Amiodarone, Lidocaine or Neither for Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Due to Ventricular Fibrillation or Tachycardia (ALPS)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified August 2014 by University of Washington
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
American Heart Association
Defence Research and Development Canada
U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Susanne May, University of Washington
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01401647
First received: July 8, 2011
Last updated: August 13, 2014
Last verified: August 2014

July 8, 2011
August 13, 2014
May 2012
March 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Survival to hospital discharge [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed from the time of the CA until death in the field, ED or hospital, or hospital discharge, whichever occurs first. The longest estimated period for the outcome measure assessment is 6 months from the date of the event CA. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Patients may die in the field (outside of the hospital at the time of the cardiac arrest), at the emergency room, in the hospital, or they are discharged alive from the hospital. There is no average time frame for the hospitalization period as it may be less than one day or it can last 3-6 months or more.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01401647 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
The secondary endpoint of the trial is survival to discharge with a Modified Rankin Score (MRS) ≤ 3 and will be compared in patients randomized to PM101 versus placebo, lidocaine versus placebo, and PM101 versus lidocaine in the efficacy population. [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed from the time of the cardiac arrest until death or hospital discharge, whichever occurs first. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Patients may die in the field (outside of the hospital at the time of the cardiac arrest), at the emergency room, in the hospital, or they are discharged alive from the hospital. There is no average time frame for the hospitalization period as it may be less than one day or it can last 3-6 months.
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Amiodarone, Lidocaine or Neither for Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Due to Ventricular Fibrillation or Tachycardia
Amiodarone, Lidocaine or Neither for Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Due to Ventricular Fibrillation (VF) or Ventricular Tachycardia (VT)

The primary objective of the trial is to determine if survival to hospital discharge is improved with early therapeutic administration of a new Captisol-Enabled formulation of IV amiodarone (Nexterone-PM101) compared to placebo.

The primary objective of the trial is to determine if survival to hospital discharge is improved with early therapeutic administration of a new Captisol-Enabled formulation of IV amiodarone (PM101) compared to placebo.

The corresponding null hypothesis is that survival to hospital discharge is identically distributed when out-of-hospital VF/VT arrest is treated with PM101 or placebo.

The secondary objectives of the trial are to determine if survival to hospital discharge is improved with early therapeutic administration of:

  1. Lidocaine compared to placebo
  2. PM101 compared to lidocaine The corresponding null hypotheses are that survival to hospital admission is identically distributed when out-of-hospital VF/VT arrest is treated with lidocaine as compared with placebo, and with PM101 as compared with lidocaine.
Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cardiac Arrest
  • Drug: amiodarone
    300 mg will be given IV/IO push for reoccurrence of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia after 1 or more shocks. A second dose of 150 mg will be given if VF/pulseless VT reoccurs after initial dose and a subsequent shock. The initial dose for patients estimated to be less than 100 pounds will be 150 mg, followed by a second dose of 150 mg if the VF/pulseless VT persists.
    Other Name: PM 101, Nexterone
  • Drug: Lidocaine
    120 mg will be given IV/IO push with reoccurrence of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia after 1 or more shocks. A second dose of 60 mg will be given if VF/pulseless VT reoccurs after initial dose and a subsequent shock. The initial dose for patients estimated to be less than 100 pounds will be 60 mg, followed by a second dose of 60 mg if the VF/pulseless VT persists.
    Other Name: lidocaine hydrochloride
  • Other: Normal saline
    6 cc of normal saline (NS) will be given IV/IO push for reoccurrence of ventricular fibrillation or pulseless ventricular tachycardia after 1 or more shocks. A second dose of 3 cc will be given if VF/pulseless VT reoccurs after initial dose and a subsequent shock. The initial dose for patients estimated to be less than 100 pounds will be 3 cc, followed by a second dose of 3 cc if the VF/pulseless VT persists.
  • Active Comparator: Amiodarone
    Intravenous (IV) or intraosseous (IO) administration of amiodarone if VF/pulseless VT reoccurs after initial defibrillation.
    Intervention: Drug: amiodarone
  • Active Comparator: Lidocaine
    IV or IO administration of lidocaine if VF/pulseless VT reoccurs after initial defibrillation.
    Intervention: Drug: Lidocaine
  • Placebo Comparator: Normal saline
    IV or IO administration of normal saline if VF/pulseless VT reoccurs after initial defibrillation.
    Intervention: Other: Normal saline
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
3000
September 2015
March 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age at least 18 years or local age of consent
  • Non-traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest treated by ROC emergency medical services (EMS) with advanced life support capability
  • VF or pulseless VT presenting as the initial arrest arrhythmia or results from conversion of another arrhythmia (such as transient asystole or pulseless electrical activity)
  • Incessant or recurrent VF/VT after receipt of ≥ 1 shocks
  • Established vascular access

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Asystole or pulseless electrical activity (PEA) as the initial arrest rhythm who never transition to VF or pulseless VT
  • Written advance directive to not attempt resuscitation (DNAR)
  • Blunt, penetrating, or burn-related injury
  • Exsanguination
  • Protected populations (prisoners, pregnancy, children under local age of consent)
  • Treated exclusively by non-ROC EMS agency/provider, or by basic life support-only capable ROC EMS providers
  • Prior receipt of open label lidocaine or amiodarone during resuscitation
Both
18 Years and older
No
United States,   Canada
 
NCT01401647
40605-B, 5U01HL077863-07
Yes
Susanne May, University of Washington
University of Washington
  • National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
  • Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
  • American Heart Association
  • Defence Research and Development Canada
  • U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command
Study Chair: Myron Weisfeldt, MD Johns Hopkins University
University of Washington
August 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP