability to undergo an MRI exam
  14. Patients with implanted pacemaker or internal cardiac defibrillator
  15. Patients who have a metallic foreign body implants (metal silver in their eye, cochlear implants) or have an aneurysm clip in their brain
  16. GFR < 30 ml/m2
  17. Type 2 second degree heart block (Mobitz II) in the absence of functioning permanent pacemaker.
  18. Sinus node dysfunction in the absence of functioning permanent pacemaker.
  19. Patients taking dipyridamole therapy.
  20. Active bronchospasm (active asthma or COPD with active wheezing.

    -

Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact: David Gallegos, RN (310) 289-9955 david@westsidecardio.com
United States
 
NCT01804543
IN-US- 259-0140
No
David Gallegos, RN, Westside Medical Associates of Los Angeles
Westside Medical Associates of Los Angeles
Gilead Sciences
Not Provided
Westside Medical Associates of Los Angeles
March 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP