Estimating Brain Biomechanics Using MRI
|First Received Date ICMJE||June 30, 2012|
|Last Updated Date||November 27, 2013|
|Start Date ICMJE||June 2012|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Development of a fast MRI sequence to measure brain motion|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01633268 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Measurements of brain motion in response to head movement|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Estimating Brain Biomechanics Using MRI|
|Official Title ICMJE||Estimation of Brain Biomechanics Using MRI|
- The motion of the brain during normal activity, sports, or a blow to the head is not well understood. Researchers want to study methods to measure how the brain moves during small head movements. This information will be used to build models of how forces act on the brain. The information will help us understand brain injury. Brain movement will be studied through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.
- To see how the brain shifts in response to small head motions.
Objective: In this pilot study we will develop and apply imaging techniques to perform the first three-dimensional (3-D) measurements of brain biomechanics during mild head movement in healthy human subjects. Biomechanics is the application of mechanics, or the physical principles in action when force is applied to an object, to the anatomical structure and/or function of organisms. Such techniques will be invaluable for building computational models of brain biomechanics, understanding variability of brain biomechanics across individual characteristics, such as age and sex, and determining brain sub-structures at risk for damage when movement of the head is accelerated, such as during a traumatic event.
Study Population: Measurements will be performed on 55 healthy men and women aged 18-50.
Design: We will build upon the model pioneered by our collaborator, Dr. Philip Bayly. The model places a human subject in a magnetic resonance (MR) scanner with an apparatus that supports the head and allows a specific range of motion. The head support is latched such that it can be released by the subject, which results in a rotation of approximately 30 degrees. Although the support is weighted so that the motion is repeatable if the subject is relaxed, the subject can easily counteract the weight. The resulting acceleration/deceleration is small (in the range of normal activities, such as turning one's head during swimming) and has been validated and used in other human investigations of brain biomechanics. The subject repeats the motion multiple times during the MR scan under their own volition and desired pace to measure motion of the head and brain.
Outcome measures: This project is a pilot study evaluating the potential of extracting three-dimensional estimates of brain deformation, such as strain measurements, using MR imaging. A primary outcome of this project will be a fast MR acquisition sequence for measuring 3-D brain deformation. The sequence will be evaluated by applying the protocol to human subjects, followed by preliminary quantification of the reproducibility and stability of deformation measurements.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||55|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years to 50 Years|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||Yes|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01633268|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||120139, 12-CC-0139|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||September 2013|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP