The value of anti-TNF therapy in intestinal strictures related to Crohn's disease (CD) has not been clearly demonstrated. The results reported by some teams suggest no beneficial effect or even an increased risk of bowel obstruction in the case of stricture, while other publications indicate a favourable action of anti-TNF in this setting. The efficacy of anti-TNF in patients with intestinal stricture related to Crohn's disease could depend on the lesions responsible for the stricture, as anti-TNF agents are probably effective in inflammatory forms and useless or even potentially harmful in fibrotic forms. In practice, the decision is currently empirical and a trial of anti-TNF therapy is often proposed.
In view of the high incidence of intestinal strictures in CD and the need for a treatment as effective as anti-TNF in this setting, it is important to more clearly define the indications of these treatments guided by the information provided by modern imaging.
The aim of this prospective study is to determine whether certain signs detected by MR enterography and contrast-enhanced ultrasonography can help to predict failure of anti-TNF therapy in patients with CD presenting a symptomatic stricture of the small bowel and scheduled to receive this treatment.