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Phase I Clinical Trial of ManNAc in Patients With GNE Myopathy or Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01634750
First received: July 3, 2012
Last updated: June 25, 2014
Last verified: May 2014

July 3, 2012
June 25, 2014
September 2012
Not Provided
To evaluate the safety and tolerability of a single dose of orally administered ManNAc to HIBM subjects. [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01634750 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Pharmacokinetics
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Phase I Clinical Trial of ManNAc in Patients With GNE Myopathy or Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)
A Phase 1 Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind, Escalating Single-Dose Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics of ManNAc in Subjects With GNE Myopathy or Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)

Background:

- Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in a gene called GNE. This gene is responsible for producing a sugar called sialic acid. Low levels of sialic acid may cause muscle problems. Symptoms of HIBM include walking difficulties and muscle weakness, which usually start in a person s 20s or 30s and become worse over time.

Researchers are studying a drug called ManNAc. It may be useful for treating HIBM. However, this drug is still being tested. Researchers want to see how ManNAc is absorbed into and removed from the blood. They will not be looking specifically at whether ManNAc can stop or slow the symptoms of HIBM.

Objectives:

  • < TAB> To study how MaNAc is absorbed into and removed from the blood in people with HIBM.
  • < TAB> To study of safety of ManNAc in people with HIBM.

Eligibility:

- Individuals between 18 and 70 years of age who have HIBM.

Design:

  • Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. Blood and urine samples will be collected.
  • Participants will have a 3 to 4-day inpatient stay for the main part of the study.
  • Participants will be divided into groups of six. In each group, four will take ManNAc and two will take a placebo. Participants will not know which one they will receive.
  • Participants will have a single dose of either ManNAc or placebo. They will be monitored for any possible side effects. Frequent blood samples will be collected during the 4-day stay.
  • No treatment for HIBM will be provided as part of this study.

Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) is an autosomal recessive, neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive muscle weakness with onset in early adulthood. The causative gene, GNE, codes for the bifunctional enzyme uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine (UDP-GlcNAc)-2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine (ManNAc) kinase (GNE/MNK), which catalyzes the first 2 steps in the biosynthesis of sialic acid. The subsequent paucity of sialic acid production is presumed to cause decreased sialylation of HIBM muscle glycoproteins, resulting in muscle deterioration. In this Phase 1, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, escalating single-dose study, we propose to provide ManNAc (N-acetyl-D-mannosamine monohydrate) orally as a liquid solution to 3 cohorts of 6 subjects (Cohorts A, B, C) at doses of 3,000 mg, 6,000 mg, and 10,000 mg ManNAc, respectively, or up to the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). The objectives of this study are to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of a single dose of orally administered ManNAc to HIBM subjects, to identify the MTD of a single dose of orally administered ManNAc to HIBM subjects, and to explore the effect of a single dose of ManNAc on potential pharmacodynamic (PD) markers of HIBM. All subjects will be randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive ManNAc (n equals 4) or placebo (n equals 2) and the decision to dose-escalate will be the responsibility of the Safety Review Committee (SRC). Safety will be assessed by adverse events (AEs), clinical laboratory tests, vital signs, physical examinations, and electrocardiograms (ECGs). PK will be assessed for both ManNAc and sialic acid.

Interventional
Phase 1
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Hereditary Inclusion Body Myopathy (HIBM)
  • GNE Myopathy
Drug: ManNAc
Single dose
  • Experimental: ManNac
    Intervention: Drug: ManNAc
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Intervention: Drug: ManNAc

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
26
May 2013
Not Provided
  • INCLUSIONI CRITERIA:

    • Subject is 18-70 years, either gender, inclusive.
    • Subject has a diagnosis of HIBM (or IBM2, GNE myopathy, DMRV or Nonaka myopathy) based upon a consistent clinical course and identification of 2 GNE mutations. Molecular confirmation of the diagnosis will be obtained for all subjects in the study.
    • Subject must be willing to stop any treatment with ManNAc, sialic acid, IVIG, and/or other supplements containing sialic acid (eg, St John s wort, sialyllactose) 30 days prior to randomization and remain off such treatment for the duration of the trial.
    • Subject has the ability to travel to the NIH Clinical Center (CC) for admissions.
    • Subject (if a woman of reproductive age) must be willing to use an effective method of contraception for the duration of the trial.
    • Subject provides written informed consent.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

.-.Subject has a severe disease manifestation that would interfere with the ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol.

  • Subject has a psychiatric illness or neurological disease that would interfere with the ability to comply with the requirements of this protocol. This includes, but is not limited to, uncontrolled/untreated psychotic depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, substance abuse or dependence, antisocial personality disorder, or panic disorder.
  • Subject has hepatic laboratory parameters (AST, ALT, GGTP), or renal laboratory parameters (creatinine, BUN) greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal.
  • Subject has a QTcB > 450 msec (males) or QTcB > 470 msec (females).
  • Subject is anemic (defined as two standard deviations below normal for age and gender).
  • Subject shows evidence of clinically significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, hematological, metabolic, or gastrointestinal disease, or has a condition that requires immediate surgical intervention.
  • Subject is pregnant or breastfeeding at any time during the study.
  • Subject has received treatment with another investigational drug, investigational device, or approved therapy for investigational use within 4 weeks of initial screening.
  • Subject has a hypersensitivity to ManNAc or in the judgment of the investigator, has a condition that places the subject at increased risk for adverse effects.
Both
18 Years to 70 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01634750
120207, 12-HG-0207
Not Provided
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) )
National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
  • National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS)
  • Therapeutics for Rare and Neglected Diseases (TRND)
Principal Investigator: Nuria Carrillo-Carrasco, M.D. National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
May 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP