Low Antimonial Dosage in American Mucosal Leishmaniasis
|First Received Date ICMJE||February 20, 2011|
|Last Updated Date||March 26, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||October 2008|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||October 2012 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Efficacy of meglumine antimoniate in the treatment of mucosal leishmaniasis [ Time Frame: 6 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of high and low doses of meglumine antimoniate in the treatment of mucosal or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01301937 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE
||Safety of meglumine antimoniate in the treatment of mucosal leishmaniasis [ Time Frame: 6 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
This study is designed to evaluate the safety of hig and low doses of meglumine antimoniate in the treatment of mucosal or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Same as current|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Low Antimonial Dosage in American Mucosal Leishmaniasis|
|Official Title ICMJE||Phase III Clinical Trial for Mucosal or Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis. Comparison Between the Standard and Alternative Antimonial Schemes|
"Phase III clinical trial for mucosal or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Equivalence between the standard and alternative schemes with meglumine antimoniate" has begun in October 2008 at the Laboratory of Leishmaniasis Surveillance at Evandro Chagas Clinical Research Institute (IPEC), FIOCRUZ, aiming to compare efficacy and safety of the standard recommended schedule with an alternative regimen of meglumine antimoniate (MA) in the treatment of mucosal or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis (ML or MCL)). It is a study with blind evaluation by the doctors and the responsible for statistical analysis. Patients diagnosed with Ml or MCL, eligible for the trial, are randomly allocated into one of the schemes with meglumine antimoniate and monitored before, during and after it. There is no single regimen applicable to all forms of leishmaniasis around the world. Therapeutic regimens applied to treat people living in other geographic areas result in mixed outcomes. Ideally, the most appropriate regimens should be established for each endemic area, based on its efficacy, toxicity, difficulties of administration and cost. Given the problems and limitations of the use of pentavalent antimonials at 20 mg / kg / day, a less toxic alternative regimen with 5mg/kg/day, continuous up to the cure deserves to be better evaluated. Treatment must lead to the healing of mucosal lesions and prevent late scarring tissues and disabilities development. The indication of high doses of MA is based on the evidence that there could be induction of resistance with use of subdoses. However, clinical studies with extended follow-up in Rio de Janeiro have suggested that regular low MA doses (5mg / kg / day) in a systemic way may constitute an effective scheme, achieving cure rates similar to higher dose, with lower toxicity, ease of implementation and lower cost. Published studies on efficacy and safety of alternative schemes with meglumine antimoniate failed to provide conclusive results, for various methodological biases. The need to compare the effectiveness and safety between treatment schemes with meglumine antimoniate currently recommended in Brazil for the treatment of ML or MCL and an alternative scheme with low dose of antimony is the motive for this study in Rio de Janeiro.
4. 1. Study design: Controlled clinical trial with standard and alternative treatment, randomized, double-blind, phase III.
4.2. Description of interventions: Meglumine antimoniate (Aventis, São Paulo, Brazil) is stored and ministered under actual conditions employed by the health services in Brazil. A single lot of medication will be used in all patients. Each patient will be included in one of two treatment groups with meglumine antimoniate IM: 1) 20mg / kg / day for 30 continuous days. Patients with remaining active lesions in the day 120 from the beginning of the treatment will be re-treated with the same regimen. 2) 5mg / kg / day continuous until the epithelization and resolution of mucosal infiltration, respecting the limit of 120 days of treatment.
There will be no cross-over between the groups for the purpose of this study. The data from those patients who require permanent discontinuation of a scheme will be assessed in the group that were randomized, ie, by intention to treat.
4.3. Sampling plan. 4.3.1 Sample size. The comparison of the effectiveness between the two schemes will probably reveal superiority of the alternative scheme (continuous low dose) for the following outcomes: 1) frequency of good initial response (epithelialization and resolution of mucosal infiltration) on day 150. 2) frequency of good late response (maintenance of epithelialization and total regression of infiltration) up to 2 years.
We considered the significance level of 5% and 80% power to calculate the sample sizes needed to compare the groups. Initially, a 76-total of patients will be required (38 patients in each group) to compare the standard group with the alternative group.
4.4 Allocation strategy (randomization). Eligible individuals who agree to participate (by signing an informed consent) will be randomly assigned to one of the two treatment groups, according to order of arrival, until the completion of the groups.
4.5. Eligibility Criteria (see item: Eligibility Criteria). 4.6. Outcomes. 4.6.1 Effectiveness Outcome: Definition: 1. Initial therapeutic response - presence or not of complete epithelization of all lesions until day 150. 2. Late therapeutic response in mucosal leishmaniasis: maintenance of epithelialization and total regression of the infiltration up to 2 years.
4.6.2 Safety Outcomes (adverse events): definition, intensity and relationship to study drug. Adverse events (AE) are considered as any events, adverse or unexpected, evidenced by the investigator or reported by the patients, beginning during the use of the drug or within 30 days after stopping it. The investigation of AE will be made by spontaneous recall and questioned by a physician in a standardized form every 10 days during the medication and in day 30 after completion of treatment. All EA should be monitored until their disappearance.
The classification of the severity of adverse events (clinical, laboratory and electrocardiographic) will take place according to "AIDS Table for Grading Severity of Adult Adverse Experiences, 1992". The causal relationship to study drug (= AE) will be evaluated by the investigator and classified as follows: a) Definite (Highly Likely); b) Probable; c) Possible; d) Remote (Probably not); e) Definitely not.
4.7. Medications allowed. There will be no restrictions on the use of symptomatic medications and for other diseases except those listed in the exclusion criteria.
4.8. Management of adverse effects. The AE will be noted in the appropriate form and shall contain: a description of the adverse effect, its intensity, relation with the investigated drug, start date, completion date, duration and conduct taken.
4.9. Masking. We chose to perform the measurements of outcomes of interest (effectiveness) and adverse events (security) by a physician who is not aware of what is the regimen used by the patient. It is intended to minimize measurement biases of the different outcomes according to treatment regimen to which each patient belongs. The results of laboratory tests are provided by the clinical pathology laboratory without information about the treatment group. The manager of the database will preserve the secrecy of this information by coding the groups for analysis for the epidemiologist (s).
4.10. Criteria for definitive discontinuation of study treatment: a) Interruption driven by clinical, laboratory or electrocardiographic AE Grade 4; b) Interruption exceeding 10 days attributed to clinical, laboratory or electrocardiographic adverse event Grade <3; c) Spontaneous cessation of the use of prescribed medication beyond five consecutive doses, due to fault of the administration (noncompliance).
4.11. Criteria for study withdrawal: a) definitive interruption of treatment; b) pregnancy; c) introduction of immunosuppressive or potentially toxic drugs; d) intercurrent disease, unrelated to study drug, but with manifestations equivalent or superior to clinical grade 3 AE; e) poor initial or late therapeutic response; f) patient abandonment to continue the study.
4.12. Procedures for confidentiality break. The randomization codes used for allocation of numbering and allocation of patients may be revealed in cases of necessity of the study.
4.13. Monitoring the study. The parameters (outcomes) of effectiveness and safety will be monitored according to the timetable for implementation. The principal investigator and coordinators will supervise the field work, controlling for quality deviation and this Protocol. Important items to be monitored: adhesion to the Protocol (follow-up losses will be minimized through active search), appropriate records of outcomes and adverse events; adequacy of stored products; quality of procedures for laboratory tests; minimization of missing data; periodic transmission of data for data entry. Written reports of field will be retained for consideration by the committees. Serious adverse events will be reported to the Ethical Committee and perhaps decision to interrupt the test will be made. External Committee: a committee of outside monitoring of the trial shall be constituted , consisting of three members, experts in the treatment of leishmaniasis and execution of clinical trials. The committee will carry out audits of documentation and activities relevant to the clinical trial, controlling for possible protocol breaks.
4.14 Control of storage of medications. The ampoules required for complete treatment of the whole sample will be stored in IPEC Pharmacy. A trained professional team will include the patients, in day 1 consultation, following the randomization list.
4.15. Data Analysis Plan. Data analysis will be carried out following the principle of intention to treat. The data from those patients who require permanent discontinuation of a scheme will be analyzed according to the group for what they had been allocated initially, not being re-assigned to another group to resumption of treatment (no cross-over between the groups for the purposes of this study). We will describe the simple frequencies of categorical variables and measures of central tendency and dispersion of continuous quantitative variables for each antimony scheme. The proportion of dichotomous outcome of presence or absence of good early and late therapeutic response with the alternative regimen will be compared to the standard one through chi-square test, and the days until the extent of epithelialization and reduction of infiltration of lesions by nasal, oropharyngeal or laryngeal location will be studied through survival time analysis between the two groups (log-rank statistic). If necessary, nonparametric tests will be used. Effectiveness and safety will be also evaluated through relative risk (RR), absolute risk reduction (ARR) and relative risk reduction (RRR).
5. Ethical considerations. 6.1 Risks and benefits. The main potential benefit of this test is the possibility of subsidizing the use of lower doses of antimony, potentially less toxic and less costly. The risks consist of general adverse events, which will be thoroughly scrutinized and treated. This project was submitted to the Ethics in Research Committee (CEP/IPEC) and National Ethics in Research Council (CONEP). All patients sign an informed consent approved by CEP/IPEC. This project follows the recommendations of the National Health Council.
5.2. Informed consent. In plain language and explaining the objectives, risks, benefits and identifying those responsible for research.
6. Expected Results. We hope the different schemes are equivalent in effectiveness, and with diverse toxicities.
7. Financial support. This project is supported in part with funds approved by MCT/CNPq / MS-SCTIE-DECIT 25/2006.
|Study Type ICMJE||Interventional|
|Study Phase||Phase 2
|Study Design ICMJE||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Intervention ICMJE||Drug: Meglumine antimoniate
Meglumine antimoniate (Aventis, São Paulo, Brazil) is stored and ministered under actual conditions employed by the health services in Brazil. Each patient will be included in one of two treatment groups with meglumine antimoniate IM:
There will be no cross-over between the groups for the purpose of this study. The data from those patients who require permanent discontinuation of a scheme will be assessed in the group that were randomized, ie, by intention to treat
Arms: High continuous dose, Low continuous dose
Other Name: Glucantime
|Study Arm (s)||
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||76|
|Estimated Completion Date||October 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date||October 2012 (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||13 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||Brazil|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01301937|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||low dosage ML|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Responsible Party||ASchubach, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||Oswaldo Cruz Foundation|
|Information Provided By||Oswaldo Cruz Foundation|
|Verification Date||March 2012|
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