Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Offenders (SBIRT)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified March 2013 by University of California, Los Angeles
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Homeless Health Care
Los Angeles Sheriff's Department
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michael Prendergast, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01683643
First received: September 5, 2012
Last updated: March 8, 2013
Last verified: March 2013

September 5, 2012
March 8, 2013
April 2012
March 2016   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
A reduction in the use of drugs and alcohol [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01683643 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Participation in treatment [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Rearrest and incarceration [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Quality of life [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • A reduction in HIV risk behaviors [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • The cost benefit of SBIRT for offenders [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Offenders
Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment for Offenders

The purpose of the study is to determine whether SBIRT is an effective intervention with inmates and to estimate the costs of providing SBIRT to this population.

Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) is an evidence-based practice that has been found to be effective in reducing alcohol and illicit drug use, mainly among persons recruited in medical centers, primary care offices, emergency rooms, and colleges and universities. But SBIRT has the potential to be applicable to other populations that have, or that are at risk for, substance use problems. In particular, offenders have high prevalence of drug and alcohol use at varying levels of severity and often do not receive adequate intervention, either because of limited availability of programs, low motivation, or lack of awareness of the consequences of their substance use.

The scientific aims of the study are:

  1. Assess the effectiveness of SBIRT with offenders in terms of participation in brief intervention (if so indicated) and enrollment in treatment (if so indicated).
  2. Assess the effectiveness of SBIRT with offenders in terms of drug use, criminal activity, and criminal justice involvement at 12 months following baseline.
  3. Determine whether there are differences in acceptability, participation, and outcomes between men and women.
  4. Determine the cost of providing the SBIRT intervention with this population.

The clinical aims of the study are:

  1. To complement the use of SBIRT within Los Angeles County's substance abuse treatment system.
  2. To expand prevention and treatment options for offenders with substance abuse problems.

To our knowledge, this would be the first rigorous test of SBIRT with an offender population.

We will recruit inmates at two Los Angeles County Sheriff jail facilities, one for men and one for women (25% of total sample), and randomly assign them to the treatment (SBIRT) group (N =400) or to the control (no intervention) group (N = 400). Baseline demographic data will be collected. Subjects in both groups will be screened for substance use risk using The Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) developed by the World Health Organization. Control subjects will receive only their risk score and informational materials regarding the health risks of substance use. Experimental subjects, in addition to their risk score and informational materials, will also receive a brief intervention and a referral to treatment appropriate to their risk score from trained health educators. The health educators will be provided by Homeless Health Care, Los Angeles. Twelve months after study admission, all study participants will be contacted for a follow-up interview. We will obtain records-based data on arrests and jail incarceration over the follow-up period from the Sheriff's Department and the California Department of Justice. We will also collect subject participation in publicly-funded treatment from the Substance Abuse Prevention and Control Division of the Los Angeles County Department of Health.

Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Substance Use
  • HIV Infections
  • Behavioral: SBIRT
    Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment.
  • Behavioral: Control Group
    Control subjects will receive only their risk score and informational materials regarding the health risks of substance use.
  • Experimental: SBIRT Group
    Baseline demographic data will be collected. Subjects will be screened for substance use risk using The Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) developed by the World Health Organization. Experimental subjects, in addition to their risk score and informational materials, will also receive a brief intervention and a referral to treatment appropriate to their risk score from trained health educators. The health educators will be provided by Homeless Health Care, Los Angeles.
    Intervention: Behavioral: SBIRT
  • Active Comparator: Control Group
    Baseline demographic data will be collected. Subjects will be screened for substance use risk using The Alcohol, Smoking, and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) developed by the World Health Organization. Control subjects will receive only their risk score and informational materials regarding the health risks of substance use.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Control Group
Prendergast ML, Cartier JJ. Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for offenders: protocol for a pragmatic randomized trial. Addict Sci Clin Pract. 2013 Oct 23;8(1):16. doi: 10.1186/1940-0640-8-16.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
800
March 2016
March 2016   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The sample for the study will be drawn from an offender population who are within 2-3 weeks of their release from MCJ or CRDF in Los Angeles County. In addition, subjects must be:

    • At least 18 years of age
    • English or Spanish speaking
    • Not subject to extended jail or prison sentence
    • Able to provide informed consent to participate in the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Study exclusion criteria:

    • Inability to provide informed consent to study participation because of cognitive impairment.
    • Inability to communicate in either English or Spanish
    • Refusal to complete Locator form for follow-up.
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact: Michael Prendergast, Ph.D (310) 267-5503
United States
 
NCT01683643
R01DA031879
Yes
Michael Prendergast, University of California, Los Angeles
University of California, Los Angeles
  • Homeless Health Care
  • Los Angeles Sheriff's Department
Principal Investigator: Michael Prendergast, Ph.D UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
Study Director: Jerry Cartier, M.A. UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
University of California, Los Angeles
March 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP