Neural Response to Eating and Weight Status (NEWS)
|First Received Date ICMJE||October 22, 2010|
|Last Updated Date||September 12, 2012|
|Start Date ICMJE||April 2010|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01228097 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Neural Response to Eating and Weight Status|
|Official Title ICMJE||Changes in Neural Response to Eating After Bariatric Surgery: MRI Results|
This study will compare brain and hormone responses to food images (and food) in women who undergo: (1) gastric bypass surgery; (2) principally restrictive surgery (laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding or laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy); or (3) no weight loss surgery, with the intent of remaining relatively weight stable (within 10-15 lb of your present weight). The investigators will use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to see how the brain responds to pictures of food and to consuming a liquid meal replacement. The investigators wish to determine whether the two surgeries have different effects on appetite, as observable in the brain, and whether the possible effects on appetite differ from those in participants who have a similar body weight but remain relatively weight stable. The investigators also will draw blood to determine how "hunger" and "fullness" hormones change after eating and to see if there are any differences among the three groups. The study is being sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
We hypothesize that RYGB-treated patients will exhibit greater reductions (from baseline) in BOLD response in areas associated with homeostatic and hedonic eating than will both LAGB/LSG and control patients. We also expect that LAGB/LSG patients (as a result of hormonal changes occurring with weight loss) will display greater increases in BOLD response to images of highly palatable foods than will extremely obese controls.
We expect that RYGB-treated patients will show larger increases (relative to baseline) in postprandial GLP-1 and PYY3-36 than the LAGB/LSG and obese control groups. We will also compare changes in ghrelin in the three groups. We predict that patients who undergo RYGB will have greater reductions in ghrelin than will control subjects.
We expect that RYGB-treated patients will demonstrate greater postprandial changes (relative to baseline) in brain activity in the homeostatic and hedonic feeding areas (suggesting normalization of satiety and of neural processing of food reward) than will patients who undergo LAGB/LSG or who do not seek weight loss.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Biospecimen||Retention: Samples With DNA
Whole blood will be drawn for safety labs. Blood plasma will be archived for analysis.
|Sampling Method||Non-Probability Sample|
Women with extreme obesity (i.e., BMI 40 kg/m2) or moderate obesity (BMI 35.0-39.9 kg/m2) plus significant weight-related comorbidities.
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||
|Publications *||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||90|
|Estimated Completion Date||January 2015|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01228097|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||R01-DK085615|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Yes|
|Responsible Party||University of Pennsylvania|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||University of Pennsylvania|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||University of Pennsylvania|
|Verification Date||December 2011|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP