Adipocyte, Insulin-resistance and Immunity : Evaluation of Interleukin-7 in Lipodystrophy, Diabetes and Obesity (IL-7norm)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified February 2013 by University Hospital, Lille
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marie-Christine VANTYGHEM, University Hospital, Lille
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01784289
First received: August 9, 2011
Last updated: February 5, 2013
Last verified: February 2013

August 9, 2011
February 5, 2013
June 2010
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Measure of blood Interleukin 7 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01784289 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • measure of blood Interleukins 2 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood interleukin 9 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood Interleukin 15 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood TNF [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-1 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-6 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-8 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-10 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-18 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood leptin [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood adiponectin [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Blood count of monocytes/macrophages [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Blood count of dendritic cells [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Count of blood lymphocytes T [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood Interleukins 2 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measur of blood interleukin 9 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood Interleukin 15 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood TNF [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-1 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-6 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-8 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-10 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood IL-18 [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood leptin [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • measure of blood adiponectin [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Blood count of monocytes/macrophages [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Blood count of dendritic cells [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Count of blood lymphocytes T [ Time Frame: 1 day ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Adipocyte, Insulin-resistance and Immunity : Evaluation of Interleukin-7 in Lipodystrophy, Diabetes and Obesity
Adipocyte, Insulin-resistance and Immunity : Evaluation of Interleukin-7 in Lipodystrophies According to Fat Mass and Glucose Metabolism

White adipose tissue-related diseases spread from excess (obesity) to lack (lipoatrophies) through aberrant distribution (lipodystrophies), these 3 different disorders being paradoxically able to induce a metabolic insulin resistance syndrome. The respective part of quantitative and qualitative anomalies of adipose tissue, gluco- and lipo-toxicity, liver and muscle insulin resistance, low-grade fat inflammation and immune alterations are not perfectly understood in the metabolic syndrome yet. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess different cytokines, especially interleukin 7, and metabolic parameters as well as fat mass distribution with DEXA and RMN, in different models of fat distribution, including normal-weight, obese and lipodystrophic patients. A plasma serum, gene and adipose tissue bank will be constituted at the same time to improve our knowledge in disorders linking fat mass, insulin resistance and immunity, especially in lipodystrophies, a rare monogenic model of insulin resistance.

Rational: In reason of its ability to store fatty acids and to secrete numerous pro-inflammatory cytokines, the adipocyte appears as a key cell in the regulation of energy metabolism and immune response. Moreover, it has been recently shown that adipocytes play a role in the recruitment of cells involved in innate and adaptive immunity in adipose tissue.

White adipose tissue-related diseases are numerous, spreading from excess (obesity) to a complete (lipoatrophies) or partial lack (lipodystrophies), these 3 different disorders being paradoxically able to induce a metabolic insulin resistance syndrome.

Among the involved cytokines, interleukin-7 (IL-7), mostly known for its immune functions, also participates to the quantitative and qualitative balance of fat mass. Thus, IL-7 over-expression in an animal model induces a lipodystrophic syndrome with insulin resistance whereas in humans, a preliminary study shows that LMNA-linked lipodystrophies are associated with an increase of blood IL-7 levels. IL-7 also participates to reactivation of autoimmunity in patients suffering from auto-immune type 1 after islet transplantation.

Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess different cytokines, especially interleukin 7, and metabolic parameters levels as well as fat mass distribution, in different models of fat distribution, including normal-weighed, obese and lipodystrophic patients. A plasma serum, gene and tissue bank will be constituted in order to improve our knowledge in disorders linking fat mass, insulin resistance and immunity, especially in lipodystrophies, a rare monogenic model of insulin resistance.

Patients: The included patients correspond to subjects of either normal body weight, or obese, or suffering from lipodystrophic syndrome, whatever their type 2 diabetes status.

Methods: Blood IL-7 levels, other immune and/or pro-inflammatory cytokines, lymphocytes immuno-phenotype as well as metabolic parameters will be characterized. Fat mass will be assessed with non-invasive methods (DEXA and RMN). A plasma, serum and gene bank will be constituted. As well as an adipose tissue bank in patients who will have a surgery (especially plastic surgery in lipodystrophic patients), in order to cryo-preserve it and to define the inflammatory status of this tissue thanks to histological and molecular analysis.

Main judgment criteria: The main judgment criteria will be IL-7 blood levels in the different groups according to fat mass and metabolic parameters. The hypothesis is that in humans the quantitative and /or qualitative disturbances of adipose tissue are associated with an increase of IL-7 levels and the development of insulin-resistance.

Awaited results and possible implications: this study will allow to better delineate the immune and inflammatory component associated with alterations of fat mass distribution and glucose metabolism. Our approach combining clinical investigation and ex vivo and laboratory analysis is original and should allow to better understand the cellular mechanisms responsible for the inflammatory process originated in white adipose tissue and accompanying the disorders of this tissue- more especially lipodystrophic syndromes - opening new therapeutic perspectives in common human diseases (obesity, diabetes) on the one hand, and a rare disease (lipodystrophy) on the other hand.

Observational
Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Not Provided
Retention:   Samples With DNA
Description:

Wholeblood and tissue bank

Non-Probability Sample

Patients with lipodystrophy : Endocrinology Departments of Lille , Amiens, Caen, Rouen and Reims University hospitals.

Obese (diabetics and non diabetics) and normal weight patients : Endocrinology - Metabolism, Endocrine Surgery and Nutrition Departments, Lille University Hospital

  • Lipodystrophy
  • Obesity
  • Type 2 Diabetes
Not Provided
  • normal
    Patients with no overweight and no type 2 diabetes
  • lipodystrophy
    patients with a lipodystrophy, most are diabetics
  • obese non diabetics
    Patients with obesity (BMI <30kg/m2), without diabetes
  • obese diabetics
    Patients with obesity (BMI <30 kg/m2), with diabetes
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
55
December 2013
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male and Female
  • More than 18 years old
  • with lipodystrophic syndrome (familial, partial, genetically determined), diabetics or not, obese or not
  • Patients with lipodystrophy non related to a lamine A/C gene mutation, diabetics or not, obese or not
  • Obese without diabetes (BMI> 30)
  • Obese (BMI>30) and diabetes according to ADA criteria
  • Normal weight patients (18< BMI< 25)
  • Agreement for the establishment of a serum bank and a plasma bank

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Unable to receive enlightened information
  • Refusal to sign the consent
  • Corticosteroids (including inhaled), other immunosuppressing treatments (systemic disease for example) or immunomodulators (eg interferon);
  • Creatinin > 15 mg / L
  • Sepsis
  • Progressing cancers or autoimmune diseases;
  • Treatment, disease or other condition that may affect the rate of IL-7 (as some contraceptives with estrogens)
  • Bleeding disorders (due to disease or treatment)
  • Active alcohol Intoxication
  • Psychiatric pathology (after psychiatric consultation)
  • Active infection including hepatitis C or HIV;
  • Age under 18 years
  • Participation in another study excluded the possibility of participating in another protocol
  • BMI > 60
  • Secondary diabetes
  • No social security
  • Pregnant or lactating women, patients under guardianship, persons deprived of liberty
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
Yes
Contact: Marie Christine VANTYGHEM, PhD +33 3 20 44 45 35 mc-vantyghem@chru-lille.fr
Contact: Marie Christine VANTYGHEM, PhD +33 3 20 44 45 35
France
 
NCT01784289
2009-A01169-48, 2009_09/0941, B91413-80, PHRC 2009/API
No
Marie-Christine VANTYGHEM, University Hospital, Lille
University Hospital, Lille
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: marie christine VANTYGHEM, pHd Lille University Hospital
University Hospital, Lille
February 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP