Green Vegetables and Women's Health

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2012 by University of Wisconsin, Madison
Standard Process Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Wisconsin, Madison Identifier:
First received: November 2, 2012
Last updated: November 8, 2012
Last verified: November 2012

November 2, 2012
November 8, 2012
November 2012
November 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Urinary 2:16 ratio [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Urinary 2:16 ratios between treatment groups.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01726127 on Archive Site
Urinary 4OHE1 and 4OHE2 [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Urinary concentrations of 4-hydroxyestrone (4OHE1) and 4-hydroxyestradiol (4OHE2) between treatment groups.
Same as current
  • Body composition [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Association between body composition, urinary 2:16 ratio, and urinary 4OHE metabolites.
  • Stability of urinary 2:16 ratio. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change in the urinary 2:16 ratio over 8 weeks in the placebo group.
  • Sub-study: Serum carotenoids and dietary intake [ Time Frame: One blood draw on one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Correlation between serum α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lutein and lycopene and dietary intake.
  • Sub-study: Serum carotenoids and body composition [ Time Frame: One blood draw on one day ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Correlation between serum carotenoids and body composition.
  • Dietary Intake [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Association between dietary intake, urinary 2:16 ratio, and urinary 4OHE metabolites.
Same as current
Green Vegetables and Women's Health
Effect of Cruciferous Vegetables or a Cruciferous Supplement on Urinary Estrogen Metabolites in Perimenopausal Women

The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that individuals consume 4.5 to 5 cups fruits and vegetables daily. However, at current intake levels, fruit consumption will have to improve by more than 100% and vegetable intake by 50% to meet this recommendation. Importantly, intake of brightly colored fruits and vegetables is even lower when potatoes are not considered. It is possible that improved fruit and vegetable intake will have beneficial health effects. For example, higher intakes of fruits and vegetables, and particularly cruciferous vegetables (e.g., broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, etc.), are associated with lower rates of many degenerative diseases, including some cancers, yet this group of vegetables may continue to be under-consumed due to their strong flavors. A supplement made from these vegetables (Cruciferous CompleteTM made by Standard Process Inc. Palmyra, WI) contains a group of phytochemicals called glucosinolates that can shift estrogen metabolism in a favorable way. One proposed biomarker of chemoprotection from breast cancer is the urinary estrogen metabolite ratio of 2- to 16α-hydroxyestrogens (2:16). In the main study, the effects of cruciferous vegetables (broccoli or Brussels sprouts), Cruciferous CompleteTM whole food supplements, or placebos on this ratio of urinary estrogen metabolites in healthy perimenopausal women will be compared over an 8 week period. The investigators hypothesize that treatment with daily supplements will increase the 2:16 ratio as compared to a combination of Brussels sprouts and broccoli or a placebo, suggesting reduced breast cancer risk.

In a sub-study the relationships between serum α-carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin, lutein and lycopene, dietary carotenoid intake as measured by a food frequency questionnaire, and body composition will be evaluated in healthy perimenopausal women. Carotenoids are a family of lipophilic compounds found primarily in colorful plant tissues and their concentration in human blood reflects dietary intake of carotenoid-rich foods. Carotenoid levels in the blood of healthy women do not appear to be influenced by menstrual status, but are inversely associated with body fatness. Thus, serum carotenoid concentrations may serve as a functional marker for chronic disease risk associated with excess body fat.

Not Provided
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Screening
Dietary Modification
  • Other: Broccoli and Brussels Sprouts
  • Dietary Supplement: Cruciferous Complete
  • Other: Placebo
  • Experimental: Broccoli and Brussels Sprouts
    Subjects will consume broccoli or Brussels sprouts (40g daily) for 8 weeks.
    Intervention: Other: Broccoli and Brussels Sprouts
  • Experimental: Cruciferous Complete
    Subjects will take Cruciferous CompleteTM supplements (2 capsules, 3 times daily) for 8 weeks.
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Cruciferous Complete
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Subjects will take placebo capsules (2 capsules, 3 times daily) for 8 weeks.
    Intervention: Other: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Not yet recruiting
November 2013
November 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Perimenopausal women between the ages of 45-55; perimenopause is defined as absence of a menstrual period for 6-18 months.
  • Willing to be randomized and compliant to the 3 study groups (whole cruciferous vegetable intake, cruciferous supplement or placebo tablets)
  • Able to give informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Urinary 2:16 > or = 2.
  • Current kidney or liver disease, adrenalectomy, or oophorectomy.
  • Use of tobacco products within the preceding three months, illegal use of medications or use of illegal drugs or substances.
  • Current use of antibiotics, cimetidine or black cohosh.
  • Systemic administration of estrogen, or use of non-prescription hormones, tamoxifen, or diabetes medication within the last three months.
  • Women under a physician-directed diet or those with a strong dislike of Brassica vegetables.
  • Presence of cancer in the last 5 years, with the exception of fully resected basal or squamous cell tumors.
  • Participation in an investigational drug study in the last 30 days.
45 Years to 55 Years
Contact: Shellen Goltz, PhD, RD (608) 262-5820
United States
University of Wisconsin, Madison
University of Wisconsin, Madison
Standard Process Inc.
Principal Investigator: Sherry A. Tanumihardjo, PhD University of Wisconsin, Madison
Principal Investigator: Neil Binkley, MD University of Wisconsin, Madison
University of Wisconsin, Madison
November 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP