Sulforaphane in Treating Patients With Recurrent Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
The Wayne D. Kuni and Joan E. Kuni Foundation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01228084
First received: October 19, 2010
Last updated: January 14, 2014
Last verified: January 2014

October 19, 2010
January 14, 2014
November 2010
May 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Proportion of Patients Who Achieve a 50% Decline in Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Levels [ Time Frame: Less than or equal to 20 weeks of sulforaphane treatment. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
To determine the proportion of patients who achieve a decline in PSA levels while receiving sulforaphane treatment. as a measure of anti-tumor activity in men with recurrent prostate cancer.
Proportion of patients who achieve a 50% decline in Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) levels treatment. [ Time Frame: Within 20 weeks of sulforaphane ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
To determine the proportion of patients who achieve a decline in PSA levels within 20 weeks of sulforaphane treatment as a measure of anti-tumor activity in men with recurrent prostate cancer.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01228084 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Percent Change in PSA From Baseline to Final Measured Value at End of Study [ Time Frame: Measure at baseline and after stopping study treatment (less than or equal to 20 weeks of treatment with sulforaphane.) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the percentage change in PSA from baseline to the final measured value at the end of study.
  • Minimum Percent Change in PSA (i.e., the Smallest Increase for Those With Increased PSA and the Greatest Decline for Those With Decreased PSA) [ Time Frame: PSA measured every 28 days while on study treatment, an average of 5 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of Patients Whose PSA Levels Have Not Doubled [ Time Frame: While on treatment with sulforaphane (less than or equal to 20 weeks.) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Incidence of Grade 3 or Higher Treatment Related Toxicity [ Time Frame: Continually through study and 14-30 days after last drug dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Toxicities will be graded based on the NIH Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program (CTEP) Common Toxicity Criteria of Adverse Events Version 4.0 (http://ctep.cancer.gov). All adverse events of any grade (for example, abnormal laboratory values, etc.) deemed clinically significant by the investigator will be recorded as a measure of the safety profile of sulforaphane
  • Half-life of Sulforaphane (SFN) in Blood [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Half-life of SFN in Blood Among Patients With Glutathione-S-Transferase Mu 1 (GSTM1) Null Genotype [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Half-life of SFN in Blood Among Patients With Glutathione-S-Transferase Mu 1 (GSTM1) Intact Genotype [ Time Frame: Day 1 of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percent change in PSA from baseline to final measured value at end of study for each subject [ Time Frame: Measure at baseline and after 20 full weeks of study treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the percentage change in PSA from baseline to the final measured value at the end of study.
  • The maximal PSA decline for each subject [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Weeks 1, 5, 9, 13, 17, 21 and 14-30 days after last drug dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Proportion of patients whose PSA levels have not doubled [ Time Frame: Within 20 weeks of sulforaphane ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Determine the safety profile of sulforaphane by the number of participants with adverse events. [ Time Frame: Continually through study and 14-30 days after last drug dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Toxicities will be graded based on the NIH CTEP (Cancer Therapy Evaluation Program) Common Toxicity Criteria of Adverse Events Version 4.0 (http://ctep.cancer.gov). All adverse events of any grade (for example, abnormal laboratory values, etc.) deemed clinically significant by the investigator will be recorded as a measure of the safety profile of sulforaphane
  • Determine the concentrations of sulforaphane and its metabolites in blood and urine [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Weeks 1, 5, 9, 13, 17, 21 and 14-30 days after last drug dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Determine the pharmacodynamic effect of sulforaphane supplementation on gene expression changes and protein acetylation changes in peripheral blood cells. [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Weeks 1, 5, 9, 13, 17, 21 and 14-30 days after last drug dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Sulforaphane metabolite levels between subjects with GSTM1 genotype and null GSTM1 null genotype [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Weeks 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    To determine the impact of GSTM1 (Glutathione-S-Transferase Mu 1) Polymorphism on Plasma and Urine Sulforaphane Levels, GSTM1 genotype information will be prospectively collected from all subjects. The metabolite levels of sulforaphane after single-dose treatment on Day 1 will be assessed to determine whether those with a GSTM1 null genotype have higher levels.
  • Collect frozen serum and urine for future analysis of correlative biomarkers [ Time Frame: Day 1 of Weeks 1, 5, 9, 13, 17, 21 and 14-30 days after last drug dose. ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Sulforaphane in Treating Patients With Recurrent Prostate Cancer
The Effects of Sulforaphane in Patients With Biochemical Recurrence of Prostate Cancer

This phase II trial studies how well sulforaphane works in treating patients with recurrent prostate cancer. Sulforaphane may prevent or slow the growth of certain cancers.

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the proportion of patients who achieve a 50% decline in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels within 20 weeks of sulforaphane treatment.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the percentage change in PSA from baseline to the final measured value at the end of study as well as the maximal PSA decline that occurs while on study for each subject.

II. To determine the proportion of patients whose PSA has not doubled after full 20 weeks of sulforaphane treatment.

III. To determine the safety profile of sulforaphane. IV. To determine the pharmacokinetics (PK) of sulforaphane and its metabolites in blood.

V. To determine the effect of sulforaphane supplementation on target pharmacodynamic (PD) modulation in peripheral blood cells.

VI. To assess the effect of Glutathione-S-Transferase Mu 1 (GSTM1) genotype on sulforaphane PK, PD.

VII. To collect frozen serum for future analysis of correlative biomarkers.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive sulforaphane orally (PO) once daily for 20 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 14-30 days and every 6 months for 12 months.

Interventional
Phase 2
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate
  • Recurrent Prostate Cancer
  • Drug: Sulforaphane
    Sulforaphane given 200μmol (total daily) orally in four 50μmol capsules taken once daily from Week 1 Day 1 to Week 20 Day 7. On days when clinic visits are required patient must wait to take that day's dose until instructed to do so in clinic.
    Other Name: Broccoli Sprout Extract (BSE)
  • Other: Laboratory biomarker analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Other: Pharmacological study
    Correlative studies
    Other Name: Pharmacological studies
Experimental: Sulforaphane
Sulforaphane given 200μmol (total daily) orally in four 50μmol capsules taken once daily from Week 1 Day 1 to Week 20 Day 7. On days when clinic visits are required patient must wait to take that day's dose until instructed to do so in clinic.
Interventions:
  • Drug: Sulforaphane
  • Other: Laboratory biomarker analysis
  • Other: Pharmacological study
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
20
May 2013
May 2012   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histopathologically or cytologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate treated with either a prostatectomy or definitive radiation (external beam or brachytherapy
  • Protocol-Specific Prostate Working Group 2 (PCWG2) Criteria: rising PSA after definitive therapy

    • For post surgical patients: the nadir reference value (#1) is the last PSA measured before increases are documented, with subsequent values obtained a minimum of 1 week apart; if the PSA at time point 3 (value #3A) is greater than that at point 2, then eligibility has been met; if the PSA is not greater than point 2 (value #3B), but value #4 is, the patient is eligible assuming that other criteria are met and values 3A or #4 are 1.0 ng/mL or higher
    • For post radiation therapy patients: the nadir reference value (#1) is the last PSA measured before increases are documented, with subsequent values obtained a minimum of 1 week apart; if the PSA at time point 3 (value #3A) is greater than that at point 2, then eligibility has been met; if the PSA is not greater than point 2 (value #3B), but value #4 is, the patient is eligible assuming that other criteria are met and if values 3A or #4 are 2.0 ng/mL or more above the nadir reference value (#1) according to Phoenix/American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO) criteria
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status <= 2
  • The following laboratory results within 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment:

    • White blood cells (WBC) >= 3000/mm^3
    • Neutrophil >= 1,500/mm^3
    • Platelet >= 100,000/mm^3
    • Serum creatinine =< upper limit of normal (ULN)
    • Albumin > 3.0 gm/dL
    • Total bilirubin < 1.5 X ULN
    • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 1.5 X ULN
    • Testosterone level >= 150ng/dL, and no evidence of progression while on prior hormonal therapy, if applicable (i.e. patient must be non-castrate resistant).
  • Prior androgen therapy is allowed as long as the patient did not progress while on therapy.
  • The following imaging scans within 12 weeks prior to starting study treatment: Whole Body Bone Scan: computed tomography (CT) Chest/Abdomen/Pelvis w/ contrast; NOTE: if contrast medium for CT scan is contraindicated for the patient, documentation of this is required and a CT scan with contrast will not be required; subject still must obtain a CT without contrast, though.
  • Willingness to use effective contraception by study participants or their female partners throughout the treatment period and for at least 2 months following treatment
  • Signed informed patient consent and Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) within 3 months prior to starting treatment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Significant active medical illness which in the opinion of the investigator would preclude protocol treatment
  • Measurable and/or evaluable recurrent prostate cancer by imaging (CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis and bone scan performed within 12 weeks prior to starting treatment) or by physical exam
  • Prior investigational therapy within 30 days prior to starting study treatment
  • Prior treatment with a known histone deacetylase inhibitor (including but not limited to valproic acid, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid [SAHA],Panobinostat (LBH589), etc) within 6 months prior to starting study treatment or while on study therapy
  • Concurrent systemic treatment for prostate cancer
  • Current treatment with warfarin
  • Gastrointestinal ailments which would interfere with the ability to adequately absorb sulforaphane
  • Allergy to cruciferous vegetables
  • Any condition which, in the opinion of the study clinician, would make participation in the study harmful to the patient
Male
18 Years and older
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01228084
6613, SOL-10082-L, 6613
Yes
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
The Wayne D. Kuni and Joan E. Kuni Foundation
Principal Investigator: Joshi J Alumkal, MD OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
January 2014

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP