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High Risk Crack Use Settings and HIV in El Salvador (Encuentro)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified November 2013 by Medical College of Wisconsin
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Medical College of Wisconsin
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01279421
First received: January 17, 2011
Last updated: November 25, 2013
Last verified: November 2013

January 17, 2011
November 25, 2013
November 2010
October 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Increased HIV testing rates among crack users [ Time Frame: 24 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Decreased number of sexual risk behaviors among crack users [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01279421 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
Community and organizational factors associated with successful implementation of multi-level, community-based HIV prevention intervention [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
High Risk Crack Use Settings and HIV in El Salvador
High Risk Crack Use Settings and HIV in El Salvador

This project will first increase the accessibility and acceptability of rapid HIV testing in health clinics located in or near four low-income communities in San Salvador, El Salvador. The investigators will use crack users' social networks and small incentives, as recommended by the CDC, in collaboration with the Salvadoran Ministry of Public Health and Social Assistance (MSPAS) to encourage crack users to receive HIV testing. The second part of the intervention consists of training 8 Peer Leaders to recruit and lead a Peer Network Intervention among 400 crack users to change norms supporting HIV protective behaviors. The intervention will include monthly meetings open to crack using and non-crack using community residents to reinforce HIV risk reduction skills, and discussion of other topics related to HIV such as illicit drug use and interpersonal violence and community-wide HIV awareness events. Our hypothesis is that these two intervention features will singly, and in combination, reduce HIV risk behaviors among Salvadoran crack users.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • HIV
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Behavioral: Social Network HIV Testing
    Crack users will be recruited for HIV testing and receive 3 coupons to recruit other crack users for HIV testing.
  • Behavioral: Peer Network Intervention
    Peer leaders will recruit small networks of crack users and facilitate a three-day prevention intervention.
  • Experimental: Social Network HIV Testing
    Participants in this arm will be recruited through social networks and will receive an HIV test.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Social Network HIV Testing
  • Experimental: Peer Network Intervention
    Eight (8) current or former crack users will be recruited to facilitate small networks of crack users in a three-day intervention. They will also facilitate monthly meetings open to all community members regarding HIV prevention and interpersonal violence.
    Intervention: Behavioral: Peer Network Intervention
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
1870
October 2017
October 2015   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years or older
  • used crack cocaine in the last 2 weeks

Exclusion Criteria:

  • not giving informed consent
  • under 18 years of age
  • considered by research staff to be unfit or unable to give informed consent
  • engages in continued disruptive behavior while participating in the project
  • not using crack or cocaine in the last month
Both
18 Years and older
Yes
Contact: Gloria Bodnar, Ph.D. 011.503.2236.0316 gbodnar@fundasalva.org.sv
El Salvador
 
NCT01279421
PRO00013931, R01DA020350
Yes
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Medical College of Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Principal Investigator: Julia B. Dickson-Gomez, Ph.D. Medical College of Wisconsin
Study Director: Gloria Bodnar, Ph.D. Fundacion Antidrogas de El Salvador (FUNDASALVA)
Medical College of Wisconsin
November 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP