Study of REVLIMID (Lenalidomide) Versus Placebo in Patients With Low Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (SINTRA-REV)

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified July 2014 by Fundación General de la Universidad de Salamanca
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Fundación General de la Universidad de Salamanca
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01243476
First received: November 17, 2010
Last updated: July 21, 2014
Last verified: July 2014

November 17, 2010
July 21, 2014
January 2010
January 2016   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
  • Period until the progression of myelodysplastic syndrome [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To assess if treatment with Revlimid (Lenalidomide) extends the period until the progression to MDS of(5q) considered as transfusion independent, documented verification that the patient suffering from anemia due to MDS requires transfusion of at least 2 UCH/56 days (2 months) with a minimum follow up of 112 days (4 months). Revlimid will be compared to the current standard treatment for patients with low risk MDS associated with the loss of 5q without transfusion dependent anemia, which is the therapeutic abstention and monitoring until its progression.
  • Safety [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Safety (type, frequency and severity [Criteria of normal terminology of adverse reactions of the National Cancer Institute (NCI CTCAE) version 3.0] of adverse reactions (AR)and list of the AR with Lenalidomide.
Same as current
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01243476 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Erythroid response [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Erythroid response according to the Criteria of the MDS International Work Team.
  • Duration of the red blood cells transfusion independency [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Red blood cells transfusion independency,defined as the number of days elapsed between the randomization and the first transfusion after this period free of transfusions.
  • Change of the hemoglobin concentration (Hb) in relation to baseline levels [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change of the hemoglobin concentration (Hb) in relation to baseline levels of patients who show erythroid response.
  • Variation in platelets and neutrophils absolute count in relation to baseline levels [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cytogenetic response [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Cytogenetic response according to the Criteria of the MDS International Work Team.
  • Bone marrow response [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Bone marrow response according to the Criteria of the MDS International Work Team.
  • Global survival, Event Free Survival and Rate of Transformation to Acute Leukemia. [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Time from diagnose to transfusion independence. [ Time Frame: 6 years (study treatment and follow up) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Study of REVLIMID (Lenalidomide) Versus Placebo in Patients With Low Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Multicenter, Randomized, Double-blind, Phase III Study of REVLIMID (Lenalidomide) Versus Placebo in Patients With Low Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome (Low and Intermediate-1 IPSS) With Alteration in 5q- and Anemia Without the Need of Transfusion.

Trial Design:

This clinical trial is a phase III multicenter, randomized, double blind and controlled with placebo trial and with two arms designed to assess the efficiency and toxicity of the scheme Lenalidomide versus observation in a series of 60 patients with low risk myelodysplastic syndrome associated to 5q deletion with anemia (Hb≤12g/dL) but without the need of transfusion. Patients are randomized in the study in a 2:1 ratio. They will receive treatment for 104 weeks until progression of the disease, which implies that the patient suffering from anemia due to myelodysplastic syndrome requires transfusion of at least 2 UCH/56 days (2 months) with a minimum follow up of 112 days (4 months), or unacceptable toxicity.

Disease:

Low risk myelodysplastic syndrome associated to the loss of 5q without transfusion requirements.

Total number of patients:

In total 60 patients will be included, 40 assigned to the treatment branch and 20 to the placebo branch.

Calendar:

First patient first visit: February 2010, and Last patient last visit expected in February 2016. (Recruitment was initially expected to take place over a period of 24 months and was expected to be finished in February 2012, but due to low rate of recruitment it was extended until the population sample is included in the trial).

General summary of myelodysplastic syndrome with alteration in 5q. Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a very heterogenic group of diseases characterized by the presence of morphologic features of dyshemopoiesis in bone marrow (BM) and in peripheral blood (PB), which is translated into an inefficient hematopoiesis. This will lead to the concomitant development of peripheral cytopenias which will be the cause of complications in these patients and, in most cases, the cause of death. In addition, these patients have an increased risk of developing acute leukemia, and this risk increases with the progression of the disease.MDS represents an incurable disease with standard treatments with a quite variable survival mean ranging from 3 months to 15 years depending on the number of blasts, the number of cytopenias and the type of cytogenetic disorders2. The sole curative treatment of the MDS is the allogenic transplant of hematopoietic progenitors but this option is only available for a 5% of the patients with MDS.

Lenalidomide, initially known as CC-5013, is an analogue of the immunomodulator Drug Thalidomide (Thalidomid®; Pharmion Corp., Boulder, CO, USA), which was the first drug with anti-angiogenic and immunomodulator properties investigated in MDS. Lenalidomide has, as well as thalidomide, a broad array of potential activities against dysplastic cells, not fully known, among which we find immunomodulator and non-immunomodulator properties (anti-angiogenic effect, anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic). The greater advantage of Lenalidomide in comparison with thalidomide is that the former is between 50 and 2000 times stronger tan thalidomide in what respects to its immunomodulator effects. And moreover, the toxic profile of Lenalidomide seems lower than that of its analogue; Thalidomide.

There is no treatment indication on the present times for patients with low risk MDS associated to the loss of 5q without transfusion dependent anemia. The results with Lenalidomide are highly promising for patients with low risk MDS associated to the loss of 5q when (it has so been tested) there is red blood cells transfusion dependent anemia. In this sense, the proposal consists on being able to state that treatment with Lenalidomide can be efficient from diagnose preventing CH transfusions with an acceptable toxicity.

In this sense, the present study has the intention to treat early patients with low-risk MDS associated to the loss of 5q with a view to prevent CH transfusion. Therefore, we could extend in these patients the time until CH transfusion and even assess the possibility of eradicating the disease at a cytogenetic/morphologic level. In the present trial and given the characteristics of the patients, we have chosen the option of supplying Lenalidomide at a dose of 5mg/day. The option of considering a lower dose to the one currently considered as "standard" (10mg/day) is to reduce toxicity, mainly hematologic, in patients who do not receive treatment normally. A dose with lower toxicity has been chosen which has revealed itself efficient.

Main efficiency objective:

•To assess if treatment with Revlimid (Lenalidomide) extends the period until the progression to myelodysplastic syndrome del(5q) considered as transfusion independent, documented verification that the patient suffering from anemia due to MDS requires transfusion of at least 2 UCH/56 days (2 months) with a minimum follow up of 112 days (4 months). Revlimid will be compared to the current standard treatment for patients with low risk myelodysplastic syndrome associated with the loss of 5qwithout transfusion dependent anemia, which is the therapeutic abstention and monitoring until its progression.

Secondary efficiency objectives:

  • Erythroid response according to the Criteria of the myelodysplastic syndrome International Work Team 2006).
  • Duration of the red blood cells transfusion independency (defined as the number of days elapsed between the randomization and the first transfusion after this period free of transfusions).
  • Change of hemoglobin concentration (Hb) in relation to baseline levels of patients who show erythroid response.
  • Variation in platelets absolute count in relation to baseline levels.
  • Variation in neutrophils absolute count in relation to baseline levels.
  • Cytogenetic response according to the Criteria of the myelodysplastic syndrome International Work Team.
  • Bone marrow response according to the Criteria of the myelodysplastic syndrome International Work Team.
  • To assess the safety and tolerance of the Lenalidomide scheme, measured according to the incidence of clinical and laboratory toxicity.
  • Global survival, Event Free Survival and Rate of Transformation to Acute Leukemia.
  • Time from diagnose to transfusion independence.

Main safety objective:

Safety (type, frequency and severity [Criteria of normal terminology of adverse reactions of the National Cancer Institute (NCI CTCAE) version 3.0] of adverse reactions (AR)and list of the AR with Lenalidomide.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Myelodysplastic Syndrome
  • Drug: Lenalidomide
    Treatment with Revlimid (lenalidomide), oral use, 5 mg daily during study treatment (104 weeks).
    Other Name: Revlimid 5 mg
  • Other: Placebo
    Placebo, oral use, daily during study treatment (104 weeks)
    Other Name: Placebo
  • Experimental: lenalidomide
    Experimental treatment branch with Lenalidomide 5 mg/day (oral use)
    Intervention: Drug: Lenalidomide
  • Placebo Comparator: placebo
    Placebo branch (oral use)
    Intervention: Other: Placebo

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Recruiting
60
January 2020
January 2016   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. - The patient must, in the investigator's opinion, be able to comply with all the clinical trial requirements.
  2. - The patient must voluntarily sign the informed consent form before undergoing any test of the trial that is not part of the normal patient care, and patient must be aware that he/she can withdraw from the trial at any time, without it ever affecting their future healthcare.
  3. - Age > 18 years.
  4. - The patient must be diagnosed with low risk MDS (low and intermediate-1 IPSS) associated with 5q deletion, either as an isolated abnormality or accompanied by other additional cytogenetic abnormalities.
  5. - MDS Del(5q) with transfusion-independent anaemia (Hb ≤ 12 g/dL), and documented confirmation that no packed red blood cells transfusion due to the patient's underlying condition (MDS) has been received.
  6. - The patient must have an ECOG performance status of ≤ 2.
  7. - The patient must be able to comply with the scheduled study visits.
  8. - Female patient with childbearing potential must*:

    • Understands the teratogenic risk of the study drug.
    • Commits herself to use two forms of effective birth control continuously, and is able to use them correctly, for the 4 weeks prior to starting treatment with the study drug, as well as during treatment with the study drug (including periods of dose interruption), and for up to 4 weeks after finishing treatment with the study drug, even if amenorrhoeic. This always applies, except in women who commit to continued complete sexual abstinence, as confirmed on a monthly basis.
    • The patient must understand that even if she is amenorrhoeic she must follow all the advice on effective contraception.
    • The patient must understand the possible consequences of pregnancy and the need to attend a healthcare service urgently in case there is a risk of pregnancy.
    • Agree to undergo a pregnancy test with a minimum sensitivity of 25 mIU/mL, under medical supervision, on the day of the study visit or during the 3 days prior to this visit, after using effective birth control for at least 4 weeks. This requirement also applies to women with childbearing potential who practice complete and continued sexual abstinence. The test must confirm that the patient is not pregnant at the time the treatment is initiated.
    • Agree to undergo a pregnancy test, under medical supervision, weekly for he first 28 days of treatment, and subsequently every 4 weeks, including a pregnancy test 4 weeks after finishing the study treatment, except in case of confirmed tubal ligation. This pregnancy test will be performed on the day of the study visit or during the 3 days prior to it. This requirement also applies to women with childbearing potential who practice complete and continued sexual abstinence.
  9. - All male patients must:

    • Commit himself to the use of condoms throughout all the treatment with the study drug, including all periods of dose interruption, and up to one week after finishing the treatment if their partner is a woman with childbearing potential and does not use birth control methods.
    • Commit himself to not donate semen during treatment with the study drug and up to one week after finishing the treatment.
  10. - All patients must:

    • Refrain from donating blood while receiving treatment with the study drug and during the week following the end of the treatment.
    • Refrain from sharing the study drug with others, and return all unused study drug to the investigator or pharmacist.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. - Any organic disease or psychiatric disorder which makes it impossible for the patient to sign or understand the informed consent.
  2. - Having received any treatment for MDS.
  3. - Del(5q) MDS with transfusion-dependent anaemia, and documented confirmation that the patient has received any pRBC transfusion due to the underlying condition (MDS).
  4. - Pregnant or breast-feeding women.
  5. - Any of the following laboratory abnormalities:

    • Absolute neutrophil count < 500/mm3
    • Platelet count < 25,000/mm3
    • Serum GOT or GPT > 3 times the upper limit of normal values.
    • Total serum bilirubin > 2 times the upper limit of normal values.
  6. - Previous history of other malignancies other than MDS (except for basal cell or squamous cell skin carcinoma, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix or breast), unless the patient has been free of disease for more than 5 years.
  7. - Known hypersensitivity to or a history of uncontrollable side effects to lenalidomide.
  8. - Major surgery within the 4 weeks prior to the inclusion in the trial.
  9. - The patient has received any investigational agent in the 30 days prior to inclusion.
Both
18 Years and older
No
Spain
 
NCT01243476
SINTRA-REV, 2009-013619-36
No
Fundación General de la Universidad de Salamanca
Fundación General de la Universidad de Salamanca
Celgene Corporation
Study Chair: Consuelo del Cañizo, MD Hospital Clínico Universitario de Salamanca
Study Chair: María Díez Campelo, MD Hospital Clínico Universitario de Salamanca
Fundación General de la Universidad de Salamanca
July 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP