VELCADE-Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (VTD) vs Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (TD) Incorporated Into Double Autotransplantation for Untreated Multiple Myeloma (MM)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Janssen-Cilag S.p.A.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Michele Cavo, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01134484
First received: May 28, 2010
Last updated: July 19, 2012
Last verified: July 2012

May 28, 2010
July 19, 2012
May 2006
August 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Rate of CR+nCR to induction treatment [ Time Frame: 63 days after the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Responses to induction therapy were reported by study investigators and centrally reassessed by study coordinator(s). Criteria are those initially proposed by the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT), with the addition of nCR (100% M-protein reduction by electrophoresis, but immunofixation-positive) and very good partial response (VGPR) (at least 90% serum and urine M-protein reduction) categories. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test.
Rate of complete plus near-complete response to induction treatment [ Time Frame: 63 days after the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Responses to induction therapy were reported by study investigators and centrally reassessed by study coordinator(s). Criteria are those initially proposed by the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT), with the addition of near-complete response (100% M-protein reduction by electrophoresis, but immunofixation-positive) and very good partial response (at least 90% serum and urine M-protein reduction) categories. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01134484 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Rate of CR+nCR to autotransplantation(s) and subsequent consolidation therapy [ Time Frame: 90 days after the second autologous transplantation and 70 days after the beginning of either TD or VTD as consolidation therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Responses to autotransplantation(s) and consolidation therapy were reported by study investigators and centrally reassessed by study coordinator(s). Criteria are those initially proposed by the EBMT, with the addition of nCR and VGPR categories. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test.
  • Time To Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of relapse or progression ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    TTP is defined as time from start of induction treatment with either TD or VTD to relapse or progression, as evaluated according to EBMT criteria. Comparison of TTP between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.
  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of relapse or progression or death, whichever occurs firstly ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS is defined as time from start of treatment to progression/relapse, or death, whichever occurs firstly. Comparison of PFS between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of death, due to any cause ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS is defined as time from start of treatment to death. Comparison of OS between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology.
  • Safety [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of any toxicity/adverse event(s) recorded during and after study drug administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Safety is monitored until 30 days after the last dose of study drug. Toxicities are graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Rates of adverse events are compared between treatment arms using the chi-square test.
  • Rate of complete plus near-complete response to autotransplantation(s) and subsequent consolidation therapy [ Time Frame: 90 days after the second autologous transplantation and 70 days after the beginning of either TD or VTD as consolidation therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Responses to autotransplantation(s) and consolidation therapy were reported by study investigators and centrally reassessed by study coordinator(s). Criteria are those initially proposed by the EBMT, with the addition of near-complete response (100% M-protein reduction by electrophoresis, but immunofixation-positive) and very good partial response (at least 90% serum and urine M-protein reduction) categories. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test. Comparisons of response rates between treatment arms are performed using Fisher's exact test.
  • time to progression [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of relapse or progression ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Time to progression is defined as time from start of induction treatment with either TD or VTD to relapse or progression, as evaluated according to EBMT criteria.

    Comparison of progression-free survival between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology

  • progression free survival [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of relapse or progression or death, whichever occurs firstly ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Progression-free survival is defined as time from start of treatment to progression/relapse, or death, whichever occurs firstly.

    Comparison of progression-free survival between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology

  • overall survival [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of death, due to any cause ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Overall survival is defined as time from start of treatment to death. Comparison of overall survival between treatment arms is performed using the log-rank test; distributions are estimated using Kaplan-Meier methodology
  • safety [ Time Frame: Average time period between the start day of either TD or VTD as induction therapy and the day of any toxicity/adverse event(s) recorded during and after study drug administration ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Safety is monitored until 30 days after the last dose of study drug. Toxicities are graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0.

    Rates of adverse events are compared between treatment arms using the chi-square test.

Not Provided
Not Provided
 
VELCADE-Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (VTD) vs Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (TD) Incorporated Into Double Autotransplantation for Untreated Multiple Myeloma (MM)
A Phase 3, Prospective, Randomized Clinical Study of VELCADE-Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (VTD) Versus Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (TD) for Previously Untreated Multiple Myeloma (MM) Patients Who Are Candidates to Receive Double Autologous Transplantation

Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (TD) is a standard induction therapy for Multiple Myeloma (MM). The present study is designed to compare TD with VELCADE-Thalidomide-Dexamethasone (VTD) as induction therapy in preparation for, and as consolidation after, melphalan-based double autologous stem cell transplantation for previously untreated patients aged ≤65 years with symptomatic MM. Primary study endpoint is the rate of complete response (CR) plus near-complete response (nCR) to induction treatment. Secondary endpoints include the rate of CR plus nCR to double transplantation and subsequent consolidation therapy, time to progression (TTP), progression-free survival (PFS),overall survival (OS) and toxicity profile of both VTD and TD.

This prospective phase 3 trial is aimed at evaluating whether, in comparison with standard TD, addition of Velcade to TD increases rate of CR and nCR from 15% to 30%, respectively. For this purpose, symptomatic patients aged 18-65 years with previously untreated MM and quantifiable M-protein in serum or urine are randomized (1:1) to receive induction therapy comprising three 3-week cycles of Velcade 1.3 mg/sqm, days 1, 4, 8, 11, thalidomide 100 mg, days 1-14, cycle 1, then 200 mg daily, and dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1, 2, 4, 5, 8, 9, 11, 12, or thalidomide and dexamethasone (same schedule and dosage as in VTD). Randomization to VTD or TD is stratified according to International Staging System disease stage at diagnosis. Following induction therapy, patients in both arms receive cyclophosphamide (4 g/sqm, day 0 and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, 10 μcg/kg/day, from day +2) to collect autologous peripheral blood stem cells (minimum threshold CD34+ cells: 4 x 10^6/kg) and two subsequent courses of stem cell-supported high dose melphalan (200 mg/sqm), 3 to 6 months apart. Upon neutrophil (≥1 x 10^9/L) and platelet (≥75 x 10^9/L) recovery following the first autotransplantation, patients receive thalidomide (100 mg daily) and dexamethasone (40 mg, days 1-4 every 4 weeks) as bridge therapy until the day before the second transplantation.

Patients initially randomized to receive VTD or TD induction therapy are planned to receive two 5-week cycles of VTD (Velcade 1.3 mg/sqm, days 1, 8, 15, 22; thalidomide 100 mg daily; dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 23) or TD (thalidomide 100 mg daily; dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1-4 and 20-23) as consolidation therapy, starting 3 months after last transplant. Maintenance therapy comprise dexamethasone 40 mg, days 1-4, repeated monthly until relapse or progression.

Interventional
Phase 3
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Multiple Myeloma
  • Drug: Velcade
    • INDUCTION THERAPY: 1.3 mg/sqm as a bolus i.v. injection on days 1, 4, 8 and 11 (3 courses, 21 days each)
    • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY: 1.3 mg/sqm as a bolus i.v. injection on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 (2 courses, 35 days each)
    Other Name: Bortezomib
  • Drug: Thalidomide
    • INDUCTION THERAPY: 100 mg/d on days 1-14, 200 mg/d on days 15-63 (in case of delay of HD-CTX , Thalidomide will be continued until the day before Cyclophosphamide as priming therapy for PBSC collection)
    • AFTER PBSC COLLECTION: 100 mg/d from day after last PBSC collection until the day before first course of MEL-200
    • AFTER FIRST TRANSPLANTATION: 100 mg/d from recovery of hematopoiesis until the day before the second course of MEL-200
    • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY (starting 3 months after the second autologous transplantation): 100 mg/d days 1-70
    Other Name: Talidomide
  • Drug: Dexamethasone
    • INDUCTION THERAPY

      1. VTD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-2, 4-5, 8-9 and 11-12 (3 cycles, 21 days each)
      2. TD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-4 and 9-12 (3 cycles, 21 days each)
    • AFTER PBSC COLLECTION: 40 mg/d for 4 days (starting the same day of resumption of Thalidomide)
    • AFTER FIRST TRANSPLANTATION: 40 mg/d for 4 days (starting the same day of resumption of Thalidomide) and repeated every 28 days, for 3 months
    • REMISSION CONSOLIDATION THERAPY (starting 3 months after the second autologous transplantation)

      1. VTD ARM: 40 mg/d days 1-2, 8-9, 15-16 and 22-23 (2 cycles, 35 days each)
      2. TD ARM: 40 mg/d days 14 and 20-23 (2 cycles, 35 days each)
    Other Name: Soldesam
  • Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) collection
    • Cyclophosphamide (CTX): 4 g/sqm given in a single day (day 0)
    • G-CSF: 10 µcg/kg/d, starting on day +2 from CTX and continuing until completion of PBSC collection
  • Procedure: First Autologous Transplantation
    • HIGH-DOSE MELPHALAN (MEL-200): 200 mg/sqm, given as a single dose i.v. (day -2) followed by PBSC infusion 48 hours later (day 0)
    • G-CSF: 5 µcg/kg daily starting from day +6 after grafting and continuing until the patient's ANC is more than 0.5x10^9/L for 3 consecutive days
  • Procedure: Second Autologous Transplantation
    • HIGH-DOSE MELPHALAN (MEL-200): 200 mg/sqm, given as a single dose i.v. (day -2) followed by PBSC infusion 48 hours later (day 0)
    • G-CSF: 5 µcg/kg daily starting from day +6 after grafting and continuing until the patient's ANC is more than 0.5x10^9/L for 3 consecutive days
  • Experimental: VTD
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Velcade
    • Drug: Thalidomide
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
    • Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) collection
    • Procedure: First Autologous Transplantation
    • Procedure: Second Autologous Transplantation
  • Active Comparator: TD
    Interventions:
    • Drug: Thalidomide
    • Drug: Dexamethasone
    • Procedure: Peripheral Blood Stem Cell (PBSC) collection
    • Procedure: First Autologous Transplantation
    • Procedure: Second Autologous Transplantation

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
480
December 2015
August 2008   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion criteria:

  • Confirmed diagnosis of symptomatic MM based on standard criteria.
  • No prior or current systemic therapy for MM, including steroids.
  • At least 18 years and less than 65 years of age.
  • Presence of quantifiable M protein in serum (e.g. greater than 1 g/dL for IgG MM, greater than 0.5 g/dL of IgA or IgD MM) or urine (e.g. greater than 200 mg/day for BJ MM).
  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) at least 60%.
  • Willing and able to comply with the protocol requirements.
  • Agreement from both male and female patients to follow the risk management program established for the prevention of pregnancy, including double methods for contraception and beta-HCG tests for women of childbearing potential and contraception for males.
  • Adequate organ function, including heart, liver, kidney (serum creatinine less than 2 mg/dL)
  • Platelet count at least 70 x 10/mcL and absolute neutrophil count at least 1 x 10/mcl

Exclusion criteria:

  • Diagnosis of asymptomatic MM or of MGUS based on standard criteria.
  • Diagnosis of non-secretory MM.
  • Diagnosis of AL Amyloidosis.
  • Prior or current systemic therapy for MM, including steroids (with exception of bisphosphonates).
  • Patient has received other investigational drugs within 30 days before enrollment.
  • Female subjects pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Patient has Grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy (NCI criteria).
  • Patient has a prior history of thrombosis or venous thromboembolism or pulmonary embolism.
  • Patient has a previous diagnosis of antiphospholipid antibodies or lupus anticoagulant, factor V Leiden mutation, prothrombin G21210A mutation, antithrombin, protein C or S deficiency.
  • Patient has a clear indication to receive a specific other anti-platelet therapy (e.g. clopidogrel, ticlopidine).
  • Patient has a clear indication to receive long-term anticoagulant therapy (e.g. prosthetic heart valve, atrial fibrillation).
  • Active bleeding or high risk of bleeding (gastrointestinal bleeding within the past 12 months; endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer disease or ulcerative esophagitis within the past 6 months unless there is documented endoscopic evidence of healing; intracranial bleeding within the past year; amyloidosis; known bleeding diathesis).
  • Seropositive for HIV, or active hepatitis A, B or C infection.
  • Poorly controlled hypertension or diabetes mellitus (if receiving antidiabetic agents, subjects must be on a stable dose for at least 3 months before the start of therapy) or other serious medical or psychiatric conditions that could interfere with adherence to or completion of this study.
  • Patient has hypersensitivity to bortezomib, boron or mannitol.
  • Serious medical or psychiatric illness likely to interfere with participation in this clinical study
  • Previous or concurrent malignancies at other sites, with the exception of appropriately treated localized epithelial skin or cervical cancer. Patients with remote histories (>5 years) of other cured tumors may be entered.
  • Receipt of extensive radiation therapy, systemic chemotherapy, or other antineoplastic therapy within 4 weeks before enrolment.
Both
18 Years to 65 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Italy
 
NCT01134484
MM-BO2005, 2005-003723-39, 26866138-MMY-3006
Yes
Michele Cavo, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi
Michele Cavo
Janssen-Cilag S.p.A.
Principal Investigator: Michele Cavo, MD Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi
Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Bologna Policlinico S. Orsola Malpighi
July 2012

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP