Pakistan Flocculent Health Outcome Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Health Oriented Preventive Education
Procter and Gamble
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01538953
First received: February 21, 2012
Last updated: February 24, 2012
Last verified: February 2012

February 21, 2012
February 24, 2012
March 2003
December 2003   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
diarrhea longitudinal prevalence
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01538953 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Pakistan Flocculent Health Outcome Study
Pakistan Flocculent Health Outcome Study

This study is designed to evaluate the effect of different methods of drinking water treatment on the occurrence of diarrhea among children living in squatter settlements in Karachi, Pakistan, and the marginal benefit of adding handwashing to water treatment. 260 households will receive a new product which combines flocculation with chlorination to produce clearer, less chemically contaminated drinking water. 260 households will receive dilute sodium hypochlorite, i.e. bleach to treat their water. 260 households will receive soap and encouraged to wash their hands regularly. 260 households will receive both soap and the combination flocculation/chlorination water treatment. 260 households will continue their standard water treatment and handwashing practices. The households will be visited each week for 9 months, and the episodes of diarrhea from each child in the household recorded. The rate of diarrhea between the groups will be compared. At the end of 9 months, households who were part of the standard habits and practice group will receive a water storage vessel and disinfectant.

Not Provided
Interventional
Not Provided
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Diarrhea
  • Other: handwashing
    participants received weekly in-home handwashing promotion and soap as needed
  • Other: flocculent-disinfectant for water treatment
    participants received a supply of flocculent-disinfectant product for water treatment and instruction in how to use it
  • Other: water treatment with sodium hypochlorite
    participants received a supply of dilute sodium hypochlorite and instruction to treat drinking water with it
  • Experimental: Handwashing
    participants received weekly, in-home handwashing promotion and soap as needed
    Intervention: Other: handwashing
  • Experimental: handwashing and water treatment
    Interventions:
    • Other: handwashing
    • Other: flocculent-disinfectant for water treatment
  • Experimental: Water treatment with sodium hypochlorite
    Intervention: Other: water treatment with sodium hypochlorite
  • Experimental: Water treatment with flocculent-disinfectant
    participants received a supply of flocculent-disinfectant product and instruction to use it to treat drinking water
    Intervention: Other: flocculent-disinfectant for water treatment
  • No Intervention: Control

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
8949
January 2004
December 2003   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • households in study neighborhoods
  • contain a child < 5 years old
  • have access to water for handwashing

Exclusion Criteria:

  • participated in handwashing or drinking water treatment programs with HOPE previously
Both
Not Provided
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Pakistan
 
NCT01538953
CDC3794
No
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • Health Oriented Preventive Education
  • Procter and Gamble
Not Provided
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
February 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP