Home Usability of a Nasal Lavage System in Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Aardvark Medical Company
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01129765
First received: May 21, 2010
Last updated: July 27, 2010
Last verified: July 2010

May 21, 2010
July 27, 2010
July 2009
August 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Number of Participants Who Properly Used the Nasal Irrigator/Aspirator Device [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

'Proper use' is defined as successfully completing all of the following five steps:

  1. Attaching wash-head to handle properly
  2. Positioning child correctly for procedure as per the user manual's instructions
  3. Using the device's control button correctly for both irrigation and aspiration
  4. Placing the wash-head tip correctly at the nasal opening
  5. Using the device for up to but not exceeding five seconds
Proper use of device [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

'Proper use' is defined by performing correctly all five distinct steps:

  1. proper wash-head placement
  2. patient positioning according to the instruction manual
  3. appropriate use of the dual function button that controls both irrigation and aspiration
  4. tip placement in the patient's nose
  5. using the device for no longer than recommended Each step was recorded as a binary outcome (yes/no) by a single clinical observer.
Complete list of historical versions of study NCT01129765 on ClinicalTrials.gov Archive Site
  • Number of Participants Who Experienced Ease of Use With the Device [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    After using the device, the caregiver answered this question on a five point Likert-like scale with increasing favorability with increasing number. An answer of 3 or greater is considered an affirmative answer. Such responses reported along with the exact 95% confidence intervals.

    The question and scale are as follows: How easy was the device to use?

    1 difficult, 2 somewhat hard, 3 fairly easy, 4 easy, 5 very easy

  • Number of Participants Who Found the Device to be Effective [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    After using the device, the caregiver answered this question on a five point Likert-like scale with increasing favorability with increasing number. The proportion answering 3 or greater is reported along with the exact 95% confidence intervals.

    The question and scale are as follows: How well did the device remove nasal secretions?

    1 difficult, 2 somewhat hard, 3 fairly easy, 4 easy, 5 very easy

  • Number of Participants Who Identified the Device's User Manual as Easy to Understand [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    After using the device, the caregiver answered this question on a five point Likert-like scale with increasing favorability with increasing number. The proportion answering 3 or greater is reported along with the exact 95% confidence intervals.

    The question and scale are as follows: How easy was the manual to understand?

    1 difficult, 2 somewhat hard, 3 fairly easy, 4 easy, 5 very easy

  • Number of Patients Who Were Observed to Have an Adverse Event [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    While using the device, the patients were observed by the research coordinator for any of the following adverse events to occur:

    1. bloody nose
    2. being sprayed in the eye with the saline
    3. vomiting after the procedure
    4. choking during or after the procedure
    5. other
  • Number of Patients Experiencing a Physical Injury During Use [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    After the procedure, the patient was directly examined for any of the following:

    1. bleeding from the nostrils
    2. disruption of the skin around the nose
    3. increased work of breathing/respiratory distress (increased respiratory rate, increased respiratory accessory muscle use)
  • Instruction manual understanding [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Six multiple choice questions were answered by the participants whose answers came directly from the user manual. These questions focused on indications for using the device, understanding of safe use, safe positioning, contraindications for use, and when to seek medical attention.
  • Perceptions of the caregiver [ Time Frame: Day one, immediately ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    Three Likert-like items were asked of the caregiver in regards to their use experience. They included perceptions of:

    1. understandability of the user manual
    2. ease of use of the device
    3. efficacy of the device (how well it removed mucus from the nose)
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Home Usability of a Nasal Lavage System in Children
Home Usability of a Nasal Lavage System in Children

This study evaluates labeling comprehension, ease of use and effectiveness of a new device for nasal and sinus irrigation and/or aspiration. The device is currently cleared for professional use and home use with a prescription. This is a usability study to demonstrate that this device is appropriate for home use.

Nasal congestion is an important complication of viral upper respiratory infections in young children. It can lead to poor eating, sleeping and breathing. Recently, the FDA recommended against using over-the-counter cold remedies in young children because of inefficacy and occasional dangerous side effects. A commonly recommended non-drug solution for nasal congestion is nasal suctioning. This can be effective but currently available methods have been found to be awkward, uncomfortable and ineffective.

The studied device has potential for making nasal suctioning easy to perform in the home setting, especially in young children. It is already FDA cleared for professional use and this study was developed to demonstrate that it is appropriate for the home as well. This would be significant as it would allow parents a strategy of clearing their child's nose without drugs.

The device is automatic and handheld that can irrigate and/or aspirate the nasal cavity with hospital-grade suction. The handle houses a pump that can achieve air flows known to be effective for infant nasal suctioning in the hospital. A disposable wash-head is placed on top. It has an irrigation chamber with 0.9% saline and another chamber for collecting the aspirated nasal contents. The unit operates from a single bi-functional button.

Several key safety features have been built in such as: a tip that is shaped to maximize the seal but prevent intrusion into the nose; an irrigation function that delivers an optimal volume but prevents flooding the nasal cavity; and a pump that can deliver suction known to be effective in the hospital but whose safety valve does not allow it to rise above dangerous levels.

Participants were parents of children who have nasal congestion for whom nasal suctioning is traditionally recommended. They were asked to review the instruction manual of the device, and then use it on their children.

The primary outcome was proper use of device that was precisely defined. Additionally, subjective efficacy of mucus removal, evidence of adverse events and understanding of the device's user manual were also measured.

Observational
Observational Model: Case Control
Time Perspective: Prospective
Not Provided
Not Provided
Non-Probability Sample

The participants were selected from a primary care pediatric clinic.

  • Nasal Congestion
  • Respiratory Tract Infection
  • Sinusitis
  • Allergic Rhinitis
Device: Use of an automatic nasal irrigator/aspirator
After reading the device's user manual, parents were asked to use it on their congested children to their satisfaction. During this time, a clinical observer recorded predetermined steps that needed to be performed for success as well as presence of any adverse events.
Other Names:
  • Nasal aspiration
  • Nasal irrigation
  • Nasal lavage
Parents of congested children
Parents of children less than six years of age with nasal congestion for which nasal suctioning and salt water irrigation is traditionally recommended.
Intervention: Device: Use of an automatic nasal irrigator/aspirator
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Completed
30
August 2009
August 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Parents of children less than 6 years of age who were suffering from nasal congestion for which nasal suctioning and salt water irrigation/drops are prescribed.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Parents of children in marked respiratory distress or who maxillofacial malformations not conducive to nasal suctioning.
  • Additionally, parents of children with recurrent nose bleeds, bleeding disorders or irritated peri-nasal skin were excluded.
Both
up to 5 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
United States
 
NCT01129765
AM-002
No
Richard Schwartz, MD, Advanced Pediatrics
Aardvark Medical Company
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Richard Schwartz, MD Advanced Pediatrics
Aardvark Medical Company
July 2010

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP