An Endometrial Cancer Chemoprevention Study of Metformin

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified December 2013 by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: September 28, 2012
Last updated: December 5, 2013
Last verified: December 2013

September 28, 2012
December 5, 2013
May 2013
May 2019   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Effect of Metformin and/or Lifestyle Intervention on Biomarkers. [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Differences in Ki-67 and other biomarkers analyzed using a 2x2 ANOVA. Other biomarkers examined include a) a panel of genes relevant to estrogen dependent endometrial proliferation, hyperplasia and cancer using Q-PCR, b) biomarkers specific to the effect of metformin treatment (phospho-AMPKa, phospho-ACC, phospho-mTOR and phospho-S6 ribosomal protein and c) potential biomarkers of modulation of insulin sensitivity on the human endometrial proteome using reverse phase protein arrays (RPPA).
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01697566 on Archive Site
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An Endometrial Cancer Chemoprevention Study of Metformin
An Endometrial Cancer Chemoprevention Study of Metformin Versus No Treatment in Women With a Body Mass Index (BMI) >/= 35 kg.m2 and Hyperinsulinemia

The goal of this clinical research study is to learn about the effects of metformin and/or a program called "lifestyle intervention" on the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus) in post-menopausal women who are also obese (both are risk factors for endometrial cancer). Researchers also want to learn how insulin levels will be affected by metformin, diet and/or exercise.

Metformin is designed to treat both diabetes and insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body makes insulin but does not use it properly. It is often referred to as "pre-diabetes". Many people with insulin resistance have high levels of both sugar and insulin in their blood at the same time, which have been reported in patients with endometrial cancer.

In this study, metformin will be compared to a placebo. A placebo is not a drug. It looks like the study drug but is not designed to treat any disease or illness. It is designed to be compared with a study drug to learn if the study drug has any real effect.

Lifestyle intervention is made up of a series of in-person sessions where you meet with a coach to discuss strategies for losing weight and ways to increase physical activity. It also consists of materials designed to help you lose weight and will offer opportunities for supervised exercise.

Study Groups:

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned (as in the roll of dice) to 1 of 4 study groups:

  • Metformin only.
  • Placebo and lifestyle intervention.
  • Metformin and lifestyle intervention.
  • Placebo only.

Neither you nor the study staff will know if you are receiving metformin or placebo. However, if needed for your safety, the study staff will be able to find out what you are receiving.

In the first month you will gradually increase the dose of metformin/placebo by mouth as listed below:

  • Week 1: One capsule each day
  • Week 2: One capsule 2 times each day
  • Week 3: One capsule 3 times each day
  • Week 4: Two capsules 2 times each day

After week 4, you will continue to take 2 capsules of metformin/placebo 2 times each day.

If you are receiving the lifestyle intervention, you will have 16 lifestyle intervention sessions over 4 months. At each of these sessions, you will discuss methods for managing your weight. You will receive print materials and worksheets, measuring utensils, and a food scale. You will be instructed how to use each of these materials and how often to use them during the study. You will also be provided with opportunities for supervised exercise (such as group exercise class and group walks).

If you are traveling during a scheduled session, it can be performed over the telephone. Each call should last about 30 minutes, during which you will discuss the same goals and information that you would discuss in the in-person sessions.

Study Visits:

Before you can begin receiving the study drug/placebo:

  • At the second screening visit , you will have a dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan to measure your body composition. The scan requires you to lie still on a table for about 8-10 minutes while a low-energy x-ray takes an image that allows the study staff to get an image of your body fat density.
  • You will be given an accelerometer (a small, portable device that measures your physical activity) and be taught how to use it at the first Screening Visit. You will wear the accelerometer at all times while you are awake for 7 days. At the second Screening Visit, you will return the accelerometer at an intervention session. If you are not able to return it at the second visit then you will mail it back to the study staff in a pre-paid envelope. You will receive the accelerometer again at Month 4 and wear it for another 7 days.
  • You will receive a study diary in which you will record any and all exercise you perform each day while you are on study. It should take about 5 minutes to complete each time.
  • You will complete questionnaires about diet and exercise. These questionnaires should take about 30-40 minutes to complete.
  • You will also be taught to complete a questionnaire on the internet to record the food you eat in a 24 hour period. You will do this 3 times over a 2 week period. The first time, you will complete it at the clinic. The study staff will call and remind you to complete the questionnaire the other 2 times. Each time you complete this questionnaire, it should take about 40 minutes.

At Month 1, all participants will return for a study visit. The following tests and procedures will be performed:

  • Blood (about 2 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests. If this blood draw shows that your liver or kidney function is abnormal, you will need to return for an additional blood draw at Month 2.
  • You will have a physical exam, including measurement of your height and weight.

At each month, you will be asked about any symptom(s) that you may have to learn if it is related to the study. If you are called, this phone call should last about 5 minutes. If you are asked in a in-person visit, the visit can last up to an hour.

Length of Study:

You will receive the study drug/placebo and/or lifestyle intervention for up to 4 months. You will be taken off study if you have intolerable side effects or if you develop endometrial cancer or hyperplasia during the study. Your participation in the study will be over after the end-of-study visit.

Post-Treatment Visit:

At the end of the 4th month, you will have a post-treatment visit. You will repeat all procedures performed in the first and second visit:

  • Your height, weight, waist, and hip circumference will be measured.
  • You will have a DEXA scan.
  • You will complete the questionnaires about food, diet, and exercise.
  • You will have an endometrial biopsy.
  • Blood (about 8 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests and for biomarker testing. You will have to fast (not eat or drink anything except water) for 12 hours before this blood draw.

This is an investigational study. Metformin is FDA approved and commercially available for the treatment of diabetes and insulin resistance.

Up to 100 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Drug: Metformin
    850 mg by mouth twice a day for four, 30 day cycles.
  • Other: Placebo
    Placebo taken by mouth twice daily for 4, 30 day cycles.
    Other Name: sugar pill
  • Procedure: Endometrial Biopsy
    Endometrial biopsies obtained at baseline and after 4 months.
  • Behavioral: Lifestyle Intervention
    Lifestyle intervention consists of 16 in-person sessions offered over a 4 month period.
  • Behavioral: Questionnaires
    Completion of questionnaires about diet and exercise at baseline, during treatment and at end of study. Questionnaires take about 30-40 minutes to complete.
    Other Name: surveys
  • Experimental: Metformin
    850 mg by mouth twice a day for four, 30 day cycles.
    • Drug: Metformin
    • Procedure: Endometrial Biopsy
    • Behavioral: Questionnaires
  • Experimental: Placebo + Lifestyle Intervention
    Placebo taken by mouth twice daily for 4, 30 day cycles. Lifestyle intervention consists of 16 in-person sessions offered over a 4 month period.
    • Other: Placebo
    • Procedure: Endometrial Biopsy
    • Behavioral: Lifestyle Intervention
    • Behavioral: Questionnaires
  • Experimental: Metformin + Lifestyle Intervention
    Metformin 850 mg by mouth twice a day for four, 30 day cycles. Lifestyle intervention consists of 16 in-person sessions offered over a 4 month period.
    • Drug: Metformin
    • Procedure: Endometrial Biopsy
    • Behavioral: Lifestyle Intervention
    • Behavioral: Questionnaires
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Placebo taken by mouth twice daily for 4, 30 day cycles.
    • Other: Placebo
    • Procedure: Endometrial Biopsy
    • Behavioral: Questionnaires
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
Not Provided
May 2019   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. For this study, only women will be enrolled.
  2. Body Mass Index (BMI) > or = 32 kg/m2
  3. Not frankly diabetic, as measured by a fasting blood glucose </=126 mg/dL.
  4. Demonstrate hyperinsulinemia with a QUICK I value </= 0.357.
  5. Age >/= 50 and </= 65
  6. Zubrod Performance Scale 0-1
  7. Hemoglobin >/= 10 g/dl
  8. TSH 0.27 - 4.20 µlU/mL
  9. Menopause as defined as no menses for 1 year and/or FSH >/= 25.8 mIU/ml
  10. Must be able to read, write, and speak English.
  11. Must have a Primary Care Provider (PCP).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Prior hysterectomy or endometrial ablation
  2. ALT >/r = 2.0x Upper Limit of Normal (ULN)
  3. Serum creatinine > /= 1.4 mg/dl
  4. Triglycerides (fasting) >/ = 400
  5. Known inability to participate in the ongoing appointments for the four months of the study and scheduled follow-up tests.
  6. Significant medical or psychiatric history which would make the participant a poor protocol candidate, in the opinion of the principal investigator, for any aspect of study participation including metformin, unsupervised exercise program or dietary behavior change.
  7. Participant reported history of congestive heart failure
  8. Prior treatment with Metformin
  9. Currently being treated for diabetes or meeting criteria for new diagnosis of diabetes.
  10. Known allergy to Metformin or other biguanide (Proguanil).
  11. Use of Aromatase Inhibitors, GNRH-agonists i.e.Lupron, Zoladex within the last 6 months
  12. Use of SERMS (selective estrogen receptor modulators) in the past 6 months, including Tamoxifen and Raloxifene
  13. Hormone replacement therapy within the last 6 months
  14. Women who have been treated with chemotherapy for prior malignant disease or currently have an untreated malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer
  15. Patients who have had prior radiation to the pelvis
50 Years to 65 Years
Contact: Karen H. Lu, MD 713-745-8902
United States
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Principal Investigator: Karen H. Lu, MD UT MD Anderson Cancer Center
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
December 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP