The COPENHAGEN Puberty Study is a combined cross sectional and longitudinal study of healthy Danish children.
All children will be thoroughly examined and blood- and urine samples will be collected at every visit. The families fill out questionaires.
Physical examination: Height; sitting-height; weight; circumference of waist, hip, arm; measurement of fatfolds (biceps, triceps, flank, subscapularis); voice-break (yes/no), blood pressure; pubertal staging according to Tanners classification: breast development (B1-B5), genitalia development boys (G1-G5), pubic hair development (PH1-PH5), axillary hair (yes/no), sweat (yes/no), acne (yes/no
Urine sample: For measurement of FSH, LH and endocrine disrupters.
Blood sample: For measurement of hormone levels (FSH, LH, estradiol, SHBG, testosterone, DHEAS, androstenedione, inhibin A, inhibin B, Insl3, kisspeptin, ghrelin, leptin, IGF-1, IGFBP3, TSH, T4, Free T4, T3, HbA1C, calcium-ion, PTH, phosphate, 25-OH-vitamine D, AMH), endocrine disrupters (PCB´s, dioxines, parabens, phthalates), isolation of DNA and RNA to evaluate relevant polymorphisms.
Questionaire: regarding information of previous growth and health.