Soy Isoflavones in Treating Patients With Recurrent Prostate Cancer or Rising Prostate-Specific Antigen

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yael Vodovotz, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01682941
First received: September 6, 2012
Last updated: February 24, 2014
Last verified: February 2014

September 6, 2012
February 24, 2014
October 2009
June 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Peak plasma concentrations (Cmax) of soy isoflavones and their metabolites [ Time Frame: 0, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 24 hours post dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Quantification of absorption, serum concentrations over time, and excretion patterns of soy isoflavones and metabolites to define relationships between dietary intake, isoflavone metabolism and the biological outcomes
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01682941 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Change in hormonal patterns after soy bread and soy-almond bread interventions [ Time Frame: Day 0, 56, 70, and126 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Comparison of hormonal patterns (lower insulin like growth factor-I, increased insulin like growth factor binding protein-3, lower androgens), prostate specific antigen velocity, and circulating vascular endothelial growth factor concentrations
  • Changes in hormonal patterns that favor anti-prostate cancer activity [ Time Frame: Days 0, 28, 56, 70, 98, and 126 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Comparison of isoflavone metabolites on blood hormonal patterns and biomarkers that favor anti-prostate cancer activity.
  • Severity of toxicity in participants after consumption of the control soy bread or beta-glucosidase-enriched soy almond bread [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Day 126 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Safety (NIH criteria) and toxicity will be measured at day 0 (start of first intervention), day 56 (end of first intervention), day 70 (start of second intervention), and day 126 (end of second intervention)
  • Change in hormonal patterns after soy bread and soy-almond bread interventions [ Time Frame: Day 0, 56, 70, and126 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Comparison of hormonal patterns (lower IGF-I, increased IGFBP3, lower androgens), PSA velocity, and circulating VEGF concentrations
  • Changes in hormonal patterns that favor anti-prostate cancer activity [ Time Frame: Days 0, 28, 56, 70, 98, and 126 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Comparison of isoflavone metabolites on blood hormonal patterns and biomarkers that favor anti-prostate cancer activity.
  • Severity of toxicity in participants after consumption of the control soy bread or beta-glucosidase-enriched soy almond bread [ Time Frame: Day 0 and Day 126 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Safety (NIH criteria) and toxicity will be measured at day 0 (start of first intervention), day 56 (end of first intervention), day 70 (start of second intervention), and day 126 (end of second intervention)
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Soy Isoflavones in Treating Patients With Recurrent Prostate Cancer or Rising Prostate-Specific Antigen
Bioavailability of Isoflavones Delivered by Soy Almond Bread in Men With Recurring Prostate Cancer and Rising Prostate Specific Antigen

RATIONALE: Eating a diet high in soy foods may lower the risk of some types of cancer. Isoflavones are compounds found in soy food that may prevent cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying how well soy isoflavones work in treating patients with recurrent prostate cancer or rising prostate-specific antigen

OBJECTIVES:

I. To precisely quantify the absorption, serum concentrations over time, and excretion patterns of soy isoflavones and metabolites in men consuming the two bread products to define relationships between dietary intake, isoflavone metabolism and the biological outcomes.

II. To describe the safety as well as incidence and severity of toxicity in men consuming the control soy bread or beta-glucosidase-enriched soy bread.

III. To see if consumption of beta-glucosidase-enriched soy bread compared to control soy bread has a greater effect on blood hormonal patterns and biomarkers that favor anti-prostate cancer activity.

IV. To see if beta-glucosidase-enriched soy bread compared to control soy bread improves hormonal patterns (lower insulin like growth factor-I, increased insulin like growth factor binding protein 3, lower androgens), reduce prostate specific antigen velocity, and lower circulating vascular endothelial growth factor concentrations.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms (closed to accrual as of 02/14/2011).

ARM I: Patients consume 2 slices of soy bread daily for 8 weeks.

ARM II: Patients consume 2 slices of soy almond bread daily for 8 weeks.

After a 2 week washout period, patients crossover to the alternate treatment arm.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Recurrent Prostate Cancer
  • Stage IV Prostate Cancer
  • Dietary Supplement: Arm I Soy Bread
    On day 0 or day 70 pharmacokinetic study of isoflavones over 24 hours will follow after consumption of 2 slices of soy bread. Afterwards 2 slices of soy bread/day will be consumed for 56 days and isoflavone metabolites will be assessed in urine at days 0, 28, 56, 70, 98, and 126.
    Other Names:
    • soy isoflavones
    • soy phytoestrogens
  • Dietary Supplement: Arm II Soy-Almond Bread
    On day 0 or day 70 pharmacokinetic study of isoflavones over 24 hours will follow after consumption of 2 slices of soy-almond bread. Afterwards 2 slices of soy-almond bread/day will be consumed for 56 days and isoflavone metabolites will be assessed in urine at days 0, 28, 56, 70, 98, and 126.
    Other Names:
    • soy isoflavones
    • soy phytoestrogens
  • Active Comparator: Soy Bread Intervention
    Arm I Soy Bread
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Arm I Soy Bread
  • Experimental: Soy -Almond Bread Intervention
    Arm II Soy-Almond Bread
    Intervention: Dietary Supplement: Arm II Soy-Almond Bread
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
40
December 2014
June 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have histologically confirmed prostate cancer.
  • Have completed primary therapy (radical prostatectomy, external beam radiation, brachytherapy) for prostate cancer. "Watchful waiting" patients will also be eligible.
  • Have either two consecutive rises in prostate specific antigen (PSA) or a series of at least four PSA's over two years where the PSA doubling time is at least 3 months following a nadir response to localized therapy. The minimum PSA for this study is 0.2 ng/dL.
  • Not be receiving ongoing chemotherapy, radiation therapy or biological therapy for internal malignancy including prostate cancer.
  • At time of entry, the clinical team expects that no additional interventions for prostate cancer therapy (hormonal, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc.) will be necessary over the next 5 months.
  • Not be currently using Finasteride, androgens, or other PSA modifying hormonal agents. Utilizing prescription medications for urinary outlet obstructive symptoms will not be permitted. The use of non-prescription substances to improve urinary tract symptoms will not be permitted (i.e. Saw Palmetto, other herbal, alternative products).
  • Have kidney and liver enzymes within normal limits. Men with kidney and liver enzymes that are slightly elevated (< 1.5 times the upper normal limit), but have been stable for several months particularly those that are related to a known disorder (such as Gilberts syndrome, past history of alcohol, hepatitis, or a history of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis) will be permitted to participate after clinical evaluation by the study physician."
  • Have no history of malabsorptive disorders or other metabolic disorders requiring special diet recommendations. Diabetics will be permitted to participate.
  • Voluntarily agree to participate and a sign an informed consent document.
  • Agree to consume a standardized vitamin and mineral supplement and avoid other nutrition, dietary, or alternative medications/supplements for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have an active malignancy other than prostate cancer that requires therapy.
  • Have a history of pituitary hormone diseases that currently require supplemental hormonal administration (thyroid hormones, adrenocorticotropic hormone, growth hormone) or other endocrine disorders requiring hormone administration with the exception of diabetes, osteoporosis and men who have been stable (> 6 months of thyroid stimulating hormone within normal limits) on thyroid replacement therapy.
  • Have a known allergy to tree nuts, soy or wheat protein.
  • Have a recent history of iron deficient anemia (possible accentuation by soy).
  • Antibiotic use in the last 6 months.
Male
Not Provided
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01682941
OSU-08027, NCI-2010-02387, R21CA125909
Yes
Yael Vodovotz, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Principal Investigator: Yael Vodovotz Ohio State University
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
February 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP