Tight Hemodynamic Control in Patients Who Are Chronically on Metoprolol

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified October 2013 by University Health Network, Toronto
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01404767
First received: June 21, 2011
Last updated: October 4, 2013
Last verified: October 2013

June 21, 2011
October 4, 2013
August 2011
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
The difference between plasma levels of metoprolol within two groups [ Time Frame: 0,1, 2, 4, 8, 12, 24 hours post intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Comparisons measured in the pre-operative to intra-operative and post operative periods within metoprolol arm as well as between esmolol arm and metoprolol arm. Plasma levels will be correlated with both the hemodynamic response (HR) and the incidence of postoperative ischemia. The covariates (HR, BP, HR variability, etc) on PK/PD correlation will be examined.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01404767 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
The amount of time the target heart rate is maintained and the incidence of perioperative hypotension and bradycardia. [ Time Frame: Data will be recorded for 48 hours from arrive to the recovery area ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Additional assessments include cardiovascular morbidity and mortality including 30-day mortality, myocardial infarction, new cardiac arrhythmia, congestive heart failure, and renal failure, the incidence of post operative delirium, transient ischemic attack, stroke, and length of hospital stay.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Tight Hemodynamic Control in Patients Who Are Chronically on Metoprolol
Tight Hemodynamic Control in Patients Who Are Chronically on Metoprolol: A Study Comparing the Post Op Continuation of the Preoperative Oral Dose Beta Blockers to Intravenous Esmolol Titrated to a Target Heart Rate (HR)

This study proposes to assess the effect of the standard of care, which is continuation of the pre op beta blocker dose into the post operative period compared to the administration of esmolol titrated to a pre determined target HR. The primary outcome will compare postoperative plasma levels of metoprolol in 2 cohorts in a group who has been continued on metoprolol (administrated via a nasogastric tube in NPO patients) to a group who has been withdrawn from metoprolol but given an esmolol infusion titrated to HR. Secondary outcomes will compare a) the hemodynamic responses, documenting the incidence of unplanned hypotension and bradycardia and b) to compare the effects of Heart rate to the incidence of myocardial ischemia, arrhythmias, delirium and infarction.

The number of high-risk patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery has increased continuously over the last two decades. There is a paucity of data exist about the bioavailability of postoperative administrated beta-blockers. One study reported adequate plasma levels of Propanolol after administration via nasogastric tube but not after oral administration in patient undergoing thyroid surgery.Thus it is possible that patients maintained on oral beta blockers may in fact be experiencing a withdrawal syndrome. Because of the importance of avoiding withdrawal of beta blockers, intravenous administration may be the only alternative in cases where oral administration fails to achieve adequate plasma levels perioperatively. Furthermore, due to changes in pharmacodynamics, intravenous dosage may be the optimal way to achieve tight hemodynamic control. There is, however, no data on the post-operative hemodynamic effects of orally administered beta blockers in patients on chronic beta blockers.

Interventional
Phase 4
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Vascular Disease
  • Hypertension
  • Angina
  • Cardiac Disease
  • Drug: Esmolol
    Baseline treatment consists of a bolus of 500ug/kg/min followed by an infusion of 50ug/kg/min for 4 minutes and titrating in increment of 50ug/kg/min up to a maximum of 300ug/kg/min to maintain a HR within 10% of the target HR (≤ 70 bpm), which is 70± 7 bpm.
  • Drug: Metoprolol
    The night and morning before surgery, the patients in the metoprolol arm will receive their standard dose of beta blocker metoprolol.These patients will receive their daily beta blockers orally or via nasogastric tube postoperatively if they are NPO (Group A).
  • Active Comparator: Metoprolol oral dose or Placebo infusion
    Intervention: Drug: Metoprolol
  • Experimental: Esmolol infusion or Placebo oral dose
    Intervention: Drug: Esmolol
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
50
June 2014
December 2013   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Patient inclusion criteria:

  • Elective vascular surgery
  • Any of the following co morbidities

    • Diabetes
    • Angina
    • Congestive heart failure
    • A serum creatinine above 176 mmol/l
  • All patients must be on stable dose of oral metoprolol (≥ 30 days)
  • Age ≥ 20 years and ≤ 80 years
  • Written informed consent to participate to the study

Patient exclusion criteria:

  • Inability to understand the study protocol
  • Prior gastric surgery or small bowel resection
  • Pacemaker ( since it precludes the measurement of ST changes)
  • Malabsorption syndromes
  • Body Mass Index < 18 and > 35
  • Any patient with suspected of diagnosed Cerebral vascular disease. (We chose to exclude CVA patients due to the ongoing controversy about the increased incidence of stroke in patients have surgery and who are taking beta-blockers.)
Both
20 Years to 80 Years
No
Contact: Jo A Carroll, BHA 416 340-4800 ext 3243 jo.carroll@uhn.on.ca
Canada
 
NCT01404767
10-0713-A
Yes
University Health Network, Toronto
University Health Network, Toronto
Baxter Healthcare Corporation
Principal Investigator: Scott Beattie, MD, FRCP University Health Network, Toronto General Hospital
University Health Network, Toronto
October 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP