Evaluation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in Patients With and Without Diabetic Macular Edema
|First Received Date ICMJE||July 22, 2010|
|Last Updated Date||May 1, 2013|
|Start Date ICMJE||July 2010|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Current Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Primary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Change History||Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01168258 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site|
|Current Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Secondary Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Current Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Original Other Outcome Measures ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Brief Title ICMJE||Evaluation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in Patients With and Without Diabetic Macular Edema|
|Official Title ICMJE||Evaluation of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in Patients With and Without Diabetic Macular Edema|
- Diabetic macular edema (DME) is a common condition in people with diabetes. DME occurs when blood vessels in the eye leak fluid, resulting in swelling inside the back of the eye and progressive vision loss. Research has shown that good blood sugar control can reduce the risk and severity of DME. However, not all diabetic patients with poor blood sugar control develop DME, and some patients develop DME despite excellent blood sugar control. This suggests that other factors, such as genes or inherited traits, may predispose or protect a diabetic patient from developing DME.
- To investigate genetic factors that may influence the development of diabetic macular edema.
- Individuals at least 18 years of age who have type 2 diabetes, with or without diabetic macular edema.
The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that genetic polymorphisms of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), erythropoietin (EPO), endothelin-1 (EDN1) and receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE) genes are associated with the development of diabetic macular edema (DME).
Two hundred case participants with DME and 200 diabetic controls without DME will be enrolled.
This is a longitudinal, genetic association study evaluating whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in VEGF, EPO, EDN1 and RAGE genes affect the development and progression of DME. All participants will provide a blood sample, undergo an eye examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fluorescein angiography (FA) and discuss their medical, family and social history. Case participants with DME and diabetic control participants without DME will be allowed to receive standard-of-care treatment at the NEI under this protocol.
The primary outcome variable is the genotype frequency of SNPs in the above specific genes of DME and control participants. Secondary outcomes are serum levels of VEGF, EPO, EDN1 and AGE, plasma biomarkers such as mRNA and ophthalmic measurements (visual acuity and imaging results such as FA and OCT results). The longitudinal outcome measure includes investigating associations between the studied genetic polymorphisms and the long-term response to standard-of-care therapy.
|Study Type ICMJE||Observational|
|Study Design ICMJE||Time Perspective: Prospective|
|Target Follow-Up Duration||Not Provided|
|Sampling Method||Not Provided|
|Study Population||Not Provided|
|Intervention ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Study Group/Cohort (s)||Not Provided|
* Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
|Recruitment Status ICMJE||Recruiting|
|Estimated Enrollment ICMJE||400|
|Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Primary Completion Date||Not Provided|
|Eligibility Criteria ICMJE||
All participants must meet the following criteria:
Participant is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes prior to enrollment.
Participant must understand and sign this protocol's informed consent document and agree to provide a blood sample for analysis.
Participant must be 18 years of age or older.
DME Participants (cases):
Participant is diagnosed with active DME defined by fluorescein leakage associated with either central retinal thickness greater than 260 microns on spectral domain OCT or cystic changes present on OCT.
Participant has evidence of focal laser scars indicative of prior DME Investigators will verify the laser therapy was performed for DME via medical records, fluorescein angiograms or photographs.
Non-DME Participants (controls)
Participant has no evidence of DME defined fluorescein leakage associated with either central retinal thickness greater than 260 microns on spectral domain OCT or cystic changes present on OCT.
Participant has no evidence of focal laser scars indicative of prior DME.
Participant has another retinal disease that may confound the evaluation of the DME. Examples include vein occlusions, uveitic macular edema or neovascular age-related macular degeneration.
Participant has opacities of the ocular media, limitations of pupillary dilation or other problems sufficient to preclude adequate dilated examination.
|Ages||18 Years and older|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers||No|
|Location Countries ICMJE||United States|
|NCT Number ICMJE||NCT01168258|
|Other Study ID Numbers ICMJE||100169, 10-EI-0169|
|Has Data Monitoring Committee||Not Provided|
|Responsible Party||Not Provided|
|Study Sponsor ICMJE||National Eye Institute (NEI)|
|Collaborators ICMJE||Not Provided|
|Information Provided By||National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)|
|Verification Date||June 2012|
ICMJE Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP