Disease-modifying Properties of Lithium in the Neurobiology of Alzheimer's Disease

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified December 2009 by University of Sao Paulo.
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
University of Sao Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01055392
First received: January 22, 2010
Last updated: NA
Last verified: December 2009
History: No changes posted

January 22, 2010
January 22, 2010
March 2007
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
effect of lithium to delay progression of cognitive deficits in patients with amnestic MCI [ Time Frame: two year ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
Same as current
No Changes Posted
  • effect of lithium on CSF levels of Total Tau, Phosphorylated Tau and Amyloid-beta42 [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • the effect of lithium on the activity of GSK3β in platelets and leukocytes drawn from peripheral blood. [ Time Frame: one year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Same as current
Not Provided
Not Provided
 
Disease-modifying Properties of Lithium in the Neurobiology of Alzheimer's Disease
Disease-modifying Properties of Lithium in the Neurobiology of Alzheimer's Disease: a Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Prevention Study in Elderly Patients With Mild Cognitive Impairment

Lithium salts have been used for the treatment of psychiatric disorders for over five decades, mostly as a mood-stabilizing drug. Recent evidence points to the inhibition of the enzyme glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK3) as one of its mechanisms of action. The overactivity of this enzyme has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), given its involvement in mechanisms related to the hyperphosphorylation of Tau protein and the production of beta-amyloid peptide. These are key events leading respectively to the formation of neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques, which are the neuropathological hallmarks of the disease. Several in vitro and animal studies have shown that the inhibition of GSK3 by lithium and other agents attenuates these pathological processes, reinforcing the notion that GSK3 is a likely target for future disease-modifying therapies for AD. Indeed, a recent study published by our group showed that chronic lithium use is associated with a decrement in the expected prevalence of dementia, in a sample of elderly individuals with bipolar disorder. To investigate this putative neuroprotective effect in a prospective way, the investigators started 24-month randomized, double-blinded controlled trial of lithium for the prevention of dementia in a sample of elderly individuals with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI), a condition associated with increased risk for the development of AD. The clinical and biological outcomes of this trial include the attenuation of cognitive deficits, and the modification of certain biological markers of the disease (as measured in the cerebrospinal fluid, leukocytes and platelets). The objective of the present application is to enable the extension of this ongoing trial to an additional 2-year follow-up. A longer follow-up (48 months) will increase the statistical power to ascertain the primary outcome variables of this study, particularly the con-version from MCI to Alzheimer's disease. This will warrant a more consistent conclusion about the potential of lithium treatment in the prevention of dementia, in addition to a better evaluation of safety and tolerability profiles of the long-term use of lithium in older individuals.

Not Provided
Interventional
Phase 2
Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
  • Cognitive Impairment
  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Drug: Lithium Carbonate
    lithium carbonate tablets, 150 mg to 450 mg (target serum lithium level 0.25 mEq/L - 0.5 mEq/L), divided in two doses, two years.
  • Drug: Placebo
    Identical placebo tablets were administered twice-a-day for two years.
  • Experimental: Lithium
    Patients received low doses of lithium salts (from 150 mg to 450 mg of lithium salts daily) to achieve sub-therapeutic lithium levels (target serum lithium level of 0,25 - 0,5 mEq/L). Lithium doses were administered twice a day. Lithium doses were titrated to achieve the target serum lithium levels within the first two weeks after study recruitment. After achieving the target serum lithium level, lithium salts doses remained stable until the end of the study.
    Intervention: Drug: Lithium Carbonate
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    Identical placebo tablets were administered twice-a-day for two years.
    Intervention: Drug: Placebo
Not Provided

*   Includes publications given by the data provider as well as publications identified by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number) in Medline.
 
Active, not recruiting
80
Not Provided
March 2009   (final data collection date for primary outcome measure)

Inclusion Criteria:

  • patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment;
  • age: 60 to 80 years-old;

Exclusion Criteria:

  • sensory deficiencies that might preclude the administration of cognitive tests;
  • active major psychiatry disorder;
  • unstable clinical conditions such as cardiac insufficiency, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, renal failure;
  • previous use of lithium salts;
  • concurrent participation in other clinical trial or intervention studies;
Both
60 Years to 80 Years
No
Contact information is only displayed when the study is recruiting subjects
Brazil
 
NCT01055392
OVForlenza-Lithium, 554535/2005-0
No
Orestes Vicente Forlenza, Department and Institute of psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine - University of Sao Paulo
University of Sao Paulo
Not Provided
Principal Investigator: Orestes V Forlenza, Ph.D. Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine - University of Sao Paulo
Study Director: Wagner F Gattaz, Ph.D. Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine - University of Sao Paulo
University of Sao Paulo
December 2009

ICMJE     Data element required by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors and the World Health Organization ICTRP