The Effectiveness of Gain- Versus Loss-framed Health Messages to Improve Oral Health Among Iranian Adolescents

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Amir H Pakpour, Qazvin University Of Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01421108
First received: August 12, 2011
Last updated: March 4, 2012
Last verified: March 2012

August 12, 2011
March 4, 2012
July 2011
February 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
changes in frequencies of dental brushing and flossing [ Time Frame: changes from baseline, two weeks after the intervention and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01421108 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Changes in psychological predictors of dental brushing (attitude, intention). [ Time Frame: changes from baseline, two weeks after the intervention and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Changes in Community Periodontal Index (CPI) [ Time Frame: changes from baseline, two weeks after the intervention and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Changes in Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index [ Time Frame: changes from baseline, two weeks after the intervention and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Oral health related quality of life [ Time Frame: changes from baseline and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Changes in psychological predictors of dental brushing (attitude, intention). [ Time Frame: changes from baseline, two weeks after the intervention and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Changes in Community Periodontal Index (CPI) [ Time Frame: changes from baseline, two weeks after the intervention and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Changes in Turesky Modification of the Quigley-Hein Plaque Index [ Time Frame: changes from baseline, two weeks after the intervention and six months follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
The Effectiveness of Gain- Versus Loss-framed Health Messages to Improve Oral Health Among Iranian Adolescents
The Effectiveness of Gain- Versus Loss-framed Health Messages to Improve Oral Health Among Iranian Adolescents:A Randomized Controlled Trial

This study explores the effectiveness of message framing, loss-framed vs. gain-framed messages on oral health in Iran.

This is a study to explore the impact of two pamphlets with gain-framed and loss-framed messages on brushing and flossing attitudes, intentions , behaviors and clinical characteristics among a sample of adolescent students.

Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Health Behavior
  • Behavioral: Framing (Gain-framed messages)
    The adolescents will randomly assign to three groups: gain-framed message and loss- framed message. Each group of adolescents will read the respective pamphlets with the exception of the control group. The gain-framed pamphlet contains six positive messages with three related full-color images(6.1 X 4.5). The gain-framed pamphlet, entitled The Benefits of good oral hygiene", emphasizes the benefits of brushing, and flossing.
    Other Name: designing persuasive messages
  • Behavioral: Framing (Loss-framed messages)

    The adolescents will randomly assign to three groups: gain-framed message , loss- framed message and a control group. Each group of adolescents will read the respective pamphlets with the exception of the control group.

    The loss-framed pamphlet contains six negative messages with three related full-color images (6.1 X 4.5). The loss-framed pamphlet, entitled The disadvantages of poor oral hygiene, emphasizes the costs of not brushing and flossing.

  • Experimental: Loss-framed messages
    Intervention: Behavioral: Framing (Loss-framed messages)
  • Experimental: gain-framed messages
    Adolescents will randomly assign to three groups: gain-framed message , loss-framed message and a control group. Each group of adolescents will read the respective pamphlets with the exception of the control group. The gain-framed pamphlet contains six positive messages with three related full-color images (6.1 X 4.5). The gain-framed pamphlet, entitled The Benefits of good oral hygiene", emphasizes the benefits of brushing, and flossing.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Framing (Gain-framed messages)
Pakpour AH, Yekaninejad MS, Sniehotta FF, Updegraff JA, Dombrowski SU. The effectiveness of gain-versus loss-framed health messages in improving oral health in Iranian secondary schools: a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Ann Behav Med. 2014 Jun;47(3):376-87. doi: 10.1007/s12160-013-9543-1.

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
372
February 2012
February 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • They are not involved in the oral health education
  • Ability to understand Persian language Adolescents attending high schools in Qazvin

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Does not meet inclusion criteria
Both
14 Years to 19 Years
Yes
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Iran, Islamic Republic of
 
NCT01421108
ACTRN12611000885998
No
Amir H Pakpour, Qazvin University Of Medical Sciences
Qazvin University Of Medical Sciences
Not Provided
Study Chair: Amir H Pakpour, PhD Qazvin university medical of sciences
Qazvin University Of Medical Sciences
March 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP