A Semi-Factorial Cluster-Randomized Trial to Estimate the Effect Size of Community Mobilization and VCT Vans on the Adoption of Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Services in Andhra Pradesh, India: THE MCVCT STUDY

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment.
Verified March 2013 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01160575
First received: July 9, 2010
Last updated: March 14, 2014
Last verified: March 2013

July 9, 2010
March 14, 2014
June 2010
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Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01160575 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
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A Semi-Factorial Cluster-Randomized Trial to Estimate the Effect Size of Community Mobilization and VCT Vans on the Adoption of Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Services in Andhra Pradesh, India: THE MCVCT STUDY
A Semi-Factorial Cluster-Randomized Trial to Estimate the Effect Size of Community Mobilization and VCT Vans on the Adoption of Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Services in Andhra Pradesh, India: THE MCVCT STUDY

With an estimated 2.5 million HIV-infected persons, India is home to one of the largest populations of HIV-infected persons in the world. Yet, it is estimated that less than 20% of the people living with HIV in India are aware of their status. Andhra Pradesh (AP), situated in south India, is the state with the highest HIV burden in India. Reports from AP suggest usage of voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is low, especially among high-risk groups. VCT has been shown to have many benefits in addition to diagnosis of HIV infection such as reduction in risk behavior, partner referral, and serving as an entry point to the health care system. Community mobilization and VCT vans have been shown in the past to play a role in increasing utilization of VCT services in various developing countries similar to India. The primary objective of this protocol is to arrive at an effect size of community mobilization alone, and both community mobilization and VCT vans, on the adoption of VCT services in Andhra Pradesh, India. Secondary objectives include identifying barriers to VCT, assessing stigma in the community, and establishing a specimen repository at the YRGCARE infectious disease laboratory in Chennai, India. We will achieve these objectives by conducting a cluster randomized clinical trial with 3 arms: ARM 1: standard of care with pre-existing VCT centers (SVCT); ARM 2: community mobilization in the setting of pre-existing VCT centers (CVCT); ARM 3: community mobilization plus VCT van in addition to the pre-existing VCT centers (MCVCT). The overall study duration will be 6 months from randomization. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the role of community mobilization and VCT vans on the adoption of VCT in the Indian context. It will provide us with vital data that will be used to plan a larger powered study to evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions including sites from other parts of India. Additionally, this study will also provide us with important information on barriers to VCT in these communities.

With an estimated 2.5 million HIV-infected persons, India is home to one of the largest populations of HIV-infected persons in the world. Yet, it is estimated that less than 20% of the people living with HIV in India are aware of their status. Andhra Pradesh (AP), situated in south India, is the state with the highest HIV burden in India. Reports from AP suggest usage of voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) is low, especially among high-risk groups. VCT has been shown to have many benefits in addition to diagnosis of HIV infection such as reduction in risk behavior, partner referral, and serving as an entry point to the health care system. Community mobilization and VCT vans have been shown in the past to play a role in increasing utilization of VCT services in various developing countries similar to India. The primary objective of this protocol is to arrive at an effect size of community mobilization alone, and both community mobilization and VCT vans, on the adoption of VCT services in Andhra Pradesh, India. Secondary objectives include identifying barriers to VCT, assessing stigma in the community, and establishing a specimen repository at the YRGCARE infectious disease laboratory in Chennai, India. We will achieve these objectives by conducting a cluster randomized clinical trial with 3 arms: ARM 1: standard of care with pre-existing VCT centers (SVCT); ARM 2: community mobilization in the setting of pre-existing VCT centers (CVCT); ARM 3: community mobilization plus VCT van in addition to the pre-existing VCT centers (MCVCT). The overall study duration will be 6 months from randomization. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the role of community mobilization and VCT vans on the adoption of VCT in the Indian context. It will provide us with vital data that will be used to plan a larger powered study to evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions including sites from other parts of India. Additionally, this study will also provide us with important information on barriers to VCT in these communities.

Observational
Time Perspective: Prospective
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  • HIV
  • AIDS
  • Epidemiology
  • Prevention
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*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Not yet recruiting
10000
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  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    1. Greater than or equal to 18 years of age
    2. Client to the clinic based standard VCT center or the VCT van during the study period
    3. Provides informed consent
    4. Must be a resident of the community for at least 6 months.
    5. Willing to complete survey
    6. Willing to provide a blood sample obtained by finger-stick or venipuncture for HIV testing.
    7. Willing to have blood samples stored.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  1. Participant is less than 18 years of age.
  2. Study staff feels participant is psychologically unfit to understand the consent
  3. Participant has already been enrolled in this study
Both
18 Years and older
No
Contact: Thomas C Quinn, M.D. (410) 955-7635 tquinn@jhmi.edu
United States
 
NCT01160575
999910158, 10-I-N158
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National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Principal Investigator: Thomas C Quinn, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
March 2013

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP